Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Arrested development: The effects of incarceration on the development of psychosocial maturity

  • Julia Dmitrieva (a1), Kathryn C. Monahan (a2), Elizabeth Cauffman (a3) and Laurence Steinberg (a4)
Abstract
Abstract

Improvements in temperance, perspective, and responsibility are a part of typical development of psychosocial maturity during adolescence. The existing literature suggests that the developmental course of psychosocial maturity is influenced by normative variations in social context, but little is known about how atypical contexts, such as incarceration, influence its development. The study investigates how the development of psychosocial maturity is affected by incarceration, using data from a 7-year longitudinal study of 1,171 adolescent males. We compared the effects of confinement in juvenile facilities with varying degrees of focus on incarceration versus rehabilitation (i.e., secure vs. residential treatment facilities) and tested whether facility quality and age at incarceration moderate the effect of incarceration on psychosocial maturity. The results indicate that incarceration in a secure setting, but not a residential treatment facility, is associated with a short-term decline in temperance and responsibility. The total amount of time incarcerated in a residential treatment facility, but not a secure setting, had a negative effect on the developmental trajectory of psychosocial maturity. Age at incarceration, but not the facility quality, moderated the effect of recent incarceration: older youths were more susceptible to short-term negative effects of recent incarceration in a secure setting, but they also benefited more than younger participants from short-term positive effects of incarceration in a residential treatment setting. Furthermore, youths who perceived their incarceration setting as unsafe evinced a decline in temperance. Future research and policy implications are discussed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Julia Dmitrieva, Department of Psychology, Frontier Hall, 2155 South Race Street, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208; E-mail: julia.dmitrieva@psy.du.edu.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. F. Belli (1998). The structure of autobiographical memory and the event history calendar: Potential improvements in the quality of retrospective reports in surveys. Memory, 6, 383406.

M. Caldwell , J. Skeem , R. Solekin , & G. Van Rybroek (2006). Treatment response of adolescent offenders with psychopathy features—A 2-year follow-up. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 33, 571596.

E. Greenberger , R. Josselson , C. Knerr , & B. Knerr (1975). The measurement and structure of psychosocial maturity. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 4, 127143.

M. Helsen , W. Vollebergh , & W. Meeus (2000). Social support from parents and friends and emotional problems in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 319335.

T. A. Loughran , E. P. Mulvey , C. A. Schubert , J. Fagan , A. R. Piquero , & S. H. Losoya (2009). Estimating a dose–response relationship between length of stay and future recidivism in serious juvenile offenders. Criminology, 47, 699740.

E. P. Mulvey , C. A. Schubert , & H. L. Chung (2007). Service use after court involvement in a sample of serious adolescent offenders. Child and Youth Services Review, 29, 518544.

J. M. Patterson , & H. I. McCubbin (1987). Adolescent coping style and behaviors—Conceptualization and measurement. Journal of Adolescence, 10, 163186.

C. A. Schubert , E. P. Mulvey , L. Steinberg , E. Cauffman , S. H. Losoya , T. Hecker , (2004). Operational lessons from the pathways to desistance project. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2, 237255.

L. Steinberg , & E. Cauffman (1996). Maturity of judgment in adolescence: Psychosocial factors in adolescent decision making. Law and Human Behavior, 20, 249272.

L. Steinberg , H. L. Chung , & M. Little (2004). Reentry of young offenders from the justice system: A developmental perspective. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2, 2138.

L. Steinberg , & K. C. Monahan (2007). Age differences in resistance to peer influence. Developmental Psychology, 43, 15311543.

L. A. Teplin , K. M. Abram , G. M. McClelland , M. K. Dulcan , & A. A. Mericle (2002). Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 11331143.

T. P. Thornberry , A. J. Lizotte , M. D. Krohn , M. Farnworth , & S. J. Jang (1994). Delinquent peers, beliefs, and delinquent behavior: A longitudinal test of interactional theory. Criminology, 32, 4783.

M. F. Scheier , & C. S. Carver (1985). Optimism, coping and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectations. Health Psychology, 4, 219247.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 31
Total number of PDF views: 177 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 540 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.