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Some Characteristics of Simple Types of Predation and Parasitism1

  • C. S. Holling (a1)

In an earlier study (Holling, 1959) the basic and subsidiary components of predation were demonstrated in a predator-prey situation involving the predation of sawfly cocoons by small mammals. One of the basic components, termed the functional response, was a response of the consumption of prey by individual predators to changes of prey density, and it appeared to be at least theoretically important in population regulation: Because of this importance the functional response has been further examined in an attempt to explain its characteristics.

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Thomas Burnett . 1951. Effects of temperature and host density on the rate of increase of an insect parasite. Am. Nat. 85: 337352.

Thomas Burnett . 1954. Influences of natural temperatures and controlled host densities on oviposition of an insect parasite. Physiological Zoology 27: 239248.

P. De Bach , and H. S. Smith . 1941. The effect of host density on the rate of reproduction of entomophagous parasites. J. Econ. Ent. 34: 741745.

G. F. Gause 1934. The struggle for existence. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.

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The Canadian Entomologist
  • ISSN: 0008-347X
  • EISSN: 1918-3240
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-entomologist
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