Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Emotionality, emotion regulation, and preschoolers' social adaptation

  • Kenneth H. Rubin (a1), Robert J. Coplan (a1), Nathan A. Fox (a2) and Susan D. Calkins (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

It was proposed that the interaction between the constructs of emotion regulation and social interaction would predict social adaptation in preschoolers. Ninety-six 4-year-olds were observed in quartets of unfamiliar same-sex peers. Based on parent temperament ratings and observed free play behaviors, 68 children from the original sample were classified as: low social interaction, good emotion regulators; low social interaction, poor emotion regulators; high social interaction, good emotion regulators; high social interaction, poor emotion regulators; or average. The results indicated that the low social interaction children who were poor regulators displayed more wary and anxious behaviors during free play and other episodes, and were rated as having more internalizing problems than both the low social interaction children who were good regulators and the average group. The high social interaction children who were poor regulators were rated as having more externalizing problems than either the high social interaction children who were good regulators or the average group. Thus, it seems as if emotion dysregulation is associated with psychological maladaptation, but that this association is tempered by the degree to which children engage in social interaction.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Kenneth H. Rubin, Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, CanadaN2L 3G1.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

T. M. Achenbach , & C. S. Edelbrock (1981). Behavioral problems and competencies reported by parents of normal and disturbed children aged four through sixteen. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 46, (1, Serial No. 188).

J. Belsky , & M. Rovine (1987). Temperament and attachment security in the Strange Situation: An empirical rapprochement. Child Development, 58, 787795.

S. Calkins , & N. Fox (1992). The relations between infant temperament, security of attachment and behavioral inhibition at 24 months. Child Development, 63, 14561472.

J. J. Campos , R. G. Campos , & K. C. Barrett (1989). Emergent themes in the study of emotional development and emotion regulation. Developmental Psychology, 25, 394402.

R. J. Coplan , K. H. Rubin , N. A. Fox , S. D. Calkins , & S. L. Stewart (1994). Being alone, playing alone, and acting alone: Distinguishing among reticence, and passive- and active-solitude in young children. Child Development, 65, 129138.

T. J. Dishion , G. R. Patterson , M. Stoolmiller , & M. L. Skinner (1991). Family, school, and behavioral antecedents to early adolescent involvement with antisocial peers. Developmental Psychology, 27, 172180.

K. A. Dodge (1989). Coordinating responses to aversive stimuli. Developmental Psychology, 25, 339342.

W. W. Hartup (1992). Peer relations in early and middle childhood. In V. B. Van Hasset & M. Hersen (Eds.), Handbook of social development (pp. 257281). New York: Plenum Press.

J. Kagan (1989). Temperamental contributions to social behavior. American Psychologist, Vol. 44 (4), 668674.

J. Kagan , & N. Snidman (1991). Infant predictors of inhibited and uninhibited profiles. Psychological Science, 2, 4044.

J. Kagan , J. S. Reznick , C. Clarke , N. Snidman , & C. Garcia-Coll (1984). Behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar. Child Development, 55, 22122225.

J. Kagan , J. S. Reznick , & J. Gibbons (1989). Inhibited and uninhibited types of children. Child Development, 60, 838845.

M. Kerr , W. W. Lambert , H. Stattin , & I. Klackenberg-Larsson (1994). Stability of inhibition in a Swedish longitudinal sample. Child Development, 65, 138146.

C. B. Kopp (1989). Regulation and distress of negative emotions: A developmental view. Developmental Psychology, 25, 343354.

D. C. Rowe , & R. Plomin (1977). Temperament in early childhood. Journal of Personality Assessment, 41, 150156.

K. H. Rubin (1982). Non-social play in preschoolers: Necessary evil? Child Development, 53, 651657.

K. H. Rubin , & R. S. L. Mills (1991). Conceptualizing developmental pathways to internalizing disorders in childhood. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 23, 300317.

C. A. Stifter , & N. A. Fox (1990). Infant reactivity and regulation: Physiological correlates of newborn and five month temperament. Developmental Psychology, 26, 582588.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×