Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Changes in Hospitalization for Ischemic Heart Disease After the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake: 10 Years of Data in a Population of 300,000

  • Kaisen Huang (a1) (a2), Dejia Huang (a1), Dingxiu He (a3), Joris van Loenhout (a4), Wei Liu (a1), Baotao Huang (a1), Xiaojian Deng (a2), Qi Wu (a2), Mao Chen (a1) and Debarati Guha-Sapir (a4)...
Abstract
Objective

The effects of earthquakes on ischemic heart disease (IHD) have often been reported. At a population level, this study examined short-term (60-day) and long-term (5-year) hospitalization events for IHD after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

Methods

We examined the 10-year medical hospitalization records on IHD in the city of Deyang provided by the Urban Employee Basic Health Insurance program.

Results

Evaluation of 19,083 hospitalizations showed a significantly lower proportional number and cost of hospitalizations in the 60 days after the earthquake (P<0.001). Hospitalizations were 27.81% lower than would have been expected in a normal year; costs were 32.53% lower. However, in the 5 years after the earthquake, the age-adjusted annual incidence of hospitalization increased significantly (P<0.001). In the fifth year after the earthquake, it was significantly higher in the extremely hard-hit area than in the hard-hit area (P<0.01).

Conclusion

After the 2008 earthquake, short- and long-term patterns of hospitalization for IHD changed greatly, but in different ways. Our findings suggest that medical resources for IHD should be distributed dynamically over time after an earthquake. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;10:203–210)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence and reprint requests to Debarati Guha-Sapir, PhD, CRED, Ecole de Santé Publique, Chapelle-aux-Champs 30, BteB11.30.15, Institute of Health and Society, University of Louvain, 1200 Brussels, Belgium (e-mail: debby.sapir@uclouvain.be).
References
Hide All
1. Leaning, J, Guha-Sapir, D. Natural disasters, armed conflict, and public health. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(19):1836-1842.
2. Peleg, K, Reuveni, H, Stein, M. Earthquake disasters--lessons to be learned. Isr Med Assoc J. 2002;4(5):361-365.
3. Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters EM-DAT, the International Disaster Database. http://www.emdat.be/database. Accessed January 20, 2015.
4. Kelly, BB, Narula, J, Fuster, V. Recognizing global burden of cardiovascular disease and related chronic diseases. Mt Sinai J Med. 2012;79(6):632-640.
5. Kai-Sen, H, Qi, W, Ping, L, et al. Increased depression and readmission risk in patients with new-onset angina after the sichuan earthquake. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011;26(4):262-267.
6. Kloner, RA, Leor, J, Poole, WK, et al. Population-based analysis of the effect of the Northridge Earthquake on cardiac death in Los Angeles County, California. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997;30(5):1174-1180.
7. Brown, DL. Disparate effects of the 1989 Loma Prieta and 1994 Northridge earthquakes on hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction: importance of superimposition of triggers. Am Heart J. 1999;137(5):830-836.
8. Aoki, T, Fukumoto, Y, Yasuda, S, et al. The Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster and cardiovascular diseases. Eur Heart J. 2012;33(22):2796-2803.
9. Nozaki, E, Nakamura, A, Abe, A, et al. Occurrence of cardiovascular events after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami disaster. Int Heart J. 2013;54(5):247-253.
10. Nakamura, A, Nozaki, E, Fukui, S, et al. Increased risk of acute myocardial infarction after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Heart Vessels. 2014;29(2):206-212.
11. Tsuchida, M, Kawashiri, MA, Teramoto, R, et al. Impact of severe earthquake on the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome and stroke in a rural area of Japan. Circ J. 2009;73(7):1243-1247.
12. Leor, J, Kloner, RA. The Northridge earthquake as a trigger for acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 1996;77(14):1230-1232.
13. Tarride, JE, Lim, M, DesMeules, M, et al. A review of the cost of cardiovascular disease. Can J Cardiol. 2009;25(6):e195-e202.
14. Huang, K, Deng, X, He, D, et al. Prognostic implication of earthquake-related loss and depressive symptoms in patients with heart failure following the 2008 earthquake in Sichuan. Clin Cardiol. 2011;34(12):755-760.
15. Baidu Encyclopedia. 5.12 Wenchuan earthquake [in Chinese]. http://baike.baidu.com/view/3486152.htm?fromtitle=四川大地震&fr=aladdin. Published 2014. Accessed Oct 23, 2014.
16. Shanghai Municipal Health and Familiy Planning Commission. The national population by age and sex, 2008 [in Chinese]. http://www.shrkjsw.gov.cn/dr/stat/schina/201139/000000003500041001124450717.html?openpath=spfp/stat/schina. Published 2014. Accessed January 8, 2015.
17. The Word Bank. Consumer price index. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FP.CPI.TOTL. Published 2014. Accessed October 23, 2014.
18. Tsai, CH, Lung, FW, Wang, SY. The 1999 Ji-Ji (Taiwan) earthquake as a trigger for acute myocardial infarction. Psychosomatics. 2004;45(6):477-482.
19. Dobson, AJ, Alexander, HM, Malcolm, JA, et al. Heart attacks and the Newcastle earthquake. Med J Aust. 1991;155(11-12):757-761.
20. Kario, K, McEwen, BS, Pickering, TG. Disasters and the heart: a review of the effects of earthquake-induced stress on cardiovascular disease. Hypertens Res. 2003;26(5):355-367.
21. Steptoe, A, Brydon, L. Emotional triggering of cardiac events. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2009;33(2):63-70.
22. North, CS, Oliver, J, Pandya, A. Examining a comprehensive model of disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder in systematically studied survivors of 10 disasters. Am J Public Health. 2012;102(10):e40-e48.
23. Peters, MN, Moscona, JC, Katz, MJ, et al. Natural disasters and myocardial infarction: the six years after Hurricane Katrina. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014;89(4):472-477.
24. Nakagawa, I, Nakamura, K, Oyama, M, et al. Long-term effects of the Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake in Japan on acute myocardial infarction mortality: an analysis of death certificate data. Heart. 2009;95(24):2009-2013.
25. Erskine, N, Daley, V, Stevenson, S, et al. Smoking prevalence increases following Canterbury earthquakes. Scientific World Journal. 2013 Nov 7; 2013:596957.
26. Cerda, M, Tracy, M, Galea, S. A prospective population based study of changes in alcohol use and binge drinking after a mass traumatic event. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011;115(1-2):1-8.
27. Tsubokura, M, Hara, K, Matsumura, T, et al. The immediate physical and mental health crisis in residents proximal to the evacuation zone after Japan’s nuclear disaster: an observational pilot study. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2014;8(1):30-36.
28. The Central People's Government of People's Republic of China. Regulation on the Emergency Reponses to Destructive Earthquakes [in Chinese]. http://www.gov.cn/fwxx/bw/zgdzj/content_2260252.htm. Published 2012. Accessed October 23, 2014.
29. Cabinet of Japan. Large scale earthquake countermeasures act [in Chinese]. http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/S53/S53SE385.html. Published 2013. Accessed October 23, 2014.
30. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public Health Emergency Response Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Public Health Directors - Version 2.0. http://www.bt.cdc.gov/planning/responseguide.asp. Published April 2011. Accessed October 23, 2014.
31. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public health emergency response: a guide for leaders and responders. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/topics/emergencypreparedness.htm. Published 2007. Accessed October 23, 2014.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • ISSN: 1935-7893
  • EISSN: 1938-744X
  • URL: /core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 33 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 464 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd July 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.