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Angela Behrens , Christopher Uggen , and Jeff Manza (2003). Ballot Manipulation and the ‘Menace of Negro Domination’: Racial Threat and Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 1850–2002. American Journal of Sociology, 109: 559–605.
Lawrence Bobo and Devon Johnson (2004). A Taste for Punishment: Black and White Americans’ Views on the Death Penalty and the War on Drugs. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 1: 151–180.
Melanie Bowers and Robert Preuhs (2009). Collateral Consequences of a Collateral Penalty: The Negative Effect of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws on the Political Participation of Non-Felons. Social Science Quarterly, 90: 722–743.
John M. Darley and Thane S. Pittman (2003). The Psychology of Compensatory and Retributive Justice. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7: 324–336.
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Mandeep K. Dhami and Paula A. Cruise (2013). Prisoner Disenfranchisement: Prisoner and Public Views of an Invisible Punishment. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 13: 211–227.
Jennifer L. Eberhardt , Phillip Atiba Goff , Valerie J. Purdie , and Paul G. Davies (2004). Seeing Black: Race, Crime, and Visual Processing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87: 876–893.
Robert M. Entman and Andrew Rojecki (2001). The Black Image in the White Mind: Media and Race in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
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Norman T. Feather and Rebecca Sherman (2002). Envy, Resentment, Schadenfreude, and Sympathy: Reactions to Deserved and Undeserved Achievement and Subsequent Failure. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28: 953–961.
Stanley Feldman and Leonie Huddy (2005). Racial Resentment and White Opposition to Race-Conscious Programs: Principles or Prejudice? American Journal of Political Science, 49(1): 168–183.
Martin Gilens (1999). Why Americans Hate Welfare Policy: Race, Media, and the Politics of Anti-Poverty Policy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Martin Gilens , Paul M. Sniderman , and James K. Kuklinski (1998). Affirmative Action and the Politics of Realignment. British Journal of Political Science, 28: 159–183.
Frank D. Gilliam and Shanto Iyengar (2000). Prime Suspects: The Influence of Local Television News on the Viewing Public. American Journal of Political Science, 44: 560–573.
Jon Hurwitz and Mark A. Peffley (1997). Public Perceptions of Race and Crime: The Role of Racial Stereotypes. American Journal of Political Science, 41: 375–401.
Jon Hurwitz and Mark A. Peffley (2005). Explaining the Great Racial Divide: Perceptions of Fairness in the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Journal of Politics, 67: 762–783.
Devon Johnson (2008). Racial Prejudice, Perceived Injustice, and the Black-White Gap in Punitive Attitudes. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36: 198–206.
Devon Johnson (2009). Anger about Crime and Support for Punitive Criminal Justice Policies. Punishment & Society, 11: 51–66.
Ryan King and Darren Wheelock (2007). Group Threat and Social Control: Race, Perceptions of Minorities and the Desire to Punish. Social Forces, 85: 1255–1280.
Maria Krysan (1998). Privacy and the Expression of White Racial Attitudes: A Comparison Across Three Contexts. Public Opinion Quarterly, 62: 506–544.
George Lakoff (2002). Moral Politics: How Liberals and Conservatives Think. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Michael Manville (2012). People, Race and Place: American Support for Person- and Place-based Urban Policy, 1973–2008. Urban Studies, 49: 3101–3119.
Jeff Manza , Clem Brooks , and Christopher Uggen (2004). Public Attitudes Towards Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States. Public Opinion Quarterly, 68: 275–286.
Michael Leo Owens and Adrienne R. Smith (2012). “Deviants” and Democracy: Punitive Policy Designs and the Social Rights of Felons. American Politics Research, 40: 531–567.
Devah Pager (2007). Marked: Race, Crime, and Finding Work in an Era of Mass Incarceration. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Mark A. Peffley , and Jon Hurwitz (2002). The Racial Components of ‘Race-Neutral’ Crime Policy Attitudes. Political Psychology, 23: 59–75.
Mark A. Peffley and Jon Hurwitz (2010). Justice in America: The Separate Realities of Blacks and Whites. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Mark A. Peffley , Jon Hurwitz , and Paul M. Sniderman (1997). Racial Stereotypes and Whites’ Political Views of Blacks in the Context of Welfare and Crime. American Journal of Political Science, 41: 30–60.
Dina R. Rose and Todd R. Clear (2004). Who Doesn’t Know Someone in Jail? The Impact of Exposure to Prison on Attitudes Toward Formal and Informal Controls. The Prison Journal, 84: 228–247.
Michael A. Tessler and David O. Sears (2010). Obama’s Race: The 2008 Election and the Dream of a Post-Racial America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza (2002). Democratic Contraction? The Political Consequences of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review, 67: 777–803.
Kelly Welch (2007). Black Criminal Stereotypes and Racial Profiling. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 23: 276–288.
David C. Wilson and Darren W. Davis (2011). Reexamining Racial Resentment: Conceptualization and Content. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 634: 117–133.