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Lawrence Bobo , and Vincent L. Hutchings (1996). Perceptions of Racial Group Competition: Extending Blumer’s Theory of Group Position to a Multiracial Social Context. American Sociological Review, 61: 951–972.
Lawrence Bobo , and James Kluegel (1993). Opposition to Race-Targeting: Self-Interest, Stratification Ideology, or Racial Attitudes?
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Michael D. Grimes , Pamela J. Jenkins , and Rebel M. Reavis (1996). Class, Self-Perception, and Racial Group Identification among African Americans. Critical Sociology, 22(1): 73–91.
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Matthew O Hunt . (1996). The Individual, Society, or Both? A Comparison of Black, Latino, and White Beliefs about the Causes of Poverty. Social Forces, 75(1): 293–322.
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Matthew O Hunt . (2007). African American, Hispanic, and White Beliefs about Black/White Inequality, 1977–2004. American Sociological Review, 72: 390–415.
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James R. Kluegel , and Eliot R. Smith (1982). Whites Beliefs about Blacks’ Opportunity. American Sociological Review, 47: 518–532.
Maria Krysan (2000). Prejudice, Politics, and Public Opinion: Understanding the Sources of Racial Policy Attitudes. Annual Review of Sociology, 26: 135–168.
Mary Pattillo (2003). Negotiating Blackness, for Richer or for Poorer. Ethnography, 4(1): 61–93.
Jeremy Reynolds , and He Xian (2014). Perceptions of Meritocracy in the Land of Opportunity. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 36: 121–137.
James Robinson (2009). American Poverty Cause Beliefs and Structured Inequality Legitimation. Sociological Spectrum, 29: 489–518.
Howard Schuman , and Maria Krysan (1999). A Historical Note on Whites’ Beliefs about Racial Inequality. American Sociological Review, 64: 847–855.
Jason E. Shelton , and Michael O. Emerson (2010). Extending the Debate over Nationalism versus Integration: How Cultural Commitments and Assimilation Trajectories Influence Beliefs about Black Power. Journal of African American Studies, 14: 312–336.
Jason E. Shelton , and Anthony D. Greene (2012). Get Up, Get Out, and Git Sumthin’: How Race and Class Influence African Americans’ Attitudes about Inequality. American Behavioral Scientist, 56(11): 1480–1507.
Jason E. Shelton , and George Wilson (2006). Socioeconomic Status and Racial Group Interests among Black Americans. Sociological Spectrum, 26: 184–204.
Jason E. Shelton , and George Wilson (2009). Race, Class, and the Basis of Group Alignment: An Analysis of Support for Redistributive Policy among Privileged Blacks. Sociological Perspectives, 52(3): 385–408.
Mary Waters , and Reed Ueda with Helen Marrow (2007). The New Americans: A Guide to Immigration Since 1965. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
George Wilson (1996). Toward a Revised Framework for Examining Beliefs about the Causes of Poverty. Sociological Quarterly, 37(3): 413–428.
George Wilson (2001). Support for Redistributive Policies among the African American Middle Class: Race and Class Effects. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 18: 97–115.