Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 131
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fleger-Weckmann, Anja Üstün, Yasemin Kloepper, Jennifer Paus, Ralf Bloch, Wilhelm Chen, Zu-Lin Wegner, Jeannine Sorokin, Lydia Langbein, Lutz Eckes, Beate Zigrino, Paola Krieg, Thomas and Nischt, Roswitha 2016. Deletion of the epidermis derived laminin γ1 chain leads to defects in the regulation of late hair morphogenesis. Matrix Biology,

    Purba, Talveen S. Brunken, Lars Hawkshaw, Nathan J. Peake, Michael Hardman, Jonathan and Paus, Ralf 2016. A primer for studying cell cycle dynamics of the human hair follicle. Experimental Dermatology,

    Hynd, P. I. Edwards, N. M. Weaver, S. Chenoweth, K. Stobart, R. and Heberle, N. 2015. Biological defleecing: intravenous infusion of amino acid mixtures lacking lysine and methionine creates a weakened zone in the wool staple, which is amenable to mechanical wool harvesting. Animal Production Science, Vol. 55, Issue. 10, p. 1264.

    Langan, Ewan A. Philpott, Michael P. Kloepper, Jennifer E. and Paus, Ralf 2015. Human hair follicle organ culture: theory, application and perspectives. Experimental Dermatology, Vol. 24, Issue. 12, p. 903.

    Nissimov, Joseph N. and Das Chaudhuri, Asit Baran 2014. Hair curvature: a natural dialectic and review. Biological Reviews, Vol. 89, Issue. 3, p. 723.

    McGregor, B.A. Butler, K.L. and Ferguson, M.B. 2013. The relationship of the incidence of medullated fibres to the dimensional properties of mohair over the lifetime of Angora goats. Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 115, Issue. 1-3, p. 40.

    Ansari-Renani, H.R. Moradi, S. Baghershah, H.R. Ebadi, Z. Salehi, M. Momen, S.M. Seyed and Ansari-Renani, M.Y. 2011. Determination of Wool Follicle Characteristics of Iranian Sheep Breeds. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, Vol. 24, Issue. 8, p. 1173.

    Ansari-Renani, H.R. Ebadi, Z. Moradi, S. Baghershah, H.R. Ansari-Renani, M.Y. and Ameli, S.H. 2011. Determination of hair follicle characteristics, density and activity of Iranian cashmere goat breeds. Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 95, Issue. 2-3, p. 128.

    Ansari-Renani, H.R. Salehi, M. Ebadi, Z. and Moradi, S. 2010. Identification of hair follicle characteristics and activity of one and two humped camels. Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 90, Issue. 1-3, p. 64.

    Jayasekara, M. U. Leipold, H. W. and Cook, J. E. 2010. Pathological Changes in Congenital Hypotrichosis in Hereford Cattle. Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin Reihe A, Vol. 26, Issue. 9, p. 744.

    Langbein, Lutz Yoshida, Hiroshi Praetzel-Wunder, Silke Parry, David A. and Schweizer, Juergen 2010. The Keratins of the Human Beard Hair Medulla: The Riddle in the Middle. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 130, Issue. 1, p. 55.

    Miranda, B.H. Tobin, D.J. Sharpe, D.T. and Randall, V.A. 2010. Intermediate hair follicles: a new more clinically relevant model for hair growth investigations. British Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 163, Issue. 2, p. 287.

    AUBER, L. 2009. THE STRUCTURES PRODUCING “NON-IRIDESCENT” BLUE COLOUR IN BIRD FEATHERS. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, Vol. 129, Issue. 4, p. 455.

    Cane, A. K. and Spearman, R. I. C. 2009. A histochemical study of keratinization in the domestic fowl (Gallus gallus). Journal of Zoology, Vol. 153, Issue. 3, p. 337.

    Edwards, N. M. Hebart, M. and Hynd, P. I. 2009. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of a barebreech trait in Merino sheep as a potential replacement for surgical mulesing. Animal Production Science, Vol. 49, Issue. 1, p. 56.

    Hynd, P. I. Edwards, N. M. Hebart, M. McDowall, M. and Clark, S. 2009. Wool fibre crimp is determined by mitotic asymmetry and position of final keratinisation and not ortho- and para-cortical cell segmentation. animal, Vol. 3, Issue. 06, p. 838.

    Ito, Taisuke Fukamizu, Hidekazu Ito, Natsuho Seo, Naohiro Yagi, Hiroaki Takigawa, Masahiro and Hashizume, Hideo 2009. Roxithromycin antagonizes catagen induction in murine and human hair follicles: implication of topical roxithromycin as hair restoration reagent. Archives of Dermatological Research, Vol. 301, Issue. 5, p. 347.

    Trigg, Monica J. 2009. Hair growth in mouse mutants affecting coat texture. Journal of Zoology, Vol. 168, Issue. 2, p. 165.

    Yu, Zhidong Gordon, Steven W. Nixon, Allan J. Bawden, C. Simon Rogers, Michael A. Wildermoth, Janet E. Maqbool, Nauman J. and Pearson, Allan J. 2009. Expression patterns of keratin intermediate filament and keratin associated protein genes in wool follicles. Differentiation, Vol. 77, Issue. 3, p. 307.

    Ansari-Renani, H.R. 2008. Seasonal Hair Follicle Cycle of Camelus dromedarius. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 11, Issue. 3, p. 410.

  • Currently known as: Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh Title history
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Volume 62, Issue 1
  • January 1952, pp. 191-254

VII.—The Anatomy of Follicles Producing Wool-Fibres, with special reference to Keratinization

  • L. Auber (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2012

The mammalian hair-fibre, together with the “inner root-sheath” (i.e. the axial layers of the follicle wall), grows upward by a proximal addition of cells. Changes in the inner root-sheath are responsible for the final shape and surface sculpture of the fibre. At its distal limit the inner root-sheath disintegrates owing to the effect of a de-keratinizing chemical agent.

A bent, undulated, or “crimped” fibre is due to a differentiated progress of the changes leading to keratinization of the “fibre cortex”. The cells which give rise to a “medulla” are different chemically and less compressible than cortical cells.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

W. T. Astbury , 1942. “X-Rays and the Stoicheiometry of the Proteins, with special reference to the Structure of the Keratin-Myosin Group”, Journ. Chem. Soc., pt. 1, 337347.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • ISSN: 1755-6910
  • EISSN: 1755-6929
  • URL: /core/journals/earth-and-environmental-science-transactions-of-royal-society-of-edinburgh
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *