Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Changing Face of Out-of-home Care in Australia – Developing Policy and Practice for the 21st Century

  • Meredith Kiraly (a1) and Cathy Humphreys (a1)

Abstract

This Opinion Piece traces the rise of statutory kinship care in Australia from the progressive reduction of residential care and the struggle to recruit sufficient foster carers to meet demand for protective care. It outlines identified benefits of kinship care for children and flags concern about the early stage of development of kinship care policy, programs and data systems. It is argued that there are significant risks for children's safety and well-being in failing to assess carers thoroughly and to provide equitable case management and support (both financial and non-financial) to children in kinship care as in foster care.

Copyright

Corresponding author

address for correspondence: Dr Meredith Kiraly, Department of Social Work, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia. E-mail: mkiraly@unimelb.edu.au.

References

Hide All
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Child protection Australia: 2015–16 and supplementary data tables. Canberra: AIHW.
Boetto, H. (2010). Kinship care: A review of issues. Family Matters, 85, 6067.
Breman, R., & MacRae, A. (2017). ‘It's been an absolute nightmare’: Family violence in kinship care. Melbourne: Baptcare.
Connolly, M. (2003). Kinship Care: A selected literature review. New Zealand: Submitted to the Department of Child, Youth and Family, May 2003.
Connolly, M., de Haan, I., & Crawford, J. (2013). The safety of young children in care: A New Zealand study. Adoption & Fostering, 37 (3), 284296.
del Valle, J. F., López, M., Montserrat, C., & Bravo, A. (2009). Twenty years of foster care in Spain: Profiles, patterns and outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 31, 847853.
Farmer, E. (2010). What factors relate to good placement outcomes in kinship care?. British Journal of Social Work, 40, 426444.
Geen, R. (2003). Kinship foster care: An ongoing, yet largely uninformed debate. In Geen, R. (Ed.), Kinship care: Making the most of a valuable resource (pp. 124). Washington: The Urban Institute Press.
Geen, R., & Berrick, J. D. (2002). Kinship care: An evolving service delivery option. Child and Youth Services Review, 24 (1/2), 114.
Hayden, P., Mulroney, L., & Barnes, M. (2010). Shared stories, shared lives. Sydney: Association of Childrens Welfare Agencies (ACWA) and Community Services, Department of Human Services NSW.
Hegar, R. L. (1999). Kinship foster care: The new child placement paradigm. In Hegar, R. L. & Scannapieco, M. (Eds.), Kinship foster care: Policy, practice and research. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kiraly, M., & Humphreys, C. (2013). Policy briefing paper: Kinship care and family contact. Developing Practice, 35 (Winter), 6874.
Kiraly, M., & Humphreys, C. (2016). ‘It's about the whole family’: Family contact for children in kinship care. Child & Family Social Work, 21 (2), 228239.
Kiraly, M., & Humphreys, C. (2017 forthcoming). Fairy godparents and fake kin: Exploring non familial kinship care (‘kith care’). Melbourne: University of Melbourne.
McFadden, E. J. (1998). Kinship care in the United States. Adoption and Fostering, 22 (3), 715.
McHugh, M., McNab, J., Smyth, C., Chalmers, J., Siminski, P., & Saunders, P. (2004). The availability of foster carers. Sydney: Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, report prepared for the NSW Department of Community Services.
Messing, J. T. (2006). From the child's perspective: A qualitative analysis of kinship care placements. Children and Youth Services Review, 28, 14151434.
Nixon, P. (2008). Relatively speaking: Developments in research and practice in kinship care. Dartington: Blacklers.
NSW Department of Community Services. (2003). Step by step foster carer assessment tool. Sydney: Association of Children's Welfare Agencies NSW.
Perry, G., Daly, M., & Kotler, J. (2012). Placement stability in kinship and non-kin foster care: A Canadian study. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 460465.
Sallnas, M., Vinnerljung, B., & Westermark, P. K. (2004). Breakdown of teenage placements in Swedish foster and residential care. Child and Family Social Work, 9, 141152.
Smyth, C., & Eardley, T. (2007). Out of home care for children in Australia: A review of literature and policy. Sydney: Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
SNAICC. (2005). Policy paper: Achieving stable and culturally strong out of home care for aboriginal and torres strait islander children. Melbourne: Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care.
Spence, N. (2004). Kinship care in Australia. Child Abuse Review, 13, 263276.
State of Victoria, Children, Youth and Families Act, No. 96 of 2005. (2005).

Keywords

The Changing Face of Out-of-home Care in Australia – Developing Policy and Practice for the 21st Century

  • Meredith Kiraly (a1) and Cathy Humphreys (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed