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La recherche avec les groupes d'entraide: les difficultés méthodologiques et les défis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2010

Francine Lavoie
Affiliation:
Université Laval
Francine Dufort
Affiliation:
Université Laval

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to review the difficulties associated with measuring self-help groups for what they are, and the methodology used. This report identifies issues inherent to research on self-help groups for the elderly. Elderly group participants sharing a common problem and meeting to discuss it without the benefit of professional support will, without doubt, become a more and more prevalent resource for use in the future. Consequently, it is imperative to ascertain which questions the researchers should be asking. Three research objectives are described: descriptive studies, process examination and the assessment of outcomes considered relevant to self-help groups. The discussion addresses three types of objects under study: the group participants, the group itself and the interorganizational ties established by the group, particularly in dealing with health service agencies.

Résumé

L'objectif est de proposer en ce qui concerne les recherches sur les groupes d'entraide une réflexion sur les difficultés liées à la mesure du phénomène et à la méthodologie. Cette démarche permet d'identifier les enjeux de la recherche sur les groupes d'entraide pour les personnes âgées. Ces regroupements de personnes partageant un problème et se réunissant pour en discuter sans l'appui d'intervenants professionnels formeront sans doute dans l'avenir une ressource de plus en plus utilisée par les personnes âgées. Il est donc urgent de cerner les questions à aborder par les chercheurs. Trois objectifs de recherche sont illustrés: la description, l'étude des processus et la mesure d'impacts pertinents aux groupes d'entraide. La discussion tient compte de trois types d'objets d'étude: les participants aux groupes, le groupe et les liens interorganisationnels établis par le groupe, notamment avec des services de santé.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 1995

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