Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Trajectories of emotional–behavioral difficulty and academic competence: A 6-year, person-centered, prospective study of affluent suburban adolescents

  • Nadia S. Ansary (a1), Thomas J. McMahon (a2) and Suniya S. Luthar (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

This longitudinal study of affluent suburban youth (N = 319) tracked from 6th to 12th grade is parsed into two segments examining prospective associations concerning emotional–behavioral difficulties and academic achievement. In Part 1 of the investigation, markers of emotional–behavioral difficulty were used to cluster participants during 6th grade. Generalized estimating equations were then used to document between-cluster differences in academic competence from 6th to 12th grade. In Part 2 of the study, indicators of academic competence were used to cluster the same students during 6th grade, and generalized estimating equations were used to document between-cluster differences in emotional–behavioral difficulty from 6th to 12th grade. The results from Part 1 indicated that patterns of emotional–behavioral difficulty during 6th grade were concurrently associated with poorer grades and classroom adjustment with some group differences in the rate of change in classroom adjustment over time. In Part 2, patterns of academic competence during 6th grade were concurrently associated with less emotional–behavioral difficulty and some group differences in the rate of change in specific forms of emotional–behavioral difficulty over time. These results suggest that the youth sampled appeared relatively well adjusted and any emotional–behavioral–achievement difficulty that was evident at the start of middle school was sustained through the end of high school.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Nadia S. Ansary, Rider University, Department of Psychology, 2083 Lawrenceville Road, Lawrenceville, NJ 08648-3099; E-mail: nansary@rider.edu.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

N. S. Ansary , & S. S. Luthar (2009). Distress and academic achievement among adolescents of affluence: A study of externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors and school performance. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 319341. doi:10.1017/S0954579409000182

N. S. Ansary , T. McMahon , & S. S. Luthar (2012). Socioeconomic context and emotional-behavioral-achievement links: Concurrent and prospective associations among low- and high-income youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22, 1430. doi:10.1111/j.1532-7795.2011.00747.x

D. C. Beidel (1991). Social phobia and overanxious disorder in school age children. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 545552. doi:10.1097/00004583-199107000-00003

L. R. Bergman (2001). A person approach in research on adolescence: Some methodological challenges. Journal of Adolescent Research, 16, 2853. doi:10.1177/0743558401161004

L. R. Bergman , & D. Magnusson (1997). A person-oriented approach in research on developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 291319. doi:10.1017/S095457949700206X

M. J. Brusco , & H. F. Kohn (2008). Optimal partitioning of a dataset based on the p-median model. Psychometrika, 73, 89105. doi:10.1007/S11336-007-9021-4

A. L. Bryant , J. E. Schulenberg , P. M. O'Malley , J. G. Bachman , & L. D. Johnston (2003). How academic achievement, attitudes, and behaviors relate to the course of substance use during adolescence: A 6-year, multiwave national longitudinal study. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13, 361397. doi:10.1111/1532-7795.1303005

A. L. Bryant , & M. A. Zimmerman (2002). Examining the effects of academic beliefs and behaviors on changes in substance use among urban adolescents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 621637. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.94.3.621

A. Caspi , T. E. Moffitt , D. L. Newman , & P. A. Silva (1996). Behavioral observations at age 3 years predict adult psychiatric disorders: Longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 10331039.

S. Casswell , M. Pledger , & R. Hooper (2003). Socioeconomic status and drinking patterns in young adults. Addiction, 98, 601610. doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00331.x

D. Cicchetti , & F. A. Rogosch (2002). A developmental psychopathology perspective on adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 620. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.70.1.6

W. E. Craighead , J. F. Curry , & S. S. Hardi (1995). Relationship of Children's Depression Inventory factors to major depression among adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 7, 171176.

B. De Clercq , D. Rettew , R. R. Althoff , & M. De Bolle (2012). Childhood personality types: Vulnerability and adaptation over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 716722. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02512.x

I. N. Defoe , D. P. Farrington , & R. Loeber (2013). Disentangling the relationship between delinquency and hyperactivity, low achievement, depression, and low socioeconomic status: Analysis of repeated longitudinal data. Journal of Criminal Justice, 41, 100107. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2012.12.002

P. Ellickson , K. Bui , R. Bell , & K. A. McGuigan (1998). Does early drug use increase the risk of dropping out of high school? Journal of Drug Issues, 28, 357380.

J. Granleese , & S. Joseph (1993). Factor analysis of the Self-Perception Profile for Children. Personality and Individual Differences, 15, 343345. doi:10.1016/0191-8869(93)90226-S

J. Granleese , & S. Joseph (1994). Further psychometric validation of the Self-Perception Profile for Children. Personality and Individual Differences, 16, 649651. doi:10.1016/0191-8869(94)90193-7

I. Grossman , & A. C. Huynh (2013). Where is the culture in social class? Psychological Inquiry, 24, 112119. doi:10.1080/1047840X.2013.792568

H. F. Kohn , D. Steinley , & M. J. Brusco (2010). The p-median model as a tool for clustering psychological data. Psychological Methods, 15, 8795. doi:10.1037/a0018535

M. W. Kraus , J. J. X. Tan , & M. B. Tannenbaum (2013). The social ladder: A rank-based perspective on social class. Psychological Inquiry, 24, 8196. doi:10.1080/1047840X.2013.778803

C. G. Last , M. Hersen , A. E. Kazdin , H. Orvaschel , & S. Perrin (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928934. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1991.01810340060008

P. M. Lewinsohn , R. E. Roberts , J. R. Seeley , P. Rohde , I. H. Gotlib , & H. Hops (1994). Adolescent psychopathology: II. Psychosocial risk factors for depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 302315. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.103.2.302

Y. Li , & R. M. Lerner (2011). Trajectories of school engagement during adolescence: Implications for grades, depression, delinquency, and substance use. Developmental Psychology, 47, 233247. doi:10.1037/a0021307

R. Loeber , D. P. Farrington , M. Stouthamer-Loeber , T. E. Moffitt , A. Caspi , H. R. White , (2003). The development of male offending: Key findings from fourteen years of the Pittsburgh Youth Study. In T. Thornberry & M. Krohn (Eds.), Taking stock of delinquency: An overview of findings from contemporary longitudinal studies (pp. 93136). New York: Kluwer/Plenum Press.

A. B. Ludden , & J. S. Eccles (2007). Psychosocial, motivational, and contextual profiles of youth reporting different patterns of substance use during adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 17, 5188. doi:10.1111/j.1532-7795.2007.00512.x

S. S. Luthar , S. H. Barkin , & E. J. Crossman (2013). “I can, therefore I must”: Fragility in the upper-middle classes. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 15291549. doi:10.1017/S0954579413000758

S. S. Luthar , & N. S. Ansary (2005). Dimensions of adolescent rebellion: Risks for academic failure among high- and low-income youth. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 231250. doi:10.1017/S0954579405050121

S. S. Luthar , & S. H. Barkin (2012). Are affluent youth truly “at risk”? Vulnerability and resilience across three diverse samples. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 429449. doi:10.1017/S0954579412000089

S. S. Luthar , & B. E. Becker (2002). Privileged but pressured? A study of affluent youth. Child Development, 73, 15931610. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00492

S. S. Luthar , & K. D'Avanzo (1999). Contextual differences in substance use: A study of suburban and inner-city adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 845867.

K. Magnuson , G. J. Duncan , & A. Kalil (2006). The contribution of middle childhood contexts to adolescent achievement and behavior. In A. C. Huston & M. N. Ripke (Eds.), Developmental contexts in middle childhood: Bridges to adolescence and adulthood (pp. 150172). New York: Cambridge University Press.

M. A. Marsee , P. J. Frick , C. T. Barry , E. R. Kimonis , & K. J. Aucoin (2014). Profiles of the forms and functions of self-reported aggression in three adolescent samples. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 705720.

A. S. Masten , K. B. Burt , G. I. Roisman , J. Obradovic , J. D. Long , & A. Tellegen (2004). Resources and resilience in the transition to adulthood: Continuity and change. Development and Psychopathology, 16, 10711094. doi:10.1017/S0954579404040143

A. S. Masten , P. Morison , & D. S. Pellegrini (1985). The revised class play method of peer assessment. Developmental Psychology, 21, 523533.

A. S. Masten , G. I. Roisman , J. D. Long , K. B. Burt , J. Obradovic , J. R. Riley , (2005). Developmental cascades: Linking academic achievement and externalizing and internalizing symptoms over 20 years. Developmental Psychology, 41, 733746. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.41.5.733

T. J. McMahon , & S. S. Luthar (2006). Patterns and correlates of substance use among affluent, suburban high school students. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 7289. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp3501_7

T. E. Moffitt. , A. Caspi , M. Rutter , & P. A. Silva (2001). Sex differences in antisocial behaviour: Conduct disorder, delinquency, and violence in the Dunedin Longitudinal Study. New York: Cambridge University Press.

P. Muris , C. Meesters , & P. Fijen (2003). The Self-Perception Profile for Children: Further evidence for its factor structure, reliability, and validity. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 17911802. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00004-7

M. D. Newcomb , R. D. Abbott , R. F. Catalano , J. D. Hawkins , S. Battin-Pearson , & K. Hill (2002). Mediational and deviance theories of late high school failure: Process roles of structural strains, academic competence, and general versus specific problem behaviors. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49, 172186. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.49.2.172

W. Pan (2001). Akaike's information criterion in generalized estimating equations. Biometrics, 57, 120125. doi:10.1111/j.0006-341X.2001.00120.x

M. Pelkonen , M. Marttunen , & H. Aro (2003). Risk for depression: A 6-year follow-up of Finnish adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders, 77, 4151. doi:10.1016/S0165-0327(02)00098-8

R. W. Roeser , J. S. Eccles , & K. R. Strobel (1998). Linking the study of schooling and mental health: Selected issues and empirical illustrations at the level of the individual. Educational Psychologist, 33, 153176. doi:10.1207/s15326985ep3304_2

J. Schulenberg , J. G. Bachman , P. M. O'Malley , & L. D. Johnston (1994). High school educational success and subsequent substance use: A panel analysis following adolescents into young adulthood. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35, 4562.

N. M. Stephens , & S. S. M. Townsend (2013). Rank is not enough: Why we need a sociocultural perspective to understand social class. Psychological Inquiry, 24, 126130. doi:10.1080/1047840X.2013.795099

L. J. Woodward , & D. M. Fergusson (2001). Life course outcomes of young people with anxiety disorders in adolescence. Journal of American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 10861093. doi:10.1097/00004583-200109000-00018

M. A. Zimmerman , & K. H. Schmeelk-Cone (2003). Longitudinal analysis of adolescent substance use and school motivation among African American youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13, 185210. doi:10.1111/1532-7795.1302003

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 53 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 389 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.