Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 30
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Zhang, Qian Sun, Zhongxiao Wu, Feng and Deng, Xiangzheng 2016. Understanding rural restructuring in China: The impact of changes in labor and capital productivity on domestic agricultural production and trade. Journal of Rural Studies,


    Huhe, Narisong Chen, Jie and Tang, Min 2015. Social trust and grassroots governance in rural China. Social Science Research, Vol. 53, p. 351.


    Looney, Kristen E. 2015. China's Campaign to Build a New Socialist Countryside: Village Modernization, Peasant Councils, and the Ganzhou Model of Rural Development. The China Quarterly, Vol. 224, p. 909.


    Zhang, Qian Forrest 2015. Class Differentiation in Rural China: Dynamics of Accumulation, Commodification and State Intervention. Journal of Agrarian Change, Vol. 15, Issue. 3, p. 338.


    Zhang, Qian Forrest Oya, Carlos and Ye, Jingzhong 2015. Bringing Agriculture Back In: The Central Place of Agrarian Change in Rural China Studies. Journal of Agrarian Change, Vol. 15, Issue. 3, p. 299.


    Angelillo, Nicola 2014. Vulnerability to poverty in China: a subjective poverty line approach. Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Vol. 12, Issue. 4, p. 315.


    Chen, An 2014. How Has the Abolition of Agricultural Taxes Transformed Village Governance in China? Evidence from Agricultural Regions. The China Quarterly, Vol. 219, p. 715.


    Rogers, Sarah 2014. Betting on the strong: Local government resource allocation in China's poverty counties. Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 36, p. 197.


    Wang, Xiaxin and Shen, Yan 2014. The effect of China's agricultural tax abolition on rural families' incomes and production. China Economic Review, Vol. 29, p. 185.


    Zhang, Huafeng 2014. The poverty trap of education: Education–poverty connections in Western China. International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 38, p. 47.


    Alm, James and Liu, Yongzheng 2013. Did China's Tax-for-Fee Reform Improve Farmers' Welfare in Rural Areas?. The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 516.


    Brehm, Stefan 2013. Fiscal Incentives, Public Spending, and Productivity – County-Level Evidence from a Chinese Province. World Development, Vol. 46, p. 92.


    Chen, Jie and Huhe, Narisong 2013. Informal Accountability, Socially Embedded Officials, and Public Goods Provision in Rural China: The Role of Lineage Groups. Journal of Chinese Political Science, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 101.


    Day, Alexander F. 2013. A century of rural self-governance reforms: reimagining rural Chinese society in the post-taxation era. Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 40, Issue. 6, p. 929.


    Kennedy, John James 2013. Finance and rural governance: centralization and local challenges. Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 40, Issue. 6, p. 1009.


    Li, Yu-rui Liu, Yan-sui Long, Hua-lou and Wang, Jie-yong 2013. Local responses to macro development policies and their effects on rural system in China’s mountainous regions: the case of Shuanghe Village in Sichuan Province. Journal of Mountain Science, Vol. 10, Issue. 4, p. 588.


    Tahara, Fumiki 2013. Principal, Agent or Bystander? Governance and Leadership in Chinese and Russian Villages. Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 65, Issue. 1, p. 75.


    Mushtaq, Shahbaz 2012. Exploring Synergies Between Hardware and Software Interventions on Water Savings in China: Farmers’ Response to Water Usage and Crop Production. Water Resources Management, Vol. 26, Issue. 11, p. 3285.


    Oi, Jean C. Babiarz, Kim Singer Zhang, Linxiu Luo, Renfu and Rozelle, Scott 2012. Shifting Fiscal Control to Limit Cadre Power in China's Townships and Villages. The China Quarterly, Vol. 211, p. 649.


    Wang, Juan 2012. Shifting Boundaries between the State and Society: Village Cadres as New Activists in Collective Petition. The China Quarterly, Vol. 211, p. 697.


    ×
  • The China Quarterly, Volume 189
  • March 2007, pp. 43-59

From the Tax-for-Fee Reform to the Abolition of Agricultural Taxes: The Impact on Township Governments in North-west China

Abstract

Over the last decade, there have been numerous reports of rural discontent and unrest over excessive local taxes and fees known as villagers' burdens. In response, the central government enacted the tax-for-fee reform (TFR) in 2002 that abolished local fees levied on individuals and rural households in favour of a single agricultural tax. In addition the central government has announced plans to eliminate the agricultural tax as well after 2006. The aim of the TFR is to streamline local revenue collection and establish a more transparent and efficient provision of services. The immediate result, however, is a dramatic reduction in the autonomy of township governments as well as the provision of local services. Poorer townships have become more dependent on county government for revenues, and these townships function more like county administrative units than local self-governments. Moreover, many services have also been cut due to a lack of local revenues. In north-west China, there has been a sharp decline in the provision of educational and medical services. The solution is an increase in county remittances, but these are slow and uneven, and the combination of reduced autonomy and services has produced a number of “administrative shells” at the township level. If the inefficacy continues, then there may be even greater rural discontent and unrest over the loss of basic services than there was over increasing villagers' burdens.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
This paper was first presented at the Association of Chinese Political Studies 18th Annual Conference in San Francisco, California, 20–30 July 2005. I would like to thank the University of Kansas Research Center (KURC) and New Faculty General Research Fund (2004) and University of Kansas, Policy Research Institute (2004). In addition, I would like to thank Shi Yaojiang, Li Lianjiang and Nancy Myers for their suggestions and comments, and finally my good friends and colleagues at North-west University, Xian. I take full responsibility for any errors or mistakes.
Footnotes
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The China Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0305-7410
  • EISSN: 1468-2648
  • URL: /core/journals/china-quarterly
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×