This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
J. Barrett , & A. S. Fleming (2011). All mothers are not created equal: Neural and psychobiological perspectives on mothering and the importance of individual differences [Annual research review]. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 368–397.
A. Caspi , J. McClay , T. E. Moffitt , J. Mill , J. Martin , I. Craig , (2002). Evidence that the cycle of violence in maltreated children depends on genotype. Science, 297, 851–854.
A. Caspi , M. B. Sugden , T. E. Moffitt , A. Taylor , I. W. Craig , H. Harrington , (2003). Influence of life stress on depression: Moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene. Science, 301, 386–389.
C. Darwin (1872). The expression of emotions in man and animals. London: John Murray.
R. N. Emde (1992). Social referencing research: Uncertainty, self, and the search for meaning. In S. Feinman (Ed.), Social referencing and the social construction of reality in infancy (pp. 79–94). New York: Plenum Press.
R. N. Emde (1994). Individuality, context, and the search for meaning. Child Development, 65, 719–737.
R. N. Emde , & M. A. Easterbrooks (1985). Assessing emotional availability in early development. In W. K. Frankenburg , R. N. Emde , & J. W. Sullivan (Eds.), Early identification of children at risk: An international perspective (pp. 79–101). New York: Plenum Press.
R. N. Emde , T. J. Gaensbauer , & R. J. Harmon (1981). Using our emotions: Some principles for appraising emotional development and intervention. In M. Lewis , & L. Taft (Eds.), Developmental disabilities in preschool children (pp. 409–424). New York: S. P. Medical & Scientific Books.
R. Feldman , A. Weller , O. Zagoory-Sharon , & A. Levine (2007). Evidence for a neuroendocrinological foundation of human affiliation: Plasma oxytocin levels across pregnancy and the postpartum period predict mother-infant bonding. Psychological Science, 18, 965–970.
M. Galbally , A.J. Lewis , M. van IJzendoorn , & M. Permezel (2011). The role of oxytocin in mother-infant relations: A systematic review of human studies. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 19, 1–14.
J. G. Gunderson , R. L Stout , T. H. McGlashan , M. T Shea , L. C. Morey , C. M. Grilo , (2011). Ten year course of borderline personality disorder: Psychopathology and function from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 68, 827–837.
Y. Irizarry , & S. J. Galbraith (2004). Complex disorders reloaded: Causality, action reaction, cause and effect. Molecular Psychiatry, 9, 431–432.
R. F. Krueger , & K. E. Markon (2011). A dimensional-spectrum model of psychopathology: Progress and opportunities [Editorial]. Archives of General Psychiatry, 68, 10–11.
J. A. Larrieu , & A. B. Dickson (2009). Reflective practice in infant mental health training and consultation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 30, 579–590.
R. A. Emde (1990). Mobilizing fundamental modes of development—An essay on empathic availability and therapeutic action. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 38, 881–913.
M. F. Lenzenweger (2010). Current status of the scientific study of the personality disorders: An overview of epidemiological, longitudinal, experimental psychopathology and neurobehavioral perspectives. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 58, 741–778.
M. J. Meaney (2010). Epigenetics and the biological definition of Gene x Environment interactions. Child Development, 81, 41–79.
T. G. O'Connor , J. Heron , J. Golding , V. Glover , & The ALSPAC Study Team. (2003). Maternal antenatal anxiety and behavioural/emotional problems in children: A test of a programming hypothesis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 1025–1036.
J. P. Shonkoff , W. T. Boyce , & B. S. McEwen (2009). Neuroscience, molecular biology and the childhood roots of health disparities: Building a new framework. Journal of the American Medical Association, 301, 2252–2259.
J. F. Sorce , & R. N. Emde (1981). Mother's presence is not enough: The effect of emotional availability on infant exploration. Developmental Psychology, 17, 737–745.
J. F. Sorce , & R. N. Emde (1982). The meaning of infant emotional expressions: Regularities in caregiving responses in normal and Down's syndrome infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 23, 145–158.
L. Strathearn , P. Fonagy , J. Amico , & P. R. Montague (2009). Adult attachment predicts maternal brain and oxytocin reponse to infant cues. Neuropsychopharmacology, 34, 2655–2666.
J. E. Swain , J. P. Lorberbaum , S. Kose , & L. Strathearn (2007). Brain basis of early parent–infant interactions: Psychology, physiology, and in vivo functional neuroimaging studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 262–287.
S. E. Taylor , Saphire-Bernstein, & T. E. Seeman (2010). Are plasma oxytocin in women and plasma vasopressin in men biomarkers of distressed pair-bond relationships? Psychological Science, 21, 3–7.
Y. Yang , A. Raine , F. L. Narr , P. Colletti , & A. W. Toga (2009). Localization of deformations within the amygdala in individuals with psychopathy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66, 986–994.
R. K. Lenroot , & J. N. Giedd (2011). Annual research review: Developmental considerations of gene by environment interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 429–441.
C. Zahn-Waxler , J. Robinson , & R. N. Emde (1992). The development of empathy in twins. Developmental Psychology, 28, 1038–1047.