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Larry R. Baas (1979). The Constitution as Symbol: The Interpersonal Sources of a Secondary Symbol. American Journal of Political Science, 23(1): 101–120.
Lawrence D. Bobo (1999). Prejudice as Group Position: Microfoundations of a Sociological Approach to Racism and Race Relations. Journal of Social Issues, 55(3): 445–472.
Lawrence D. Bobo and Vincent L. Hutchings (1996). Perceptions of Racial Group Competition: Extending Blumer's Theory of Group Position to a Multiracial Social Context. American Sociological Review, 61(6): 951–972.
Lawrence D. Bobo and Frederick C. Licari (1989). Education and Political Tolerance: Testing the Effects of Cognitive Sophistication and Target Group Affect. Public Opinion Quarterly, 53(3): 285–308.
Marilynn B. Brewer (1999). The Psychology of Prejudice: Ingroup Love or Outgroup Hate? Journal of Social Issues, 55(3): 429–444.
Jack Citrin , Donald Philip Green , and David O. Sears (1990). White Reactions to Black Candidates: When Does Race Matter? Public Opinion Quarterly, 54(1): 74–96.
Sophie M. Colleau , Kevin Glynn , Steven Lybrand , Richard M. Merelman , Paula Mohan , and James E. Wall (1990). Symbolic Racism in Candidate Evaluation: An Experiment. Political Behavior, 12(4): 385–402.
Rui J. P. De Figueiredo and Zachary Elkins (2003). Are Patriots Bigots? An Inquiry into the Vices of In-Group Pride. American Journal of Political Science, 47(1): 171–188.
Thierry Devos and Mahzarin R. Banaji (2005). American = White? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(3): 447–466.
Kenneth D. Durr (2003). Behind the Backlash: White Working-Class Politics in Baltimore, 1940–1980. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Paul Gomberg (1990). Patriotism is Like Racism. Ethics, 101(10): 144–150.
Fred I. Greenstein (1960). The Benevolent Leader: Children's Images of Political Authority. American Political Science Review, 54(4): 934–943.
Leonie Huddy and Nadia Khatib (2007). American Patriotism, National Identity, and Political Involvement. American Journal of Political Science, 51(1): 63–77.
Mary R. Jackman (1978). General and Applied Tolerance: Does Education Increase Commitment to Racial Integration? American Journal of Political Science, 22(2): 302–324.
Mary R. Jackman and Robert W. Jackman (1973). An Interpretation of the Relation between Objective and Subjective Status. American Sociological Review, 38(5): 569–582.
Donald R. Kinder and D. Roderick Kiewiet (1979). Economic Discontent and Political Behavior: The Role of Personal Grievances and Collective Economic Judgments in Congressional Voting. American Journal of Political Science, 23(3): 495–527.
Donald R. Kinder and David O. Sears (1981). Prejudice and Politics: Symbolic Racism versus Racial Threats to the Good Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(3): 414–431.
Michael S. Lewis-Beck (2008). The American Voter Revisited. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Qiong Li and Marilynn B. Brewer (2004). What Does It Mean to Be an American? Patriotism, Nationalism, and American Identity After 9/11. Political Psychology, 25(5): 727–739.
John B. McConahay (1982). Self-Interest versus Racial Attitudes as Correlates of Anti-busing Attitudes in Louisville. Journal of Politics, 44(3): 692–720.
Robert T. Schatz , Ervin Staub , and Howard Lavine (1999). On the Varieties of National Attachment: Blind versus Constructive Patriotism. Political Psychology, 20(1): 151–174.
John L. Sullivan , Amy Fried , and Mary G. Dietz (1992). Patriotism, Politics, and the Presidential Election of 1988. American Journal of Political Science, 36(2): 200–234.