Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

School-based strategies to prevent violence, trauma, and psychopathology: The challenges of going to scale

  • Lawrence Aber (a1), Joshua L. Brown (a2), Stephanie M. Jones (a3), Juliette Berg (a1) and Catalina Torrente (a1)...

Children's trauma-related mental health problems are widespread, largely untreated and constitute significant barriers to academic achievement and attainment. Translational research has begun to identify school-based interventions to prevent violence, trauma and psychopathology. We describe in detail the findings to date on research evaluating one such intervention, the Reading, Writing, Respect, and Resolution (4Rs) Program. The 4Rs Program has led to modest positive impacts on both classrooms and children after 1 year that appear to cascade to more impacts in other domains of children's development after 2 years. This research strives not only to translate research into practice but also translate practice into research. However, considerable challenges must be met for such research to inform prevention strategies at population scale.

Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Lawrence Aber, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University, 82 Washington Square East, New York, NY 10003; E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. L. Aber , J. L. Brown , & S. M. Jones (2003). Developmental trajectories toward violence in middle childhood: Course, demographic differences, and response to school-based intervention. Developmental Psychology, 39, 324348.

J. L. Aber , S. M. Jones , J. L. Brown , N. C. Chaudry , & F. Samples (1998). Resolving conflict creatively: Evaluating the developmental effects of a school-based violence prevention program in neighborhood and classroom context. Development and Psychopathology, 10, 187214.

J. L. Brown , S. M. Jones , M. D. LaRusso , & J. L. Aber (2010). Improving classroom quality: Teacher influences and experimental impacts of the 4Rs Program. Journal of Educational Psychology, 102, 153167.

CPPRG. (2007). Fast Track randomized controlled trial to prevent externalizing psychiatric disorders: Findings from grades 3 to 9. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 12501262.

K. A. Dodge , R. Laird , J. E. Lochman , A. Zelli , & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2002). Multidimensional latent-construct analysis of children's social-information processing patterns: Correlations with aggressive behavior problems. Psychological Assessment, 14, 6073.

C. W. Hoven , C. S. Duarte , C. P. Lucas , P. Wu , D. J. Mandell , R. D. Goodwin , (2005). Psychopathology among New York City public school children 6 months after September 11. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 542552.

S. M. Jones , J. L. Brown , W. L. G. Hoglund , & J. L. Aber (2010). Impacts of an integrated school-based social–emotional learning and literacy intervention on third-grade social–emotional and academic outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 829842.

S. L. Toth , J. T. Manley , & W. J. Nilsen (2008). From research to practice: Lessons learned. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29, 317325.

V. Tseng , & E. Seidman (2007). A systems framework for understanding social settings. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39, 217228.

R. C. Pianta , A. J. Mashburn , J. T. Downer , B. K. Hamre , & L. Justice (2008). Effects of web-mediated professional development resources on teacher–child interactions in pre-kindergarten classrooms. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 23, 431451.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *