Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Negotiating Aboriginal Self-Government Agreements in Canada: An Analysis of the Inuvialuit Experience

  • Christopher Alcantara (a1) and Adrienne Davidson (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

In 1973, the federal government of Canada invited Aboriginal groups to enter into comprehensive land claims negotiations to settle outstanding claims not addressed by historical treaties. After eight years of negotiations, the Inuvialuit became the second group in Canada to sign a modern treaty, doing so in 1984. Missing from that agreement, however, was a self-government chapter, which was not open to negotiation at that time. In 1996, the Inuvialuit initiated self-government negotiations with the Crown but have yet to conclude an agreement despite increased institutional capacity. What explains this puzzle? Drawing upon the existing literature on land claims negotiations, Aboriginal self-government and historical institutionalism, we analyze a variety of primary and secondary sources to argue that a number of institutional and non-institutional factors have prevented the Inuvialuit from successfully completing self-government negotiations with the Crown.

Résumé

En 1973, le gouvernement fédéral du Canada a invité les groupes autochtones à entreprendre des négociations exhaustives en vue de régler les revendications territoriales n'ayant jamais fait l'objet de traités historiques. Après huit ans de négociations, les Inuvialuit sont devenus en 1984 le deuxième groupe d'Autochtones du Canada à signer un traité de l’époque moderne. Cette entente ne comportait toutefois aucune clause d'autonomie gouvernementale, qui ne pouvait à l’époque faire l'objet de négociation. Les Inuvialuit ont entrepris en 1996 des négociations avec la Couronne visant l'autonomie gouvernementale, mais une entente reste à être conclue malgré une capacité accrue de former des institutions. Quelle est la clef de cette énigme? À partir d'une analyse de la documentation actuelle sur les négociations en matière de revendications territoriales, sur l'autonomie gouvernementale des peuples autochtones et sur l'institutionnalisme dans l'histoire, nous avons étudié un certain nombre de sources de première et de seconde mains pour en arriver à la conclusion que certains facteurs institutionnels et non institutionnels ont empêché les Inuvialuit de réussir à négocier avec succès l'autonomie gouvernementale avec la Couronne.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Department of Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Ave. Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5, calcantara@wlu.ca
Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Sidney Smith Hall Room 3018, 100 St. George St., Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, adrienne.davidson@mail.utoronto.ca
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Frances Abele and Michael J. Prince . 2006. “Four Pathways to Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada.” American Review of Canadian Studies 36 (6): 568–95.

Christopher Alcantara , Kirk Cameron and Steven Kennedy . 2012. “Assessing Devolution in the Canadian North.” Arctic 65 (3): 328–38.

Christopher Alcantara and Gary Wilson . 2014. “The Dynamics of Intra-Jurisdictional Relations in the Inuit Regions of the Canadian Arctic: An Institutionalist Perspective.” Regional and Federal Studies 24 (1): 4361.

Arthur Benz . 2013. “Dimensions and Dynamics of Federal Regimes.” In Federal Dynamics, ed. Arthur Benz and Jörg Broschek , Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Peter Hall and Rosemary Taylor . 1996. “Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms.” Political Studies 44 (5): 936–57.

Geoffrey M. Hodgson 2006. “What are Institutions?Journal of Economic Issues 40 (1): 125.

Fritz Scharpf . 1994. “Games Real Actors Could Play.” Journal of Theoretical Politics 6 (1): 2753.

Gerald M. Sider 2014. Skin for Skin. Durham NC: Duke University Press.

Kathleen Thelen . 2009. “Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies.” British Journal of Industrial Relations. 47 (3): 471–98.

Gary Wilson . 2008. “Nested Federalism in Arctic Quebec.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 41 (1): 7192.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique
  • ISSN: 0008-4239
  • EISSN: 1744-9324
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-political-science-revue-canadienne-de-science-politique
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 23
Total number of PDF views: 128 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 377 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.