Skip to main content Accessibility help

Mites affect plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) behavioural responses to attractive volatiles

  • Virginia Hock (a1), Gérald Chouinard (a2), Éric Lucas (a3) and Daniel Cormier (a2)

An infestation of Histiostoma Kramer sp. mites (Acari: Histiostomatidae) occurred in rearing colonies of the univoltine strain of plum curculio (PC), Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), established in 2010 in southern Québec, Canada. Tests conducted in a two-choice still-air vertical olfactometer with mite-infested and noninfested PC revealed that the number of beetles responding by walking towards normally attractive synthetic and natural odours was significantly lower for those infested with mites. Those mite-infested curculios that did discriminate between test odours and odour-free air all responded positively to the test volatiles, similar to the behaviour of noninfested insects. This indicates that mites affect PC ability to physically move towards attractive volatiles but not odour preference.

Corresponding author
1Corresponding author (e-mail:
Hide All
Amis, A.A.Snow, J.W. 1985. Conotrachelus nenuphar. In Handbook of insect rearing. Edited by P. Singh and R.F. Moore. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 227235.
Broersma, D.B.Hays, S.B. 1966. Improved methods for mass rearing plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar. Journal of Economic Entomology, 59: 235236.
Chouinard, G., Hill, S.B., Vincent, C. 1993. Spring behaviour of the plum curculio, (Coleoptera Curculionidae), within caged dwarf apple trees in spring. Journal of Insect Behavior, 5: 385394.
Coombs, A. 2001. Trap designs and attractants for monitoring plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst). M.Sc. thesis. Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America.
Ehara, S. 1964. Some mites of the families Phytoseiidae and Blattisocidae from Japan (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Series VI, Zoology, 15: 378394.
Eller, F.J.Bartelt, R.J. 1996. Grandisoic acid a male produced aggregation pheromone from the plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar. Journal of Natural Products, 59: 451453.
Elzinga, R.J.Broce, A.B. 1988. Hypopi (Acari: Histiostomatidae) on house flies (Diptera: Muscidae): a case of detrimental phoresy. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 61: 208213.
Hoffmann, E.J., Vanderjagt, J., Whalon, M.E. 2007. Pyriproxyfen reproduction in prediapause northern strain plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar Herbst). Pest Management Science, 63: 835840.
Holte, A.E., Houck, M.A., Collie, N.L. 2001. Potential role of parasitism in the evolution of mutualism in astigmatid mites: Hemisarcoptes cooremani as a model. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 25: 97107.
Le Blanc, J.P.R. 1992. Trapping and monitoring techniques for plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst), (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in a southwestern Quebec apple orchard. Ph.D. dissertation. McGill University, Québec, Canada.
Prokopy, R.J., Sylvia, J., Cooley, S., Phelan, P.L. 1995. Bioassay approaches to assessing behavioral responses of plum curculio adults (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to host fruit odor. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 21: 10731084.
Racette, G., Chouinard, G., Hill, S.B., Vincent, C. 1991. Activity of adult plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on apple trees in spring. Journal of Economic Entomology, 84: 18271832.
Scheucher, R. 1957. Systematik und Ökologie der deutschen Anoetinen. Beiträge zur Systematik und Ökologie mitteleuropäischer Acarina, 1: 233384.
Smith, B.P. 1988. Host–parasite interaction and impact of larval water mites on insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 33: 487507.
Smith, E.H. 1957. A method for rearing plum curculio under laboratory conditions including some biological observations. Journal of Economic Entomology, 50: 187190.
Smith, E.H.Salkeld, E.H. 1964. Ovary development and oviposition rates in the plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 57: 781787.
Thompson, J.R. 1932. Sex differentiation of adults of Conotrachelus nenuphar. Journal of Economic Entomology, 25: 807810.
Whalon, M., Nortman, D., Wise, J., Gut, L., Epstein, D. 2006. Plum curculio management and spray timing. Michigan State University Fruit Crop Advisory Team Newsletter, 21: 13.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Canadian Entomologist
  • ISSN: 0008-347X
  • EISSN: 1918-3240
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-entomologist
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed