Alexander, D. 2015. The Iron Age. Glasgow: Culture and Sport Glasgow (Glasgow Museums).
Assinder, D. J., Yamamoto, M., Kim, C. K., Seki, R., Takaku, Y., Yamauchi, Y., Igarashi, S., Komura, K. & Ueno, K. 1993. Radioisotopes of 13 elements in intertidal coastal and estuarine sediments in the Irish Sea. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry-Articles 170, 333–346.
Berry, W. J., Boothman, W. S., Serbst, J. R. & Edwards, P. A. 2004. Predicting the toxicity of chromium in sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23, 2981–2992.
Birch, G. F. & Davies, K. 2003. A scheme for assessing human impact and sediment quality in coastal waterways. Coastal GIS 2003: an integrated approach to Australian issues. Wollongong Papers on Marine Policy 23, 371–380.
Birch, G. F. & Olmos, M. A. 2008. Sediment-bound heavy metals as indicators of human influence and biological risk in coastal water bodies. ICES Journal of Marine Science 65, 1407–1413.
Brown, J. E., McDonald, P., Parker, A. & Rae, J. E. 1999. The vertical distribution of radionuclides in a Ribble Estuary saltmarsh: transport and deposition of radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 43, 259–275.
Browne, M. & McMillan, A. 1989. Quaternary geology of the Clyde valley. British Geological Survey Research Report, SA/89/1.
Cave, M. R., Milodowski, A. E. & Friel, E. N. 2004. Evaluation of a method for identification of host physico-chemical phases for trace metals and measurement of their solid-phase partitioning in soil samples by nitric acid extraction and chemometric mixture resolution. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 4, 71–86.
Colina, M., Gardiner, P. H. E., Rivas, Z. & Troncone, F. 2005. Determination of vanadium species in sediment, mussel and fish muscle tissue samples by liquid chromatography–inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta 538, 107–115.
Cook, G. T., MacKenzie, A. B., McDonald, P. & Jones, S. R. 1997. Remobilization of Sellafield-derived radionuclides and transport from the north-east Irish Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 35, 227–241.
Deegan, C., Kirby, R., Rae, I. & Floyd, R. 1973. The superficial deposits of the Firth of Clyde and its sea lochs. Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences, 73/9.
Dyer, K. R. 1997. Estuaries: a physical introduction. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Edgar, P. J., Davies, I. M., Hursthouse, A. S. & Matthews, J. E. 1999. The biogeochemistry of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Clyde: distribution and source evaluation. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38, 486–496.
European Community. 2000. Directive 2000/60/EC of October 23 2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Community L327, 1–72.
Farr, K. M. 1989. Palynomorph and palynodebris distributions in modern British and Irish estuarine sediments. In Batten, D. J. & Keen, M. C. (eds) Northwest European micropalaeontology and palynology, 265–285. Chichester: Ellis Horwood Limited.
Fordyce, F. M., O' Dochartaigh, B., Lister, T. R., Cooper, R., Kim, A., Harrison, I., Vane, C. & Brown, S. 2004. Clyde tributaries: report of urban stream sediment and surface water geochemistry for Glasgow. British Geological Survey Commissioned Report, CR/04/037. Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.
Fyfe, J., Long, D. & Evans, D. 1993. The geology of the Malin-Hebrides area. UK Offshore Regional Report. London: HMSO.
Hayslip, G., Edmond, L., Partridge, V., Nelson, W., Lee, H., Cole, F., Lamberson, J. & Caton, L. 2006. Ecological Condition of the Estuaries of Oregon and Washington. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Assessment, Region 10 Report, EPA 910-R-06-001.
Ingham, M. N. & Vrebos, B. A. R. 1994. High productivity geochemical XRF analysis. Advances in X-ray Analysis 37, 717–724.
Jardine, W. G. 1980. Glasgow region: field guide. Glasgow: Quaternary Research Association.
Jardine, W. G. 1986. The geological and geomorphological setting of the Estuary and Firth of Clyde. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 90B, 25–41.
Jones, D. G., Lister, T. R., Strutt, M. H., Entwisle, D. C., Harrison, I., Kim, A. W., Ridgway, J. & Vane, C. H. 2004. Estuarine Geochemistry: Report for Glasgow City Council. British Geological Survey Commissioned Report, CR/04/057.
Jones, D. G., Kershaw, P. J., McMahon, C. A., Milodowski, A. E., Murray, M. & Hunt, G. J. 2007. Changing patterns of radionuclide distribution in Irish Sea subtidal sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 96, 63–74.
Kershaw, P. J., Woodhead, D. S., Malcolm, S. J., Allington, D. J. & Lovett, M. B. 1990. A sediment history of Sellafield discharges. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 12, 201–241.
Klamer, H. J. C., Leonards, P. E. G., Lamoree, M. H., Villerius, L. A., Åkerman, J. E. & Bakker, J. F. 2005. A chemical and toxicological profile of Dutch North Sea surface sediments. Chemosphere 58, 1579–1587.
Leslie, A. B., Gafeira, J., Jenkins, G. O. & Freeborough, K. A. 2011. Clyde Estuary boomer and multibeam survey interpretation, 2002–2009. British Geological Survey Open Report, OR/11/012.
Long, E. R., MacDonald, D. D., Smith, S. L. & Calder, F. 1995. Incidence of adverse biological effects within ranges of chemical concentrations in marine and estuarine sediments. Environmental Management 19, 81–97.
MacDonald, D. D., Carr, R. S., Calder, F. D., Long, E. R. & Ingersoll, C. G. 1996. Development and evaluation of sediment quality guidelines for Florida coastal waters. Ecotoxicology 5, 253–278.
MacDonald, D. D., Dipinto, L. M., Field, J., Ingersoll, C. G., Lvong, E. R. & Swartz, R. C. 2000a. Development and evaluation of consensus-based sediment effect concentrations for polychlorinated biphenyls. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19, 1403–1413.
MacDonald, D. D., Ingersoll, C. G. & Berger, T. A. 2000b. Development and evaluation of consensus-based sediment quality guidelines for freshwater ecosystems. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 39, 20–31.
MacKenzie, A. B., Scott, R. D., Allan, R. L., Benshaban, Y. A., Cook, G. T. & Pulford, I. D. 1994. Sediment radionuclide profiles – implications for mechanisms of Sellafield waste dispersal in the Irish Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 23, 39–69.
MacKenzie, A. B., Cook, G. T., McDonald, P. & Jones, S. R. 1998. The influence of mixing timescales and re-dissolution processes on the distribution of radionuclides in northeast Irish Sea sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 39, 35–53.
Macklin, M. G. 1992. Metal contaminated soils and sediment: a geographical perspective. In Newson, M. D. (ed.) Managing the human impact on the natural environment: patterns and processes, 172–195. London: Belhaven Press.
Mai, B., Chen, S., Luo, X., Chen, L., Yang, Q., Sheng, G., Peng, P., Fu, J. & Zeng, E. Y. 2005. Distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in sediments of the pearl river delta and adjacent South China Sea. Environmental Science & Technology 39, 3521–3527.
Matschullat, J., Ottenstein, R. & Reimann, C. 2000. Geochemical background – can we calculate it? Environmental Geology 39, 990–1000.
Miller, B. S., Pirie, D. J. & Redshaw, C. J. 2000. An assessment of the contamination and toxicity of marine sediments in the Holy Loch, Scotland. Marine Pollution Bulletin 40, 22–35.
O'Connor, T. P. 2004. The sediment quality guideline, ERL, is not a chemical concentration at the threshold of sediment toxicity. Marine Pollution Bulletin 49, 383–385.
OSPAR. 2008. CEMP assessment manual: co-ordinated environmental monitoring programme assessment manual for contaminants in sediment and biota. OSPAR Monitoring and Assessment Series, 379/2008.
OSPAR. 2009. Agreement on CEMP assessment criteria for the QSR 2010. Agreement number 2009–2 OSPAR 2010. The Quality Status Report 2010. London: OSPAR Commission.
Peacock, J. D. 1975. Scottish late- and post-glacial marine deposits. In Gemmell, A. M. D. (ed.) Quaternary studies in North East Scotland, 45–48. Aberdeen: Quaternary Research Association.
Peacock, J. D., Graham, D. K. & Wilkinson, I. P. 1978. Late-glacial and post-glacial marine environments at Ardyne, Scotland, and their significance in the interpretation of the history of the Clyde sea area. Institute of Geological Sciences, Report 78/17.
Pearce, J. 1997. Marine pollution. Marine Pollution Bulletin 34, 592–594.
Ridgway, J., Bee, E., Breward, N., Cave, M. R., Chenery, S., Gowing, C., Harrison, I., Hodgkinson, E., Humphreys, B., Ingham, M., Jarrow, A., Jenkins, G., Kim, A., Lister, T. R., Milodowski, A. E., Pearson, S., Rowlands, K., Spiro, B., Strutt, M. H., Turner, P. & Vane, C. H. 2012. The Mersey Estuary: sediment geochemistry. Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.
Riding, J. B. & Kyffin-Hughes, J. E. 2004. A review of the laboratory preparation of palynomorphs with a description of an effective non-acid technique. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 7, 13–44.
Rogers, H. R. 2002. Assessment of PAH contamination in estuarine sediments using the equilibrium partitioning-toxic unit approach. The Science of the Total Environment 290, 139–155.
Santamaria-Fernández, R., Cave, M. R. & Hill, S. J. 2006. Trace metal distribution in the Arosa estuary (N.W. Spain): the application of a recently developed sequential extraction procedure for metal partitioning. Analytica Chimica Acta 557, 344–352.
Schoonen, M. 2004. Mechanisms of sedimentary pyrite formation. In Amend, J. & Edwards, K. & Lyons, T. (eds) Sulfur biogeochemistry: past and present. Geological Society of America Special Paper 379, 117–134. Boulder, CO: The Geological Society of America Inc.
Vane, C. H., Harrison, I. & Kim, A. W. 2007a. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediments from the Mersey Estuary, UK. Science of the Total Environment 374, 112–126.
Vane, C. H., Harrison, I. & Kim, A. W. 2007b. Assessment of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in surface sediments of the Inner Clyde Estuary, UK. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, 1301–1306.
Vane, C. H., Jones, D. G. & Lister, T. R. 2009. Mercury contamination in surface sediments and sediment cores of the Mersey Estuary, UK. Marine Pollution Bulletin 58, 940–946.
Vane, C. H., Ma, Y.-J., Chen, S.-J. & Mai, B.-X. 2010. Increasing polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) contamination in sediment cores from the inner Clyde Estuary, UK. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 32, 13–21.
Vane, C. H., Chenery, S. R., Harrison, I., Kim, A. W., Moss-Hayes, V. & Jones, D. G. 2011. Chemical signatures of the Anthropocene in the Clyde estuary, UK: sediment-hosted Pb, 207/206Pb, total petroleum hydrocarbon, polyaromatic hydrocarbon and polychlorinated biphenyl pollution records. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 369, 1085–1111.
Woodhead, R. J., Law, R. J. & Matthiessen, P. 1999. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments around England and Wales, and their possible biological significance. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38, 773–790.
Zhang, W., Feng, H., Chang, J., Qu, J., Xie, H. & Yu, L. 2009. Heavy metal contamination in surface sediments of Yangtze River intertidal zone: an assessment from different indexes. Environmental Pollution 157, 1533–1543.