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Willingness to pay for water and location bias in hedonic price analysis: evidence from the Indonesian housing market


Hedonic valuation of quality attributes can be misleading when the assumption that these attributes are exogenous to sample selection is violated. This paper considers the simultaneity between hedonic valuation and sample selection in the context of a model of consumer behavior over packaged goods and investigates empirically how the decision on house location (urban/rural) affects the household's valuation of water-related characteristics of the house in question. The empirical analysis uses data from the Indonesian housing market and suggests that households value access to safe and improved domestic water sources. However, failing to correct for sample selection results in a biased valuation of willingness to pay for house characteristics. This might misguide policy recommendations for improved provision of domestic water, based on cost–benefit analysis.

Corresponding author
Correspondence to: Phoebe Koundouri, The University of Reading, School of Business, Department of Economics, HUMSS Building, PO Box 218, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AA, Berkshire, UK. Tel: +44 (0)118 378 7862. Fax: +44 (0) 118 975 0236. E-mail: Phoebe Koundouri is a lecturer in Economics at the Department of Economics, University of Reading, UK, and a Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Economics/CSERGE, University College London, UK.
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This paper was written while the first author was visiting the Department of Economics/CSERGE, University College London. Both authors wish to thank Jerome Adda and two anonymous referees for helpful comments and discussions. The usual disclaimer applies.
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Environment and Development Economics
  • ISSN: 1355-770X
  • EISSN: 1469-4395
  • URL: /core/journals/environment-and-development-economics
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