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INVITATION PAPER (C.P. ALEXANDER FUND): HISTORY OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS BERLINER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Clayton C. Beegle (a1) and Takashi Yamamoto (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

This review article starts with the discovery of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner in Japan at the turn of the century and notes that the observations of the early Japanese workers clearly show that they were aware of the toxin-mediated nature of the activity of B. thuringiensis toward insect larvae. The early work in Europe with B. thuringiensis against Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) showed that the bacterium had promise as a microbial control agent. The commercial development of B. thuringiensis in France in the late 1930s, and in Eastern Europe and the United States in the 1950s, is traced.

Résumé

Cet article de synthèse relate l’histoire de Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner depuis sa découverte au Japon au début du siècle et indique que les premiers chercheurs japonais connaissaient déjà les effets toxiques du bacille sur les larves d’insectes. Les premiers travaux européens qui décrivent les effets de B. thuringiensis sur Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) ont démontré que la bactérie constituait un agent microbien de contrôle très prometteur. L’historique de la production commerciale de B. thuringiensis, en France à la fin des années 1930 et en Europe de l’Est et aux États-Unis dans les années 1950, est retracée.

[Traduit par la rédaction]

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The Canadian Entomologist
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