Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 62
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    de Vries, Sanne L. A. Hoeve, Machteld Stams, Geert Jan J. M. and Asscher, Jessica J. 2016. Adolescent-Parent Attachment and Externalizing Behavior: The Mediating Role of Individual and Social Factors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 44, Issue. 2, p. 283.

    Chen, Frances R. Gao, Yu Glenn, Andrea L. Niv, Sharon Portnoy, Jill Schug, Robert Yang, Yaling and Raine, Adrian 2015. The Handbook of Criminological Theory.

    Ellis, Lee and Hoskin, Anthony W. 2015. The evolutionary neuroandrogenic theory of criminal behavior expanded. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 24, p. 61.

    Leno, V. C. Charman, T. Pickles, A. Jones, C. R. G. Baird, G. Happe, F. and Simonoff, E. 2015. Callous-unemotional traits in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 207, Issue. 5, p. 392.

    Sabet, Jessica Underwood, Lisa Chaplin, Eddie Hayward, Hannah and McCarthy, Jane 2015. Autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and offending. Advances in Autism, Vol. 1, Issue. 2, p. 98.

    Munkvold, Linda H. Manger, Terje and Lundervold, Astri J. 2014. Conners’ continuous performance test (CCPT-II) in children with ADHD, ODD, or a combined ADHD/ODD diagnosis. Child Neuropsychology, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 106.

    Tuominen, Tiina Korhonen, Tapio Hämäläinen, Heikki Temonen, Satu Salo, Helena Katajisto, Jouko and Lauerma, Hannu 2014. Neurocognitive disorders in sentenced male offenders: Implications for rehabilitation. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 36.

    Fitzpatrick, Caroline and Pagani, Linda S. 2013. Task-Oriented Kindergarten Behavior Pays Off in Later Childhood. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 34, Issue. 2, p. 94.

    Feifer, Steven G. 2012. Best Practices in School Neuropsychology.

    Iselin, Anne-Marie R. and DeCoster, Jamie 2012. Unique relations of age and delinquency with cognitive control. Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 35, Issue. 2, p. 367.

    Hummer, Tom A. Kronenberger, William G. Wang, Yang Dunn, David W. Mosier, Kristine M. Kalnin, Andrew J. and Mathews, Vincent P. 2011. Executive Functioning Characteristics Associated with ADHD Comorbidity in Adolescents with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 39, Issue. 1, p. 11.

    Welch-Brewer, Chiquitia L. and Roberts-Lewis, Amelia C. 2011. Examining the Psychosocial Functioning and Characteristics of Incarcerated Girls with a Substance Use Disorder. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, Vol. 28, Issue. 3, p. 175.

    Bates, John E. Schermerhorn, Alice C. and Goodnight, Jackson A. 2010. The Handbook of Life-Span Development.

    Fabian, John Matthew 2010. Neuropsychological and neurological correlates in violent and homicidal offenders: A legal and neuroscience perspective. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 15, Issue. 3, p. 209.

    Kunzendorf, Robert G. Turgiss, Jenny Benson, Jillian Ostler, Colleen Walsh, Erin Sawyer, Rachel and Deschenes, Deana 2010. Multiple Styles of Self-Control Predict College Students' Alcohol Consumption. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 185.

    Iselin, Anne-Marie R. and DeCoster, Jamie 2009. Reactive and proactive control in incarcerated and community adolescents and young adults. Cognitive Development, Vol. 24, Issue. 2, p. 192.

    Lindberg, Nina Laajasalo, Taina Holi, Matti Putkonen, Hanna Weizmann-Henelius, Ghitta and Häkkänen-Nyholm, Helinä 2009. Psychopathic traits and offender characteristics – a nationwide consecutive sample of homicidal male adolescents. BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 9, Issue. 1,

    PAJER, KATHLEEN CHUNG, JESSICA LEININGER, LISA WANG, WEI GARDNER, WILLIAM and YEATES, KEITH 2008. Neuropsychological Function in Adolescent Girls With Conduct Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 47, Issue. 4, p. 416.

    Patrick, Megan E. Blair, Clancy and Maggs, Jennifer L. 2008. Executive function, approach sensitivity, and emotional decision making as influences on risk behaviors in young adults. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 30, Issue. 4, p. 449.

    van der Meere, Jaap J. van der Meer, Dirk-Jan Kunert, Hanns J Borger, Norbert and Pirila, Silja 2008. Impulsive Responses In Children with Conduct Disorder and Borderline Intellectual Functioning. Child Neuropsychology, Vol. 14, Issue. 2, p. 187.


Neuropsychological assessment of executive functions in self-reported delinquents

  • Terrie E. Moffitt (a1) and Bill Henry (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 31 October 2008

Deficits in “executive” neuropsychological functions have been proposed to underlie the development of antisocial behavior such as juvenile delinquency. Results of research into the executive functions of delinquents have been mixed, and studies have been hampered by reliance on small samples of adjudicated subjects and questionable validity of the tests administered. This research examined the performance of a large unselected birth cohort of adolescent boys and girls on five tests of executive function that have documented reliability and validity. It is the first such study to use self-reports of antisocial behavior. Executive deficits were shown only by a subgroup of delinquent subjects with childhood comorbidity of antisocial behavior and attention deficit disorder; that subgroup's behavior was also rated as more aggressive and impulsive than comparison groups'. Group differences on executive measures remained significant after the effects of overall IQ were statistically controlled. Also, delinquents who had been detected by police did not show poorer executive functions than subjects with equivalent self-reports of delinquent behavior who had evaded official detection, suggesting that executive deficits are related to the development of antisocial behavior itself, and not simply to risk of detection.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. Anderson , S. Williams , R. McGee , & P. A. Silva (1987). The prevalence of DSM-III disorders in a large sample of preadolescent children from the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 6981.

E. A. Berg (1948). A simple objective test for measuring flexibility in thinking. Journal of General Psychology, 39, 1522.

A. S. Brickman , M. M. McManus , W. L. Grapentine , & N. Alessi (1984). Neuropsychological assessment of seriously delinquent adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 23, 453457.

D. P. Farrington (1983). Offending from 10 to 25 years of age. In K. Van Dusen & S. A. Mednick , (Eds.), Prospective studies of crime and delinquency (pp. 1738). Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff.

S. P. Hinshaw (1987). On the distinction between attentional deficits/hyperactivity and conduct problems/aggression in child psychopathology. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 443463.

W. M. Karniski , M. D. Levine , S. Clarke , J. S. Palfrey , & L. J. Meltzer (1982). A study of neurodevelopmental findings in early adolescent delinquents. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 3, 151159.

R. Loeber , & T. Dishion (1983). Early predictors of male delinquency: A review. Psychological Bulletin, 94, 6899.

J. Loney , M. Whaley-Klahn , T. Koiser , & J. Conboy (1983). Hyperactive boys and their brothers at 21: Predictors of aggressive and antisocial outcome. In K. T. Van Dusen & S. A. Mednick (Eds.), Prospective studies of crime and delinquency (pp. 181208). Dordrecht: Kluwer-Nijhoff.

R. McGee , S. Williams , & P. A. Silva (1985). Factor structure and correlates of ratings of inattention, hyperactivity, and antisocial behavior in a large sample of 9-year-old children from the general population. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 480490.

L. J. Miller , N. B. Burdg , & D. Carpenter (1980). Application of recategorized WISC-R scores for adjudicated adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 51, 187191.

B. Milner (1963). Effects of different brain lesions on card sorting. Archives of Neurology, 9, 90100.

B. Milner , & M. Petrides (1984). Behavioural effects of frontal-lobe lesions in man. Trends in Neurosciences, 11: 403407.

T. E. Moffitt , & P. A. Silva (1988a). Neuropsychological deficit and self-reported delinquency in an unselected birth cohort. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 233240.

T. E. Moffitt , & P. Silva (1988b). Self-reported delinquency, neuropsychological deficit, and history of attention deficit disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 16(5), 553569.

T. E. Moffitt & P. A. Silva (1988c). Self-reported early delinquency: Results from an instrument for New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 21, 227240.

D. R. Offord , K. Sullivan , N. Allen , & N. Abrams (1979). Delinquency and hyperactivity. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 167, 734741.

R. Schachar , M. Rutter , & A. Smith (1981). The characteristics of situationally and pervasively hyperactive children: Implications for syndrome definition. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22, 375392.

E. M. Taylor (1959). The appraisal of children with cerebral deficits. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

D. P. Waber , & J. M. Holmes (1985). Assessing children's copy productions of the Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 7, 264280.

P. H. Wolff , D. Waber , M. Bauermeister , C. Cohen , & R. Ferber (1982). The neuropsychological status of adolescent delinquent boys. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 23, 267279.

M. E. Wolfgang , R. M. Figlio , & T. Sellin (1972). Delinquency in a birth cohort. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

L. T. Yeudall (1980). A neuropsychological perspective of persistent juvenile delinquency and criminal behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 347, 349355.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *