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Management of complex CHD at the National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu: the role of foreign cardiac missions in 3.5 years

  • Ikechukwu A. Nwafor (a1), Josephat M. Chinawa (a1), Daberechi K. Adiele (a1), Ijeoma O. Arodiwe (a1), Ndubueze Ezemba (a1), John C. Eze (a1), Ikenna Omeje (a2), Onyiye A. Arua (a3) and William Novick (a4)...



CHD is defined as structural defect(s) in the heart and proximal blood vessels present at birth. The National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, through the aid of visiting Cardiac Missions has managed a significant number of patients within the last 3.5 years.


The objective of this study was to review surgical options and outcome of complex CHD among patients attending UNTH, Enugu, Enugu.

Materials and Method

During the period of 3.5 years (March, 2013 to June, 2016), a total of 20 cases of complex CHD were managed by cardiac missions that visited UNTH, Enugu. Their case notes and operating register were retrieved, reviewed, and analysed using SPSS version 19 (Chicago).


There were eight females and 12 males, with a ratio of 2:5. The age range was from 5 months to 34 years with a mean of 1.7. Among all, five patients died giving a mortality rate of 25%. The operative procedures ranged from palliative shunts to complete repair. The outcome was relatively good.


Complex CHD are present in our environment. Their surgical management in our centre is being made possible by periodic visits of foreign cardiac missions.


Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Dr I. A. Nwafor, Department of Surgery, National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, Enugu, Nigeria. Tel: +234 803 778 4860; E-mail:


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Cardiology in the Young
  • ISSN: 1047-9511
  • EISSN: 1467-1107
  • URL: /core/journals/cardiology-in-the-young
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