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Services Provided by Informal and Formal Caregivers to Seniors in Residential Continuing Care*

  • Norah Keating (a1), Janet Fast (a1), Donna Dosman (a1) and Jacquie Eales (a1)

Abstract

New approaches to residential continuing care for frail seniors include a shift toward more social care models that involve hiring multiskilled workers and expectations of family involvement as partners in care. Recall and stylized time-use methods were used to assess the types of tasks and amounts of service provided by family and staff caregivers in three models of care. Findings are that family members provide about 30 per cent of on-site services to residents. Family members spend most time in enhancing well-being, while staff spend most time in housework. Patterns of care differ across Adult Family Living, Assisted Living and Dementia Care settings. Sustainability of these patterns of care depends upon adequacy of staffing and reasonable expectations about family resources.

Au chapitre des nouvelles approches pour le soin des aînés fragiles en établissements figure l'adoption de modèles de soins sociaux qui se traduit par l'embauche de travailleurs polyvalents et la participation des membres de la famille à la prestation des soins. On a utilisé les méthodes de rappel et d'emplois du temps pour évaluer les types de tâches et la quantité de services fournis par la famille et le personnel soignant dans trois modèles de soins. Les résultats indiquent que les membres de la famille accordent environ 30 pour cent des soins sur place. Ils consacrent la plupart de leurs efforts au bien-être des patients alors que le personnel se charge plutôt des travaux domestiques. Les modèles de soins diffèrent entre les milieux familiaux pour adultes, les logements avec assistance et ceux où il faut donner des soins reliés à la démence. La durabilité des modèles dépend de la saffisance du personnel et des attentes raisonnables à l'égard des ressources familiales.

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References

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Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
  • ISSN: 0714-9808
  • EISSN: 1710-1107
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-on-aging-la-revue-canadienne-du-vieillissement
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