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    Chen, Anthony S. 2015. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences.

    Chun, Edna and Evans, Alvin 2015. Affirmative Action at a Crossroads:Fisherand Forward. ASHE Higher Education Report, Vol. 41, Issue. 4, p. 1.

    Gu, Jun McFerran, Brent Aquino, Karl and Kim, Tai Gyu 2014. What makes affirmative action-based hiring decisions seem (un)fair? A test of an ideological explanation for fairness judgments. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 35, Issue. 5, p. 722.

  • Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, Volume 10, Issue 1
  • April 2013, pp. 233-260


  • Frank L. Samson (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 14 May 2013

As the White populace in the United States moves toward numerical minority status by 2042, how might Whites respond to impending threat of losing their dominant group position? In particular, how will Whites react at selective, elite universities, where Asians are increasingly prominent and other non-Whites are maintaining or capturing a larger share of enrollments? Drawing on group position theory, I test White commitment to meritocracy as a public policy, using a survey-based experiment (599 California adult residents) to examine the importance grade point average should have in public university admissions. Whites decrease the importance that grade point average should have when Asian group threat is primed. However, White Californians increase the importance that grade point average should have when thinking about group threat from either Blacks or Blacks and Asians simultaneously. Ethnoracial outgroup threat shifts White support for meritocracy in different directions.

Corresponding author
Frank L. Samson, Department of Sociology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146. E-mail:
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The author thanks David Grusky, Monica McDermott, and participants of the Social Psychology Workshop, Inequality Workshop, and affiliates of Stanford University's Research Institute for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity (RICSRE) for their helpful feedback on various aspects of this paper. This research was partly funded by a National Science Foundation Dissertation Improvement Grant SES-080264, and a Stanford University Graduate Research Opportunity Grant and Sociology Research Opportunity Grant. A RICSRE Graduate Dissertation Fellowship and a Ford Foundation Diversity Dissertation Fellowship supported the author during various stages of the data collection, analyses, and writing.

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Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
  • ISSN: 1742-058X
  • EISSN: 1742-0598
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