Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 27
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Saari, Susanna Richter, Scott Higgins, Michael Oberhofer, Martina Jennings, Andrew and Faeth, Stanley H. 2016. Urbanization is not associated with increased abundance or decreased richness of terrestrial animals - dissecting the literature through meta-analysis. Urban Ecosystems,


    Santos, M. N. 2016. Research on urban ants: approaches and gaps. Insectes Sociaux, Vol. 63, Issue. 3, p. 359.


    Savage, Amy M. Hackett, Britné Guénard, Benoit Youngsteadt, Elsa K. Dunn, Robert R. Schonrogge, Karsten and Orivel, Jerome 2015. Fine-scale heterogeneity across Manhattan's urban habitat mosaic is associated with variation in ant composition and richness. Insect Conservation and Diversity, Vol. 8, Issue. 3, p. 216.


    Park, Sang-Hyun Hosoishi, Shingo Ogata, Kazuo and Kuboki, Yuzuru 2014. Clustering of ant communities and indicator species analysis using self-organizing maps. Comptes Rendus Biologies, Vol. 337, Issue. 9, p. 545.


    Philpott, Stacy M. Cotton, Julie Bichier, Peter Friedrich, Russell L. Moorhead, Leigh C. Uno, Shinsuke and Valdez, Monica 2014. Local and landscape drivers of arthropod abundance, richness, and trophic composition in urban habitats. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 513.


    Ives, Christopher D. Taylor, Mark Patrick Nipperess, David A. and Hose, Grant C. 2013. Effect of catchment urbanization on ant diversity in remnant riparian corridors. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 110, p. 155.


    Magura, Tibor Nagy, Dávid and Tóthmérész, Béla 2013. Rove beetles respond heterogeneously to urbanization. Journal of Insect Conservation, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 715.


    Kavazos, Christopher R.J. and Wallman, James F. 2012. Community composition of carrion-breeding blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) along an urban gradient in south-eastern Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 106, Issue. 2, p. 183.


    Rust, Michael K. and Su, Nan-Yao 2012. Managing Social Insects of Urban Importance. Annual Review of Entomology, Vol. 57, Issue. 1, p. 355.


    Bang, Christofer and Faeth, Stanley H. 2011. Variation in arthropod communities in response to urbanization: Seven years of arthropod monitoring in a desert city. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 103, Issue. 3-4, p. 383.


    Ives, Christopher D. Hose, Grant C. Nipperess, David A. and Taylor, Mark Patrick 2011. Environmental and landscape factors influencing ant and plant diversity in suburban riparian corridors. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 103, Issue. 3-4, p. 372.


    Ives, Christopher D. Hose, Grant C. Nipperess, David A. and Taylor, Mark Patrick 2011. The influence of riparian corridor width on ant and plant assemblages in northern Sydney, Australia. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 14, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    Menke, Sean B. Guénard, Benoit Sexton, Joseph O. Weiser, Michael D. Dunn, Robert R. and Silverman, Jules 2011. Urban areas may serve as habitat and corridors for dry-adapted, heat tolerant species; an example from ants. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 14, Issue. 2, p. 135.


    Oliver, Amanda J. Hong-Wa, Cynthia Devonshire, Jodi Olea, Kelly R. Rivas, Gonzalo F. and Gahl, Megan K. 2011. Avifauna richness enhanced in large, isolated urban parks. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 102, Issue. 4, p. 215.


    Toennisson, T. A. Sanders, N. J. Klingeman, W. E. and Vail, K. M. 2011. Influences on the Structure of Suburban Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Communities and the Abundance of Tapinoma sessile. Environmental Entomology, Vol. 40, Issue. 6, p. 1397.


    Verdú, José R. Numa, Catherine and Hernández-Cuba, Olmo 2011. The influence of landscape structure on ants and dung beetles diversity in a Mediterranean savanna—Forest ecosystem. Ecological Indicators, Vol. 11, Issue. 3, p. 831.


    Coudrain, Valérie Arlettaz, Raphaël and Schaub, Michael 2010. Food or nesting place? Identifying factors limiting Wryneck populations. Journal of Ornithology, Vol. 151, Issue. 4, p. 867.


    FAN, Yun-Long CHEN, Hu SU, Xiao-Liang and ZHANG, Fang-Ting 2010. Review of the research on soil animals in degraded ecosystem. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, Vol. 18, Issue. 3, p. 668.


    Ivanov, Kaloyan and Keiper, Joe 2010. Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) diversity and community composition along sharp urban forest edges. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 19, Issue. 14, p. 3917.


    Uno, Shinsuke Cotton, Julie and Philpott, Stacy M. 2010. Diversity, abundance, and species composition of ants in urban green spaces. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 425.


    ×

The effects of urbanization on ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) associated with the Molson Nature Reserve, Quebec

  • Jean-Philippe Lessard (a1) and Christopher M. Buddle (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/n04-055
  • Published online: 01 April 2012
Abstract
Abstract

Urbanization causes the fragmentation of natural habitats into isolated patches surrounded by anthropogenic habitats. Fragment size and the intensity of human disturbance have been shown to affect both composition and diversity of arthropod communities, but most groups have been understudied. We investigated effects of urbanization on ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in and around the Molson Reserve, a preserved maple-beech forest surrounded by residential properties near Montréal, Quebec. We studied how local ant assemblages differed in terms of composition, abundance, and species richness, depending on whether they were situated in the interior forest, in adjacent residential backyards, or at the edge between these two habitats. We also compared an intact forest interior with a younger and moderately disturbed forest (“buffer zone”) between the urban matrix and the interior forest. Few differences were detected between the buffer zone and the intact forest interior. Extrapolated estimates of species richness suggest that it is lowest in the forest interior and highest in urban zones. Community composition, as investigated with ordination analysis, revealed a clear difference between the fauna of urban sites and the fauna of edges and forest interiors, and analyzing the relative abundance of ants showed residential backyards to contain the most ants. Urban assemblages were characterized by several competitively dominant species, including one introduced or “tramp” species. The occurrence of aggressive and dominant species in urban sites and at the edges of the Molson Reserve could potentially interfere with the dispersal and immigration of ground-dwelling arthropods and negatively affect local diversity or community composition in isolated forest reserves in urban centres.

Résumé

L'urbanisation fragmente les habitats naturels et les isole au sein d'espaces habités et modifiés par l'homme. Des études menées à l'échelle régionale suggèrent que la taille des îlots forestiers, ainsi que les perturbations humaines, affectent leur composition et la diversité des communautés d'arthropodes y habitant. Cependant, pour de nombreux autres groupes d'arthropodes ces effets n'ont pas encore été adéquatement testés. Nous avons exploré les effets de l'urbanisation sur les communautés de fourmis (Hymemoptera : Formicidae) à l'intérieur et aux alentours de réserves Molson, une érablière à hêtre adjacente à des propriétés résidentielles près de Montréal, Québec. Nous avons étudié comment l'assemblage des communautés de fourmis diffère en terme de composition et de richesse spécifique, en fonction de leur localisation, soit à l'intérieur de la forêt, de terrains résidentiels adjacents ou dans l'écotone séparant ces deux habitats. Nous avons aussi comparé le centre d'une forêt vierge avec celle d'une forêt plus jeune modérément perturbée qui tient le rôle d'un gradient plus traditionnel (« zone tampon ») entre la matrice urbaine et l'intérieur de la forêt. Bien que peu de différence ne fusse détectée entre la foret vierge et la zone tampon, l'extrapolation de la richesse spécifique suggère que l'intérieur de la forêt est dotée d'une richesse spécifique plus basse, tandis que la zone urbaine comprend une richesse spécifique plus élevé. Comparativement à l'intérieur et à la lisière des forêts, les fourmis sont plus fréquemment collectées dans les terrains résidentiels, et sont composées de plusieurs espèces dominatrices, incluant des espèces introduites ou vagabondes. L'occurrence d'espèces de fourmis agressives et dominantes dans les sites urbains et dans les lisières (écotones) de la réserve Molson pourrait potentiellement interférer avec la dispersion et l'immigration des arthropodes terrestres, et affecter négativement la diversité locale ou la composition des communautés au sein des réserves forestières isolées dans les centres urbains.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Corresponding author (e-mail: chris.buddle@mcgill.ca).
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A.N. Andersen 1997 b. Functional groups and patterns of organization in North American ant communities: a comparison with Australia. Journal of Biogeography, 24: 433460.

B.T. Bestelmeyer 2000. The trade-off between thermal tolerance and behavioural dominance in a subtropical South American ant community. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69: 9981009.

D.T. Bolger , A.V. Suarez , K.R. Crooks , S.A. Morrison , and T.J. Case 2000. Arthropods in urban habitat fragments in southern California: area, age, and edge effects. Ecological Applications, 10: 12301248.

S. Carpintero , J. Reyes-López , and L.A. de Reyna 2004. Impact of human dwellings on the distribution of the exotic Argentine ant: a case study in the Doñana National Park, Spain. Biological Conservation, 115(2): 279289.

J. Dauber , and V. Wolters 2004. Edge effects on ant community structure and species richness in an agricultural landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13: 901915.

P.J. Folgarait 1998. Ant biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem functioning: a review. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7: 12211244.

E.A. Forys , C.R. Allen , and D.P. Wojcik 2002. Distribution of the red imported fire ant in the Lower Florida Keys: effects of human development and roads and spatial overlap with vulnerable rare species. Biological Conservation, 108: 2733.

H. Gibb , and D.F. Hochuli 2002. Habitat fragmentation in an urban environment: large and small fragments support different arthropod assemblages. Biological Conservation, 106: 91100.

H. Gibb , and D.F. Hochuli 2003. Colonisation by a dominant ant facilitated by anthropogenic disturbance: effects on an ant assemblage composition, biomass and resource use. Oikos, 103: 469478.

N.J. Gotelli , and A.E. Arnett 2000. Biogeographic effects of red fire ant invasion. Ecology Letters, 3: 257261.

N. Gotelli , and A.M. Ellison 2002. Biogeography at a regional scale: determinants of ant species density in New England bogs and forests. Ecology, 83: 16041609.

A.G. Hart , and F.L.W. Ratnieks 2002. Waste management in the leaf-cutting ant Atta colombica. Behavioral Ecology, 13: 224231.

B. Holldobler , and E.O. Wilson 1990. The ants. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

H.H. Kim 1992. Urban heat-island. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 13: 23192336.

P. Matson 1990. The use of urban gradients in ecological studies. Ecology, 71: 1231.

N.E. McIntyre , J. Rango , W.F. Fagan , and S.H. Faeth 2001. Ground arthropod community structure in a heterogeneous urban environment. Landscape and Urban Planning, 52: 257274.

J. Niemelä , J. Kotze , A. Ashworth , P. Brandmayr , K. Desender , T. New 2000. The search for common anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity: a global network. Journal of Insect Conservation, 4: 39.

J. Niemelä , D.J. Kotze , S. Venn , L. Penev , I. Stoyanov , J. Spence 2002. Carabid beetle assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae) across urban-rural gradients: an international comparison. Landscape Ecology, 17: 387401.

N.J. Sanders , N.J. Gotelli , N.E. Heller , and D.M. Gordon 2003. Community disassembly by an invasive species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100: 24742477.

A.V. Suarez , D.T. Bolger , and T.J. Case 1998. The effects of fragmentation and invasion on the native ant community in coastal southern California. Ecology, 79: 20412056.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Canadian Entomologist
  • ISSN: 0008-347X
  • EISSN: 1918-3240
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-entomologist
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×