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No Association of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency with Multiple Sclerosis

  • Robert J Fox (a1), Claudiu Diaconu (a2), Leasa Baus (a3), Alia Grattan (a4), Irene Katzan (a3), Jar-Chi Lee (a5), Larry Raber (a3), Alexander Rae-Grant (a1), Sneha Ramesh (a1), Mei Lu (a6) and Esther SH Kim (a4)...
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      No Association of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency with Multiple Sclerosis
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      No Association of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency with Multiple Sclerosis
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Abstract
Copyright
This is an open access article, distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence to: Robert J Fox, Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, U10, Cleveland, OH 44120, USA. Email: foxr@ccf.org
References
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1. Zamboni, P, Galeotti, R, Menegatti, E, et al. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009;80:392-399.
2. Zivadinov, R, Marr, K, Cutter, G, et al. Prevalence, Sensitivity and Specificity of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency in MS. Neurology. 2011;77:138-144.
3. Khan, O, Tselis, A. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis: science or science fiction? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011;82:355.
4. Tromba, L, Blasi, S, Vestri, A, Kiltzanidi, D, Tartaglia, F, Redler, A. Prevalence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis: a blinded sonographic evaluation. Phlebology. 2015;30:52-60.
5. Doepp, F, Paul, F, Valdueza, JM, Schmierer, K, Schreiber, SJ. No cerebrocervical venous congestion in patients with multiple sclerosis. Ann. Neurol. 2010;68:173-183.
6. Baracchini, C, Perini, P, Calabrese, M, Causin, F, Rinaldi, F, Gallo, P. No evidence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency at multiple sclerosis onset. Ann Neurol. 2011;69:90-99.
7. Van den Berg, PJ, Van den Berg, GB, Westerhuis, LW, Visser, LH. Occurrence of CCSVI in patients with MS and its relationship with iron metabolism and varicose veins. Eur J Neurol. 2013;20:519-526.
8. Rodger, IW, Dilar, D, Dwyer, J, et al. Evidence against the involvement of chronic cerebrospinal venous abnormalities in multiple sclerosis. A case-control study. PLoS One. 2013;8:e72495.
9. Valdueza, JM, Doepp, F, Schreiber, SJ, et al. What went wrong? The flawed concept of cerebrospinal venous insufficiency. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013;33:657-668.
10. BNAC. Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center. http://www.bnac.net/. Accessed 2 June, 2014.
11. Kim, SH, Diaconu, C, Fox, RJ, et al. Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency: Pitfalls and Perils of Ultrasound Assessment. J Ultrasound Med. 2015;34:1097-1106.
12. Zivadinov, R, Bastianello, S, Dake, MD, et al. Recommendations for multimodal noninvasive and invasive screening for detection of extracranial venous abnormalities indicative of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency: a position statement of the International Society for Neurovascular Disease. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2014;25:1785-94 e1717.
13. Barreto, AD, Brod, SA, Bui, TT, et al. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency: case-control neurosonography results. Ann Neurol. 2013;73:721-728.
14. Traboulsee, AL, Knox, KB, Machan, L, et al. Prevalence of extracranial venous narrowing on catheter venography in people with multiple sclerosis, their siblings, and unrelated healthy controls: a blinded, case-control study. Lancet. 2014;383:138-145.
15. Costello, F, Modi, J, Lautner, D, et al. Validity of the diagnostic criteria for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and association with multiple sclerosis. CMAJ. 2014;186:E418-E426.
16. Comi, G, Battaglia, MA, Bertolotto, A, et al. Observational case-control study of the prevalence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis: results from the CoSMo study. Mult Scler. 2013;19:1508-1517.
17. Zivadinov, R, Marr, K, Cutter, G, et al. Prevalence, sensitivity, and specificity of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in MS. Neurology. 2011;77:138-144.
18. Leone, MA, Raymkulova, O, Naldi, P, et al. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency is not associated with multiple sclerosis and its severity: a blind-verified study. PLoS One. 2013;8:e56031.
19. Nicolaides, AN, Morovic, S, Menegatti, E, Viselner, G, Zamboni, P. Screening for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) using ultrasound: recommendations for a protocol. Funct Neurol. 2011;26:229-248.
20. Zamboni, P, Morovic, S, Menegatti, E, Viselner, G, Nicolaides, AN. Screening for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) using ultrasound--recommendations for a protocol. Int Angiol. Dec 2011 30 571-597.
21. Al-Omari, MH, Rousan, LA. Internal jugular vein morphology and hemodynamics in patients with multiple sclerosis. Int Angiol. 2010;29:115-120.
22. Diaconu, CI, Fox, RJ, Grattan, A, et al. Hydration status substantially affects chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency assessments. Neurol Clin Pract. 2013;3:386-391.
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Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences
  • ISSN: 0317-1671
  • EISSN: 2057-0155
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-neurological-sciences
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