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Selection of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) strains that are susceptible or refractory to Dengue-2 virus

  • Paola A. Caicedo (a1), Olga L. Barón (a1), Mauricio Pérez (a1), Neal Alexander (a1), Carl Lowenberger (a2) and Clara B. Ocampo (a1)...

Abstract

The vector competence (VC) of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae) varies geographically and is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that influence VC may help develop novel control strategies. The selection of susceptible and refractory strains is the first step in this process. We collected immature A. aegypti in the field and established strains that were susceptible and refractory to Dengue-2 virus by isofamily selection through several generations. Infection was detected by immunofluorescence of head or midgut tissues to determine infection barriers and the % of VC by tissue. We selected three strains: Susceptible (Cali-S) (96.4% susceptible at F19), Refractory with a midgut escape barrier (Cali-MEB) (44.1% refractory at F15), and Refractory with a midgut infection barrier (Cali-MIB) (40% refractory at F16). The effects of the infection were measured using Kaplan–Meier survival rates over the first seven generations. All selected strains showed a similar decrease in survival and in the number of eggs laid/female through the seven generations, suggesting that changes were a result of the selection process rather than the virus infection. The results of this study suggest that VC is associated with multiple genes, which have additive effects on susceptibility.

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1Corresponding author (e-mail: claraocampo@cideim.org.co).

References

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Selection of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) strains that are susceptible or refractory to Dengue-2 virus

  • Paola A. Caicedo (a1), Olga L. Barón (a1), Mauricio Pérez (a1), Neal Alexander (a1), Carl Lowenberger (a2) and Clara B. Ocampo (a1)...

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