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Beyond War and Peace: A Reappraisal of the Encounter between Christianity and Science

  • David C. Lindberg (a1) and Ronald L. Numbers (a2)

On a December evening in 1869, with memories of civil war still fresh in their minds, a large audience gathered in the great hall of Cooper Union in New York City to hear about another conflict, still taking its toll—“with battles fiercer, with sieges more persistent, with strategy more vigorous than in any of the comparatively petty warfares of Alexander, or Caesar, or Napoleon.” Although waged with pens rather than swords, and for minds rather than empires, this war, too had destroyed lives and reputations. The combatants? Science and Religion.

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James R. Moore , The Post-Darwinian Controversies: A Study of the Protestant Struggle to Come to Terms with Darwin in Great Britain and America, 1870–1900 (Cambridge, 1979), pp. 19122.

Edward Grant , “The Condemnation of 1277, God's Absolute Power, and Physical Thought in the Late Middle Ages,” Viator 10 (1979): 211244;

R. Stauffer , “Calvin et Copernic,” Revue de l'histoire des religions 179 (1971): 3140;

Olaf Pedersen , “Galileo and the Council of Trent: The Galileo Affair Revisited,” Journal for the History of Astronomy 14 (1983): 2829,

J. R. Lucas , “Wilberforce and Huxley: A Legendary Encounter,” The Historical Journal 22 (1979): 313330.

Ronald L. Numbers , “Creationism in 20th-Century America,” Science 218 (1982): 538544.

Frank M. Turner , “The Victorian Conflict between Science and Religion: A Professional Dimension,” Isis 69 (1979): 356376.

Edward E. Daub , “Demythologizing White's Warfare of Science with Theology,” American Biology Teacher 40 (1978): 553556.

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Church History
  • ISSN: 0009-6407
  • EISSN: 1755-2613
  • URL: /core/journals/church-history
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