Skip to main content
×
×
Home

La recherche avec les groupes d'entraide: les difficultés méthodologiques et les défis

  • Francine Lavoie (a1) and Francine Dufort (a1)
Abstract

The objective of this paper is to review the difficulties associated with measuring self-help groups for what they are, and the methodology used. This report identifies issues inherent to research on self-help groups for the elderly. Elderly group participants sharing a common problem and meeting to discuss it without the benefit of professional support will, without doubt, become a more and more prevalent resource for use in the future. Consequently, it is imperative to ascertain which questions the researchers should be asking. Three research objectives are described: descriptive studies, process examination and the assessment of outcomes considered relevant to self-help groups. The discussion addresses three types of objects under study: the group participants, the group itself and the interorganizational ties established by the group, particularly in dealing with health service agencies.

L'objectif est de proposer en ce qui concerne les recherches sur les groupes d'entraide une réflexion sur les difficultés liées à la mesure du phénomène et à la méthodologie. Cette démarche permet d'identifier les enjeux de la recherche sur les groupes d'entraide pour les personnes âgées. Ces regroupements de personnes partageant un problème et se réunissant pour en discuter sans l'appui d'intervenants professionnels formeront sans doute dans l'avenir une ressource de plus en plus utilisée par les personnes âgées. Il est donc urgent de cerner les questions à aborder par les chercheurs. Trois objectifs de recherche sont illustrés: la description, l'étude des processus et la mesure d'impacts pertinents aux groupes d'entraide. La discussion tient compte de trois types d'objets d'étude: les participants aux groupes, le groupe et les liens interorganisationnels établis par le groupe, notamment avec des services de santé.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Black, R.B., & Drachman, D. (1985). Hospital social workers and self-help groups. Health and Social Work, 10(2), 95103.
Borkman, T. (1982). Where are older persons in mutual self-help groups. Kolker, Dans A. & Ahmed, P.I. (éds.), Coping With Medical Issues: Aging. New York: Elsevier Biomedical.
Borkman, T. (1984). The elderly and their families involvement in mutual self-help groups. Manuscrit non-publié. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University.
Borkman, T. (1990). Self-help groups at the turning point: emerging egalitarian alliances with the formal health care system? American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(2), 321332.
Brault, M.-M., & Saint-Jean, L. (Éds.) (1990). Entraide et associations. Québec: Institut québécois de recherche sur la culture.
Collins, M.C. (1978). Child Abuser. A Study of Child Abusers in Self-help Group Therapy. Littleton, MA: PSG Publishers Co.
Deneke, C. (1983). How professionals view self-help. Pancoast, Dans D.L., Parler, P., & Froland, C. (Éds.), Rediscovering Self-help: Its Role in Social Care (pp. 125141). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Dumais, A., & Lévesque, J. (1986). L'auto-santé: Les individus et des groupes au Québec. Québec: Institut québécois de recherche sur la culture.
Dumas, P., & Lavoie, F. (1987). Le leadership dans les groupes d'entraide: un enjeu important. Conseil canadien de développement social. Initiative, bulletin d'entraide 4, 58 (français, anglais).
Fine, R. (1993). A study of seniors helping seniors. Stewart, Dans M. & Lavoie, F. (éds.), Self-help/Mutual Aid for Seniors: Research Challenges. Rapport d'une session de discussion à la réunion de l'Association canadienne de gérontologie à Montréal. Ottawa: Self Help Canada.
Gartner, A., & Riessman, F. (1977). Self-help in the Human Services. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Gidron, B., & Chesler, M. (1994). Universal and particular attributes of self-help: A framework for international and intranational analysis. Dans F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. Prevention in Human Services, 11(1/2), 144.
Goldklang, D.S. (1991). Research workshop on methodological issues in evaluating preventive interventions using mutual support. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19(5), 789795.
Gottlieb, B.H. (1982). Mutual-help groups: Members' views of their benefits and of roles for professionals. Prevention in Human Services, 1(3), 5567.
Gottlieb, B.H., & Peters, L. (1991). A national demographic portrait of mutual aid groups participants in Canada. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19(5), 651666.
Hasenfeld, Y., & Gidron, B. (1993). Self-help groups and human service organizations; an interorganizational perspective. Social Service Review, 2, 217236.
Hess, B.B. (1976). Self-help among the aged. Social Policy, 7, 5562.
Holleb, G.P., & Abrams, W.H. (1975). Alternatives in community mental health. Boston: Beacon Press.
Humphreys, K., & Moos, R. (1994). Integrating stress and coping theory and mutual help research. Article presenté à la 102e conférence de l'Association américaine de psychologie, Los Angeles, août.
Jacobs, M., & Goodman, G. (1989). Psychology and self-help groups: Predictions on a partnership. American Psychologist, 44(1), 110.
Kennedy, M., & Humphreys, K. (1994). Understanding worldview transformation in members of mutual help groups. Dans F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. (Numéro spécial.) Prevention in Human Services, 11(1/2), 181198.
Kurtz, L.F., Mann, K.B., & Chambon, A. (1987). Linking between social workers and mental health mutual-aid groups. Social work in Health Care, 13(1), 6978.
Lavoie, F. (1981). Modes d'évaluation des groupes d'entraide. Revue québécoise de psychologie, 2, 104117.
Lavoie, F. (1983). Les groupes d'entraide. Arseneau, Dans J., Bouchard, C., Bourgon, M., Goupil, G., Guay, J., Lavoie, F. & Perreault, R. (Éds.), Psycho-thérapies: Attention! (pp. 181199). Sillery, PQ: Québec Science.
Lavoie, F. (1984). Action research: A new model of interaction between the professional and self-help groups. Gartner, Dans A. & Riessman, F. (éds.), Mental Health and the Self-Help Revolution. New York: Human Science Press.
Lavoie, F. (1989). Évaluation des groupes d'entraide. Romeder, Dans J.M. et collaborateurs, Les groupes d'entraide et la santé. Nouvelles solidarités. Ottawa: Conseil canadien de développement social (version française et version anglaise).
Lavoie, F., Borkman, T., & Gidron, B. (1994). Preface. Dans F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. Prevention in Human Services, 11(1/2), xiii–xix.
Lavoie, F., Farquharson, A., & Kennedy, M. (1994a). Ethical Issues in Professional and Self-help Group Collaboration. (Cahiers de recherche de l'École de psychologie, No. 159.) Québec: Université Laval, École de psychologie.
Lavoie, F., Farquharson, A., & Kennedy, M. (1994b). Workshop on “good practice” and collaboration between professionals and mutual aid groups. Dans F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. Prevention in Human Services, 11(112), 303313.
Leventhal, G.S., Maton, K.I., & Madara, E.J. (1988). Systemic organizational support for self-help groups. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58(4), 592603.
Lieberman, M.A. (1989). Mutual-aid groups. An underutilized resource among the elderly. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 285319.
Lieberman, M.A., & Bliwise, N.G. (1985). Comparisons among peer and professionally directed groups for the elderly: Implications for the development of self-help groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 35(2), 155175.
Lieberman, M.A., & Gourash, N. (1979). Evaluating the effects of change groups on the elderly. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 29(3), 283304.
Lieberman, M.A., & Snowden, L.R. (1994). Problems in assessing prevalence and membership characteristics of self-help group participants. Powell, Dans T.J. (éd.), Understanding the self-help organization: Frameworks and findings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Lieberman, M.A., & Videka-Sherman, L. (1986). The impact of self-help groups on the mental health of widows and widowers. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56(3), 435449.
Lieberman, M.A., Yalom, I.D., & Miles, M.B. (1973). Encounter Groups: First Facts. New York: Basic Books.
Marmar, C.R., Horowitz, M.J., Weiss, D.S., Wilner, N.R., & Kaltreider, N.B. (1988). A controlled trial of brief psychotherapy and mutual-help group treatment for conjugal bereavement. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 203209.
Medvene, L.J., Lin, K., Wu, A., Mendoza, R., Harris, N., & Miller, M. (1994). Mexican American and Anglo American parents of the mentally ill: Attitudes and participation in family support groups. Dans F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. Prevention in Human Services, 11(1/2), 141163.
Meissen, G.J., Mason, W.C., & Gleason, D.F. (1991). Understanding the attitudes and intentions toward mutual-help of future professionals. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19, 699714.
Powell, T.J. (1987). Self-Help Organizations And Professional Practice. Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers.
Riessman, F. (1965). The “Helper-Therapy” principle. Social Work, 10, 2732.
Romeder, J.M. (1982). Les groupes d'entraide au Canada. Ottawa: Ministère de la Santé.
Romeder, J.M. (1989). Les groupes d'entraide et la santé; nouvelles solidarités. Ottawa: Conseil canadien de développement social (aussi publié en anglais sous le titre The Self-Help Way).
Romeder, J.M. (1993). Of surveys and definitions of self-help and mutual aid. Stewart, Dans M. & Lavoie, F. (éds.), Self-help/Mutual Aid for Seniors: Research Challenges. (Rapport d'une session de discussion à la réunion de l'Association canadienne de gérontologie à Montréal.) Ottawa: Self Help Canada.
Saulnier, C. (1991). Lesbian alcoholism: Development of a construct. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 6(3), 6684.
Schubert, M.A., & Borkman, T.J. (1991). An organizational typology for self-help groups. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19(5), 769787.
Segal, S.P., Silverman, C., & Temkin, T. (1994). Empowerment and self-help agency practice for people with mental disabilities. Social Work, 38(6), 705712.
Simard, I., & Lavoie, F. (1992). Evaluation of interorganizational relationships of a self-help group. Communication présentée à la Conférence internationale sur l'entraide. Ottawa, septembre.
Stewart, M.J. (1993). Integrating Social Support in Nursing. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Stewart, M.J., Banks, S., Crossman, D., & Poel, D. (1994). Partnerships between health professionals and self-help groups: Meanings and mechanisms. Dans F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. Prevention in Human Services, 11(1/2), 199240.
Todres, R. (1982). Professional attitudes, awareness and use of self-help groups. Prevention in Human Services, 1(3), 9198.
Vachon, M.L.S., Lyall, W.A.L., Rogers, J., Freedman-Letofsky, K., & Freeman, S.S.J. (1980). A controlled study of self-help intervention for widows. American Journal of Psychiatry, 137, 13801384.
von Appen, U. (1994). The development of self-help in Germany's new provinces (former East Germany): The case of Schwerin. In F. Lavoie, T. Borkman & B. Gidron (Éds.), Self-help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives. Prevention in Human Services, 11(1/2), 97116.
Wollert, R.W. (1986). Psychosocial helping procoesses in a heterogeneous sample of self-help groups. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 5(1), 6376.
Wollert, R.W. (1987). Human services and the self-help clearinghouse concept. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 6, 7990.
Wuthnow, B. (1994). Sharing the Journey. New York: Free Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
  • ISSN: 0714-9808
  • EISSN: 1710-1107
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-on-aging-la-revue-canadienne-du-vieillissement
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed