Angrist J. D. 2004. Treatment effect heterogeneity in theory and practice. The Economic Journal 114: C52–C83.
Cartwright N. 2007. Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics. Cambridge University Press.
Christ C. 1966. Econometric Models and Methods. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
Dawid A. P. 2000. Causal inference without counterfactuals (with comments and rejoinder). Journal of the American Statistical Association 95: 407–448.
Haavelmo T. 1943. The statistical implications of a system of simultaneous equations. Econometrica 11: 1–12. Reprinted in The Foundations of Econometric Analysis, ed. D. F. Hendry and M. S. Morgan, 477–490. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Haavelmo T. 1944. The probability approach in econometrics (1944)*. Supplement to Econometrica 12: 12–17, 26–31, 33–39. Reprinted in The Foundations of Econometric Analysis, ed. Hendry D. F. and Morgan M. S., 440–453. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Heckman J. J. and Vytlacil E. J. 2007. Econometric evaluation of social programs, Part I: Causal models, structural models and econometric policy evaluation. In Handbook of Econometrics, Volume 6B, ed. Heckman J. J. and Leamer E., 4779–4874. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Heckman J. J. 2005. The scientific model of causality. Sociological Methodology 35: 1–97.
Hoover K. D. 2004. Lost causes. Journal of the History of Economic Thought 26: 149–164.
Hoover K. D. 2008. Causality in economics and econometrics. In The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edn, ed. Durlauf S. N. and Blume L. E.. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Imbens G. W. 2004. Nonparametric estimation of average treatment effects under exogeneity: a review. Review of Economics and Statistics 86: 4–29.
Marschak J. 1950. Statistical inference in economics. In Statistical Inference in Dynamic Economic Models, ed. Koopmans T., 1–50. Cowles Commission for Research in Economics, Monograph 10. Wiley.
Neyman J. 1923. On the application of probability theory to agricultural experiments. Essay on principles. Section 9. Statistical Science 5: 465–480.
Pearl J. 2000a. Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [2nd edn, 2009.]
Pearl J. 2000b. Comment on A.P. Dawid's, causal inference without counterfactuals. Journal of the American Statistical Association 95: 428–431.
Pearl J. 2003. Reply to Woodward. Economics and Philosophy 19: 341–344.
Pearl J. 2009. Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference, 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rubin D. B. 1974. Estimating causal effects of treatments in randomized and nonrandomized studies. Journal of Educational Psychology 66: 688–701.
Strotz R. H. and Wold H. O. A. 1960. Recursive versus nonrecursive systems: an attempt at synthesis. Econometrica 28: 417–427.