1.Zimny, GH, Senturia, AG.Medical specialty counseling: a survey. J Med Ed 1973;48:336–42.
2.Zimny, GH, Senturia, AG.Medical student utilization of the medical specialty preference inventory. J Med Ed 1973;48:1019–20.
3.Wasserman, E, Yufit, RI, Pollock, GH.Medical specialty choice and personality: outcome and postgraduate follow-up results. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1969;21:529–35.
4.Babbott, D, Baldwin, D, Jolly, P, Williams, DJ.The stability of early specialty preferences among US medical school graduates in 1983. JAMA 1988;259(13):1970–5.
5.Geertsma, RH, Grinols, DR.Specialty choice in medicine. J Med Ed 1972;47:509–17.
6.Rabinowitz, HK, Rosenthal, MP, Diamond, JJ, Turner, TN.Alternate career choices of medical students: their relationship to choice of specialty. Fam Med 1993;25(10):665–7.
7.Kassebaum, DG, Szenas, PL.Factors influencing the specialty choices of 1993 medical school graduates. Acad Med 1994;69: 163–70.
8.Tudor, C.Career plans and debt levels of graduating US medical students, 1981–1986. J Med Ed 1988;63:271–5.
9.Brooks, CH.The influence of medical school clinical experiences on career preferences: a multidimensional perspective. Soc Sci Med 1991;32:327–32.
10.Coker, RE, Back, KW, Donnelly, TG, et al. The medical student specialization and general practice. J Med Ed 1960;35:518–27.
11.Kendall, PL, Selvin, HC.Tendencies towards specialization in medical training. In: Merton, RK, et al, editors. The student-physician: introductory studies in the sociology of medical education. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press; 1957.
12.Monk, MA, Terris, M.Factors in student choice of medical specialty. N Engl J Med 1956;255:1135–40.
13.Cohen, JJ, Bowman, MA, DeAngelis, C, Dickler, RM, Fallon, HJ, Ferrar, J, et al. AAMC policy on the generalist physician. Acad Med 1993;68(1):1–6.
14.Ruhnke, GW.Residencies and employment under managed care: a medical student’s view. Health Aff (Millwood) 1996;15:113–7.
15.Scherger, JE, Beasley, JW, Gaebe, GI, Swee, DE, Kahn, NB, Rodney, WM.Responses to questions about family practice as a career [review]. Am Fam Physician 1992;46(1):115–25.
16.ABEM reports to the SAEM Scientific Assembly, 1985–1999. East Lansing (MI): American Board of Emergency Medicine.
17.National Resident Matching Program. NRMP data 1998. Washington (DC): Association of American Medical Colleges; 1998.
18.Graduate Medical Education: Appendix II. JAMA 1993;270(9): 1116–22.
19.Schwartz, RW, Jarecky, RK, Strodel, WE, Haley, JV, Young, B, Griffen, WO.Controllable lifestyle: a new factor in career choice by medical students. Acad Med 1989;64(10):606–9.
20.Xu, G, Hojat, M, Veloski, JJ.Emergency medicine career change: associations with performances in medical school and in the first postgraduate year and with indebtedness. Acad Emerg Med 1994;1(5):443–7.
21.Xu, G, Veloski, J.A comparison of Jefferson Medical College graduates who chose emergency medicine with those who chose other specialties. Acad Med 1991;66(6):367–8.
22.Chapman, JJ, Weiss, SJ, Haynes, ML, Ernst, AA.Impact of EMS education on emergency medicine ability and career choices of medical students. Prehosp Emerg Care 1999;3(2):163–6.
23.Gallagher, EJ, Goldfrank, LR, Anderson, GV Jr, Barsan, WG, Levy, RC, Sanders, AB, et al. Role of emergency medicine residency programs in determining emergency medicine career choice among medical students. Ann Emerg Med 1994;23(5):1062–7.
24.Zeumer, CM, Coates, WC, Lewis, RJ.Why do students choose a career in emergency medicine? [abstract]. Acad Emerg Med 1995;2:411.
25.David, CT, Diebold, SE.Factors influencing applicants’ rank order list for the NRMP match [abstract 89]. Ann Emerg Med 1993;22:910.
26.Holliman, CJ, Wuertz, RC, Hirshberg, AJ.Analysis of factors affecting emergency physician workforce projections. Acad Emerg Med 1997;4:731–5.
27.Moorhead, JC, Gallery, ME, Mannle, T, Chaney, WC, Conrad, LC, Dalsey, WC, et al. A study of the workforce in emergency medicine. Ann Emerg Med 1998;31(5):595–607.
28.Tardiff, K, Cella, D, Seiferth, C, Perry, S.Selection and change of specialties by medical school graduates. J Med Ed 1986;61:790–6.
29.Chernow, SM, Emerman, CL, Langdorf, M, Schultz, C.Academic emergency medicine: a national profile with and without emergency medicine residency programs. Ann Emerg Med 1992;21(8):947–51.
30.Marple, RI, L, Kroenke, K.Third-year medical student attitudes toward internal medicine. Arch Intern Med 1994;154:2459–64.
31.McMurray, JE, Schwartz, MD, Genero, NP, Linzer, M.The attractiveness of internal medicine: a qualitative analysis of the experiences of female and male medical students. Ann Intern Med 1993;119:812–8.
32.Park, R.AAMC data report: graduating medical students’ debt and specialty choices. Acad Med 1990;65:485–6.
33.Dial, TH, Elliot, PR.Relationship of scholarships and indebtedness to medical students’ career plans. J Med Ed 1987;62:316–24.
34.Silliman, A.Debt, moonlighting and career decisions among internal medicine residents. J Med Ed 1987;62:463–9.
35.Bazzoli, GJ, Culler, SD.Factors affecting residents’ decisions to moonlight. J Med Ed 1986;61:797–802.
36.Kazzi, AA, Munden, S, Handly, N, Langdorf, MI.EM Board certification, moonlighting and educational debt: profile of attitudes of the 1996 residency applicant pool. Eur J Emerg Med 1998;5:163.
37.Li, J, Tabor, R, Martinez, M.Survey of moonlighting practices and work requirements of emergency medicine residents. Am J Emerg Med 2000;18(2):147–51.