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Bederman, Gail. Manliness & Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 1880-1917. Chicago, 1995.
Blaszczyk, Regina Lee. Imagining Consumers: Design and Innovation from Wedgwood to Corning. Baltimore, Md., 2000.
Cohn, Jan. Creating America: George Horace Lorimer and The Saturday Evening Post. Pittsburgh, Pa., 1989.
Cross, Gary. Kids’ Stuff: Toys and the Changing World of American Childhood. Cambridge, Mass., 1997.
de Grazia, Victoria, ed. The Sex of Things: Gender and Consumption in Historical Perspective. Berkeley, Calif., 1996.
Douglas, Susan. Inventing American Broadcasting, 1899-1922. Baltimore, Md., 1987.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment. New York, 1983.
Fass, Paula. The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s. New York, 1977.
Filene, Peter. Him/Her/Self: Gender Identities in Modern America, 3d ed., rev. 1974; Baltimore, Md., 1998.
Finnegan, Margaret. SellingSuffrage: Consumer Culture and Votes for Women. New York, 1999.
Formanek-Brunnell, Miriam. Made to Play House: Dolls and the Commercialization of American Girlhood, 1830-1930. New Haven, Conn., 1993.
Garvey, Ellen. The Adman in the Parlor: Magazines and the Gendering of Consumer Culture, 1880s to 1910s. New York, 1996.
Griswold, Robert. Fatherhood in America: A Cultural History. New York, 1993.
Grumbine, E., Evalyn. Reaching Juvenile Markets: How to Advertise, Sell and Merchandise Through Boys and Girls. New York, 1938.
Johnston, Patricia. Real Fantasies: Edward Steichen’s Advertising Photography. Berkeley, Calif., 1997.
Kimmel, Michael. Manhood in America: A Cultural History. New York, 1996.
Kwolek-Folland, Angel. Engendering Business: Men and Women in the Corporate Office, 1870-1930. Baltimore, Md., 1994.
Laird, Pamela Walker. Advertising Progress: American Business and the Rise of Consumer Marketing. Baltimore, Md., 1998.
Lewis, Sinclair. Babbitt. 1922; New York, 1996.
Macleod, David. Building Character in the American Boy: The Boy Scouts, YMCA, and Their Forerunners, 1870-1920. Madison, Wisc., 1983.
Marchand, Roland. Advertisingthe American Dream: MakingWay for Modernity, 1920-1940. Berkeley, Calif., 1985.
Mintz, Steven, and Kellogg, Susan. Domestic Revolutions: A Social History of American Family Life. New York, 1988.
Rotundo, E. Anthony. American Manhood: Transformations in Masculinity from the Revolution to the Modern Era. New York, 1993.
Scanlon, Jennifer. Inarticulate Longings: The Ladies’ Home Journal, Gender, and the Promises of Consumer Culture. New York, 1995.
Scharff, Virginia. Takingthe Wheel: Women and the Comingof the Motor Age. Albuquerque, N.M., 1991.
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Sekora, John. Luxury: The Concept in Western Thought. Baltimore, Md., 1977.
Spears, Timothy. 100 Years on the Road: The TravelingSalesman in American Culture. New Haven, Conn., 1995.
Articles and Essays
Brezeale, Kenon. “In Spite of Women: Esquire Magazine and the Construction of the Male Consumer.” Signs 20 (Autumn 1994): 1–22.
Hantover, Jeffrey P. “The Boy Scouts and the Validation of Masculinity.” In The American Man, ed. Elizabeth, and Joseph, Pleck. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1980, pp. 185–201.
Leac, William. “Child-World in the Promised Land.” In The Mythmaking Frame of Mind: Social Imagination & American Culture, ed. James, Gilbert. Belmont, Calif., 1993, pp. 209–38.
Lears, T. J. Jackson. “From Salvation to Self-Realization: Advertising and the Therapeutic Roots of the Consumer Culture, 1880-1930.” In The Culture ofConsumption: Critical Essays in American History, ed. Fox, Richard Wrightman and Lears, T. J. Jackson. New York, 1983, pp. 1–38.
Oldenziel, Ruth. “Boys and Their Toys: The Fisher Body Craftsman’s Guild, 1930-1968, and the Making of a Male Technical Domain.” Technology and Culture 38 (1997): 60–96.
Segal, Eric J. “Norman Rockwell and the Fashioning of American Masculinity.” Art Bulletin 78 (Dec. 1996): 633–46.
Susman, Warren I. “‘Personality’ and the Making of Twentieth-Century Culture.” In Susman, Culture as History: The Transformation of American Societyin the Twentieth Century. New York, 1984, pp. 271–85.
Swienicki, Mark A. “Consuming Brotherhood: Men’s Culture, Style and Recreation as Consumer Culture, 1880-1930.” Journal of Social History 31 (Summer 1998): 773–808.
Jacobson, Lisa. “Raising Consumers: Children, Childrearing, and the American Mass Market, 1890-1940.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1997.
J. Walter Thompson Company Archives, Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising, Sales & Marketing History, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
N. W. Ayer Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Wayne P. Ellis Collection of Kodakiana, Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History, Duke University, Durham, N.C.