Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Scientific Patriotism: Medical Science and National Self-Fashioning in Southeast Asia

  • Warwick Anderson (a1) and Hans Pols (a2)
Abstract

Physicians and scientists dominated the first generation of nationalists in at least three East Asian colonies in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: the Philippines under the Spanish and United States' regimes, the Dutch East Indies, and the Japanese territory of Taiwan. There is substantial evidence that, in each place, decolonization was yoked to scientific progress—not only in a practical sense, but symbolically too. The first generation to receive training in biological science and to become socialized as professionals used this education to imagine itself as eminently modern, progressive, and cosmopolitan. Their training gave them special authority in deploying organic metaphors of society and state, and made them deft in finding allegories of the human body and the body politic. These scientists and physicians saw themselves as representing universal laws, advancing natural knowledge, and engaging as equals with colleagues in Europe, Japan, and North America. Science gave them a new platform for communication. In the British Empire, for example in India and Malaya, medical science also proved influential, though it seems lawyers cognizant of precedent and tradition more often dominated decolonization movements. This essay will examine how scientific training shaped anti-colonialism and nationalism in the Philippines and the East Indies, concluding with a brief comparison of the situation in Taiwan.

Copyright
Corresponding author
wanderson@usyd.edu.au
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Prasenjit Duara , Rescuing History from the Nation: Questioning Narratives of Modern China (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995)

Carol E. Harrison and Ann Johnson , “Introduction: Science and National Identity,” Osiris 24 (2009): 114

Pratik Chakrabarty , “‘Signs of the Times’: Medicine and Nationhood in British India,” Osiris 24 (2009): 188211

Suzanne Moon , “Justice, Geography, and Steel: Technology and National Identity in Indonesian Industrialization,” Osiris 24 (2009): 253–77

Warwick Anderson , “Racial Hygiene and the Making of Citizens in the Philippines and Australia,” in Ann L. Stoler , ed., Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History (Durham: Duke University Press, 2006), 94115

Dorothy Porter and Roy Porter , “What Was Social Medicine? An Historiographical Essay,” Journal of Historical Sociology 1 (1988): 90106

Warwick Anderson , Colonial Pathologies: American Tropical Medicine, Race, and Hygiene in the Philippines (Durham: Duke University Press, 2006)

Barbara S. Gaerlan , “The Pursuit of Modernity: Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera and the Educational Legacy of the Philippine Revolution,” Amerasia Journal 24 (1998): 87108

Biography, History and the Indonesian Novel: Reading Salah Asuhan,” Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde (BKI) 161 (2005): 247–68

Hans Pols , “The Nature of the Native Mind: Contested Views of Dutch Colonial Psychiatrists in the Former Dutch East Indies,” in Sloan Mahone and Megan Vaughan , eds., Psychiatry and Empire (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007), 172–96

Ming-Cheng M. Lo , “Between Ethnicity and Modernity: Taiwanese Medical Students and Doctors under Japan's Kominka Campaign, 1937–1945,” Positions 10 (2002): 285332

Warwick Anderson , “From Subjugated Knowledge to Conjugated Subjects: Science and Globalisation, or Postcolonial Studies of Science?” Postcolonial Studies 12 (2009): 389400

Glenda Sluga , The Nation, Psychology and International Politics, 1870–1919 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • ISSN: 0010-4175
  • EISSN: 1475-2999
  • URL: /core/journals/comparative-studies-in-society-and-history
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7
Total number of PDF views: 57 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 269 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.