Skip to main content
×
×
Home

PL03: Prophylactic administration of diphenhydramine to reduce neuroleptic side-effects in the acute care setting: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • A. Mokhtari (a1), O. Yip (a1), J. Alain (a1), A. Turgeon (a1) and S. Berthelot (a1)...
Abstract

Introduction: Neuroleptics are commonly used drugs to treat different conditions (e.g. psychosis, migraines) in the acute care setting and the emergency department. Their side effects can be disabling or, worse, fatal. The use of diphenhydramine to prevent those side-effects is widespread, but remains controversial. We performed a systematic review to determine if prophylactic administration of diphenhydramine (PAD) reduces the incidence of neuroleptic side-effects. Methods: Data sources: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsycInfo and Web of Science were searched. References from reviews that were identified in the search and from included studied were also reviewed for inclusion. Study selection: Randomized controlled trials evaluating any neuroleptic with PAD versus the same neuroleptic alone or with any inactive agent. Primary outcome was incidence of any extra-pyramidal side-effect. Secondary outcomes were akathisia, usage of rescue medication, subjective restlessness, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, sedation and sedation intensity. Data extraction: Independent reviewers scanned identified citations, extracted data and assessed for risk of bias. Data analysis: Meta-analysis was performed using random effect models. Heterogeneity and quality of evidence were assessed using, respectively, I2 and the GRADE approach. Results: Results: Of 1566 identified citations, nine studies (n=1436) met all eligibility criteria. Four studies were specifically designed to assess for neuroleptic side-effects. Four studies were at high risk of bias. In primary analysis, PAD had no effect on the incidence of extra-pyramidal symptoms (7 studies, n=1393 patients, RR 0.70 [0.40-1.22]), akathisia (5 studies, n=1094 patients, RR 0.81 [0.36-1.82]) and sedation (5 studies; n=1079, RR 1,48 [0.90-2.42]). Higher dosage of diphenhydramine was not associated with a greater reduction of extra-pyramidal side-effects. In a sensitivity analysis excluding an outlier study (n=120, RR 6.63 [1.55-28,35]), PAD was associated with a significant decrease in extra-pyramidal side-effects (6 studies, n=1273, RR 0.56 [0,38-0.82]), but not with any of the secondary outcome measures. Conclusion: Conclusion: When excluding an outlier study, PAD was associated with a significant reduction of extra-pyramidal side-effects. However, PAD did not significantly influence the incidence of akathisia. Overall quality of evidence is low. Further studies are warranted. PAD represents an interesting treatment option against neuroleptic side-effects, but its widespread usage whitout strong evidence to support it raises concerns.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      PL03: Prophylactic administration of diphenhydramine to reduce neuroleptic side-effects in the acute care setting: a systematic review and meta-analysis
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      PL03: Prophylactic administration of diphenhydramine to reduce neuroleptic side-effects in the acute care setting: a systematic review and meta-analysis
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      PL03: Prophylactic administration of diphenhydramine to reduce neuroleptic side-effects in the acute care setting: a systematic review and meta-analysis
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1481-8035
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-emergency-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 18 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 90 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 11th May 2018 - 14th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.