This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
T. F. Babor , M. Hofmann , F. K. DelBoca , V. Hesselbrock , R. E. Meyer , Z. S. Dolinsky , (1992). Types of alcoholics: I. Evidence for an empirically derived typology based on indicators of vulnerability and severity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 599–608.
M. E. Bates , & E. W. Labouvie (1997). Adolescent risk factors and the prediction of persistent alcohol and drug use into adulthood. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 21, 944–950.
D. J. Bauer , & P. J. Curran (2003). Distributional assumptions of growth mixture models: Implications for overextraction of latent trajectory classes. Psychological Methods, 8, 338–363.
M. E. Bennett , B. S. McCrady , V. Johnson , & R. J. Pandina (1999). Problem drinking from young adulthood to adulthood: Patterns, predictors and outcomes. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 60, 605–614.
S. Casswell , M. Pledger , & S. Pratap (2002). Trajectories of drinking from 18 to 26 years: Identification and prediction. Addiction, 97, 1427–1437.
C. R. Cloninger , M. Bohman , & S. Sigvardsson (1981). Inheritance of alcohol abuse: Cross-fostering analysis of adopted men. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 861–868.
J. Cohen (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155–159.
S. Cohen , T. Kamarck , & R. Mermelstein (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396.
W. Copeland , L. Shanahan , E. J. Costello , & A. Angold (2011). Cumulative prevalence of psychiatric disorders by young adulthood: A prospective cohort analysis from the Great Smoky Mountains Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 252–261.
B. F. Grant , D. A. Dawson , F. S. Stinson , S. P. Chou , M. C. Dufour , & R. P. Pickering (2004). The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: United States, 1991–1992 and 2001–2002. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 74, 223–234.
J. Guo , J. D. Hawkins , K. G. Hill , & R. D. Abbott (2001). Childhood and adolescent predictors of alcohol abuse and dependence in young adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62, 754–762.
D. S. Hasin , F. S. Stinson , E. Ogburn , & B. F. Grant (2007). Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in the United States: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 830–842.
K. M. Jackson , & K. J. Sher (2005). Similarities and differences of longitudinal phenotypes across alternate indices of alcohol involvement: A methodologic comparison of trajectory approaches. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 339–351.
T. Jacob , K. K. Bucholz , C. E. Sartor , D. N. Howell , & P. K. Wood (2005). Drinking trajectories from adolescence to the mid-forties among alcohol dependent males. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 66, 745–755.
S. M. King , W. G. Iacono , & M. McGue (2004). Childhood externalizing and internalizing psychopathology in the prediction of early substance use. Addiction, 99, 1548–1559.
L. Leggio , G. A. Kenna , M. Fenton , E. Bonenfant , & R. M. Swift (2009). Typologies of alcohol dependence: From Jellinek to genetics and beyond. Neuropsychological Review, 19, 115–129.
R. J. A. Little (1988). A test of missing completely at random for multivariate data with missing values. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 83, 1198–1202.
M. McGue , W. G. Iacono , & R. Krueger (2006). The association of early adolescent problem behavior and adult psychopathology: A multivariate behavioral genetic perspective. Behavior Genetics, 36, 591–602.
B. J. Milne , A. Caspi , H. Harrington , R. Poulton , M. Rutter , & T. E. Moffitt (2009). Predictive value of family history on severity of illness: The case for depression, anxiety, alcohol dependence, and drug dependence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66, 738–747.
T. E. Moffitt (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674–701.
T. E. Moffitt , H. Harrington , A. Caspi , J. Kim-Cohen , D. Goldberg , A. M. Gregory , (2007). Depression and generalized anxiety disorder: Cumulative and sequential comorbidity in a birth cohort followed prospectively to age 32 years. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 651–660.
H. B. Moss , C. M. Chen , & H. Yi (2007). Subtypes of alcohol dependence in a nationally representative sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 91, 149–158.
H. B. Moss , C. M. Chen , & H. Yi (2010). Prospective follow-up of empirically derived alcohol dependence subtypes in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC): Recovery status, alcohol use disorders and diagnostic criteria, alcohol consumption behavior, health status, and treatment seeking. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 34, 1073–1083.
B. Muthén , & L. K. Muthén (2000). Integrating person-centered and variable-centered analyses: Growth mixture modeling with latent trajectory classes. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 24, 882–891.
C. J. Patrick , J. J. Curtin , & A. Tellegen (2002). Development and validation of a brief form of the multidimensional personality questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 14, 150–163.
L. N. Robins , J. E. Helzer , J. Croughan , & K. S. Ratcliff (1981). National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule: Its history, characteristics, and validity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 381–389.
J. Schulenberg , P. M. O'Malley , J. G. Bachman , K. N. Wadsworth , & L. D. Johnston (1996). Getting drunk and growing up: Trajectories of frequent binge drinking during the transition to young adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 57, 289–304.
J. Schulenberg , K. N. Wadsworth , P. M. O'Malley , J. G. Bachman , & L. D. Johnston (1996). Adolescent risk factors for binge drinking during the transition to young adulthood: Variable- and pattern-centered approaches to change. Developmental Psychology, 32, 659–674.
K. J. Sher , & H. J. Gotham (1999). Pathological alcohol involvement: A developmental disorder of young adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 933–956.
K. J. Sher , K. M. Jackson , & D. Steinley (2011). Alcohol use trajectories and the ubiquitous cat's cradle: Cause for concern? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120, 322–335.
L. A. Warner , H. R. White , & V. Johnson (2007). Alcohol initiation experiences and family history of alcoholism as predictors of problem-drinking trajectories. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68, 56–65.
J. E. Wells , L. J. Horwood , & D. M. Fergusson (2006). Stability and instability in alcohol diagnosis from ages 18 to 21 and ages 21 to 25 years. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 81, 157–165.
P. Wennberg , T. Andersson , & M. Bohman (2002). Psychosocial characteristics at age 10; differentiating between adult alcohol use pathways: A prospective longitudinal study. Addictive Behaviors, 27, 115–130.