Skip to main content
×
×
Home

World Englishes or English as a Lingua Franca: Where does English in China stand?: An ideological negotiation and attitudinal debate of the use and function of English in the Chinese context

  • Fan (Gabriel) Fang
Extract

As the English language spreads and functions as an international language, scholars have been investigating some of the ideological issues behind the function and use of English in various contexts, and have pondered the future status of this global language. From early research of World Englishes (WE) the legitimacy of post-colonial Englishes, or ‘New Englishes’, as they have been termed, has emerged in scholars’ discussions (Platt, Weber & Ho, 1984; Kachru, 1985, 1992). Some have argued that the research on WE envisages the varieties of English in the outer circle contexts, such as the varieties of English spoken in Singapore, Nigeria, and India, and that people have used those varieties of English to exhibit their own identities (Kachru, 1992; Kachru & Nelson, 2006). Therefore, WE has created ‘new paradigms and perspectives for linguistic and pedagogical research and for understanding the linguistic creativity in multilingual situations across cultures’ (Kachru, 1985: 30).

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      World Englishes or English as a Lingua Franca: Where does English in China stand?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      World Englishes or English as a Lingua Franca: Where does English in China stand?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      World Englishes or English as a Lingua Franca: Where does English in China stand?
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Email: ffang@stu.edu.cn
References
Hide All
Adamson, B. 2004. China's English: A History of English in Chinese Education. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Bolton, K. 2003. Chinese Englishes: A Sociolinguistic History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cogo, A. & Dewey, M. 2012. Analysing English as a Lingua Franca: A Corpus-driven Investigation. London, New York: Continuum.
Fang, F. 2008. ‘People mountain, people sea: A study of four Chinese English idioms on the web.’ English Today, 24(4), 4650.
Fang, F. & Yuan, M. 2011. ‘Globalised English in Asia, now and the future – a perspective between English in Singapore and China.’ In: Zhang, L. J., Rubdy, R. & Alsagoff, L., (eds.), Asian Englishes: Changing Perspectives in a Globalised World. Singapore: Pearson, pp. 93118.
Ge, C. (葛传槼). 1980. [Mantan you hanyiying wenti] (漫谈由汉译英问题). Translator's Notes (翻译通讯), 2: 18.
He, D., & Li, D. C. S. 2009. ‘Language attitudes and linguistic features in the ‘China English’ debate.’ World Englishes, 28(1), 7089.
Henry, E. S. 2010. ‘Interpretations of “Chinglish”: Native speakers, language learners and the enregisterment of a stigmatized code.’ Language in Society, 39, 669–88.
Hu, X. 2004. ‘Why China English should stand alongside British, American, and the other ‘World Englishes’.’ English Today, 20(2), 2633.
Hu, X. 2005. ‘China English, at home and in the world.’ English Today, 21(3), 2738.
Jenkins, J. 2007. English as a Lingua Franca: Attitude and Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jenkins, J. 2015. ‘Repositioning English and multilingualism in English as a lingua franca.’ Englishes in Practice, 2(3), 4985.
Jenkins, J. Cogo, A. & Deway, M. 2011. ‘Review of developments in research into English as a lingua franca.’ Language Teaching, 44(3), 281315.
Jiang, Y. 2003. ‘English as a Chinese language.’ English Today, 19(2), 38.
Kachru, B. B. 1985. ‘Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: The English language in the outer circle.’ In: Quirk, R. & Widdowson, H. G. (eds.), English in the World: Teaching and Learning the Language and Literatures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1130.
Kachru, B. B. (ed.). 1992. The Other Tongue: English across Cultures. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Kachru, Y. & Nelson, C.L. 2006. World Englishes in Asian Contexts. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Kirkpatrick, A. & Xu, Z. 2002. ‘Chinese pragmatic norms and ‘China English’.’ World Englishes, 21(2), 269–79.
Lam, A. 2002. ‘English in education in China: Policy changes and learners’ experiences.’ World Englishes, 21(2), 245–56.
Li, D. C. S. 2011. ‘Improving the standards and promoting the use of English in Hong Kong: Issues, problems and prospects.’ In: Feng, A. (ed.), English Language Education across Greater China. Bristol: Multilingual Matters, pp. 95113.
Li, W. (李文中). 1993. China English and Chinglish (中国英语与中国式英语). Foreign Language Teaching and Research (外语教学与研究) , 4, 1824.
Mauranen, A. 2012. Exploring ELF: Academic English Shaped by Non-native Speakers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Niu, Q. & Wolff, M. 2003. China and Chinese, or Chingland and Chinglish?. English Today, 19(2), 911.
Niu, Q. & Wolff, M. 2007. ‘Linguistic failures.’ English Today, 23(1), 61–4.
Pakir, A. 2009. ‘English as a lingua franca: analyzing research frameworks in international English, world Englishes, and ELF.’ World Englishes, 28(2), 224–35.
Pan, L. & Seargeant, P. 2012. Is English a threat to Chinese language and culture? English Today, 28(3), 60–6.
Pinkham, J. 2000. The Translator's Guide to Chinglish. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.
Platt, J. T., Weber, H. & Ho, M. L. 1984. The New Englishes. London, Melbourne: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Seidlhofer, B. 2009. ‘Common ground and different realities: world Englishes and English as a lingua franca.’ World Englishes, 28(2), 236–45.
Seidlhofer, B. 2011. Understanding English as a Lingua Franca. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sewell, A. 2009. ‘World Englishes, English as a lingua franca, and the case of Hong Kong English.’ English Today, 25(1), 3743.
Tsui, A. B. M. & Tollefson, J. W. 2007. ‘Language policy and the construction of national cultural identity.’ In: Tsui, A. B. M. & Tollefson, J. W. (eds.), Language Policy, Culture, and Identity in Asian Contexts. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 121.
Wei, R. & Su., J. 2012. ‘The statistics of English in China.’ English Today, 28(3), 1014.
Xie, Z. (谢之君). 1995. China English: Interference variety in cross-culture communication (中国英语:跨文化语言交际中的干扰性变体). Modern Foreign Languages (现代外语), 70(4), 711.
Xu, Z. 2008. Analysis of syntactic features of Chinese English. Asian Englishes, 11(2), 431.
Xu, Z. 2010. Chinese English: Features and Implications. Hong Kong: Open University of Hong Kong Press.
Yang, C. & Zhang, L. J. 2015. China English in trouble: evidence from dyadic teacher talk. System, 51, 3950.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

English Today
  • ISSN: 0266-0784
  • EISSN: 1474-0567
  • URL: /core/journals/english-today
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score