1Tator, CH.Let’s standardize the definition of concussion and get reliable incidence data. Can J Neurol Sci. 2009;36(4):405–6.
2Engrossed Substitute House Bill 1824, 61st Legislature, 2009 Regular Session. (2009).
3Tator, CH.Concussions are brain injuries and should be taken seriously. Can J Neurol Sci. 2009;36(3):269–70.
4Cusimano, M.Canadian minor hockey participants’ knowledge about concussion. Can J Neurol Sci. 2009;36(3):315–20.
5Willer, B, Dumas, J, Hutson, A, Leddy, J.A population based investigation of head injuries and symptoms of concussion of children and adolescents in schools. Inj Prev. 2004;10:144–8.
6Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Report to Congress on mild traumatic brain injury in the United States: steps to prevent a serious public health problem. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2003.
7McCrory, P, Meeuwisse, W, Johnston, K, et al.Consensus statement on concussion in sport 3rd international conference on concussion in sport held in Zurich, November 2008. Clin J Sport Med. 2009;19:185–200.
8Tator, CH.Brain injury is a major problem in Canada and annual incidence is not declining. Can J Neurol Sci. 2010;37(6):714–15.
9Colantonio, A, Saverino, C, Zagorski, B, et al.Hospitalizations and emergency department visits for TBI in Ontario. Can J Neurol Sci. 2010;37(6):783–90.
10Ropper, A, Gorson, K.Concussion. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:166–72.
11Practice parameter: the management of concussion in sports. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee. Neurology. 1997;48(3): 581–5.
12Bazarian, J, Veenema, T, Brayer, A.Knowledge of concussion guidelines among practitioners caring for children. Clin Pediatr. 2001;40:207–12.
13Guilmette, T, Malia, L, Mcguiggan, M.Concussion understanding and management among New England high school football coaches. Brain Inj. 2007;21(10):1039–47.
14Covassin, T, Elbin, R, Stiller-Ostrowski, JL.Current sport-related concussion teaching and clinical practices of sports medicine professionals. J Athl Train. 2009;44(4):400–4.
15King, NS, Kirwilliam, S.Permanent post-concussion symptoms after mild head injury. Brain Inj. 2001;25(5):462–70.
16Cantu, RC, Voy, R.Second impact syndrome: a risk in any contact sport. Phys Sportsmed. 1995;23:27–34.
17Wetjen, N, Pichelmann, M, Atkinson, J.Second impact syndrome: concussion and second injury brain complications. J Am Coll Surg. 2010;211:553–7.
18McQuillen, J, McQuillen, E, Morrow, P.Trauma, sport, and malignant cerebral edema. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1988;9: 12–15.
19Gavett, B, Stern, R, McKee, A.Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: a potential late effect of sport-related concussive and subconcussive head trauma. Clin Sports Med. 2010;30:179–88.
20Zafonte, R, Discussant, DO.Diagnosis and management of sportsrelated concussion. JAMA. 2011;306(1):79–86.
21Demorest, RA, Bernhardt, DT, Best, TM, Landry, GL.Pediatric residency education: is sports medicine getting its fair share? Pediatrics. 2005;115(1):28–33.
22Ryu, WHA, Feinstin, A, Colantonio, C, Streiner, DL, Dawson, DR.Early identification of mild TBI in Ontario. Can J Neurol Sci. 2009;36:429–35.
25CDC.org [Internet]. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [updated 2011 September 9; cited 2011 September 10]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/
27Guilmette, T, Paglia, M.The public’s misconceptions about traumatic brain injury: a follow up survey. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2004;19:183–9.
28Ferrara, M, McCrea, M, Peterson, C, Guskiewicz, K.A survey of practice patterns in concussion assessment and management. J Athl Train. 2001;36:145–9.