Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Miami-Dade County Following Hurricane Irma in 2017

  • Alyssa M Falise (a1), Isabel Griffin (a1), Danielle Fernandez (a1), Xeniamaria Rodriguez (a1), Emily Moore (a1), Anne Barrera (a1), Juan Suarez (a1), Lidice Cutie (a2) and Guoyan Zhang (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

The Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County (DOH-Miami-Dade) investigated 106 reported carbon monoxide (CO) exposures over a 9-day timeframe after Hurricane Irma. This report evaluates risk factors for CO poisoning and the importance of heightened surveillance following natural disasters.

Methods

Data on CO poisoning cases from September 9 to 18, 2017 were extracted from Merlin, the Florida Department of Health Surveillance System. Medical records were obtained and follow-up interviews were conducted to collect data on the confirmed CO poisoning cases. Data were analyzed using SAS v9.4.

Results

Ninety-one of the 106 people exposed to CO met the case definition for CO poisoning: 64 confirmed, 7 probable, and 20 suspect cases. Eighty-eight percent of the affected individuals were evaluated in emergency departments and 11.7% received hyperbaric oxygen treatment. The most frequently reported symptoms included headache (53.3%), dizziness (50.7%), and nausea (46.7%). Three patients expired due to their exposure to CO.

Conclusions

Post Hurricane Irma, the DOH-Miami-Dade investigated numerous cases for CO exposure. By understanding who is most likely to be impacted by CO and the impact of generators’ location on people’s health, education efforts can be tailored to the population most at risk and further CO exposures and related mortalities following natural disasters can be reduced. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2019;13:94–96)

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Alyssa M. Falise, Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 8175 NW 12th Street, Suite 314, Miami, FL 33126 (e-mail: Alyssa.Falise@flhealth.gov).

References

Hide All
1. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning. Center for Disease Control, National Center for Environmental Health. https://www.cdc.gov/co/. Published 2017. Accessed September 30, 2017.
2. Alvarado, F, Berman, M, Somashekhar, S. Florida officials begin ordering evacuations as Hurricane Irma intensifies to a Category 5 storm. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/. Published September 5, 2017. Accessed September 30, 2017.
3. Power tracker map. Florida Power and Light. www.fplmaps.com/. Published 2017. Accessed September 30, 2017.
4. Carbon monoxide poisoning case definition. Florida Department of Health. http://www.floridahealth.gov/. Published 2017. Accessed September 30, 2017.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • ISSN: 1935-7893
  • EISSN: 1938-744X
  • URL: /core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed