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Is HIV/AIDS jeopardizing biodiversity?

  • DYLAN KENNETH MCGARRY (a1) and CHARLIE MICHAEL SHACKLETON (a1)
Abstract
SUMMARY

The scourge of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is most prevalent in southern Africa. South Africa has the highest number of people in the world living with HIV/AIDS and a prevalence rate of over 30 % for females presenting at antenatal clinics. There are now almost five million orphans within southern Africa, as a result of AIDS deaths of one or more or their parents. AIDS-related mortality and morbidity of care-givers may lead to increased reliance on wild sources of animal protein by surviving children. This increase in hunting pressure has unknown, but potentially important impacts on local animal populations.

SUMMARY

The scourge of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is most prevalent in southern Africa. South Africa has the highest number of people in the world living with HIV/AIDS and a prevalence rate of over 30 % for females presenting at antenatal clinics. There are now almost five million orphans within southern Africa, as a result of AIDS deaths of one or more or their parents. AIDS-related mortality and morbidity of care-givers may lead to increased reliance on wild sources of animal protein by surviving children. This increase in hunting pressure has unknown, but potentially important impacts on local animal populations.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Mr D. K. McGarry Tel: +27 78 032 6047 e-mail: armadylan@gmail.com
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

E. de Merode , K. Homewood & G. Cowlishaw (2004) The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty in Democratic Republic of Congo. Biological Conservation 118: 573581.

B.N. Ngwenya & K. Mosepele (2007) HIV/AIDS, artisanal fishing and food security in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32: 13391349.

E. Torell , J. Tobey , M. Thaxton , B. Crawford , B. Kalanghe , N. Madulu , A. Issa , V. Makota & R. Sallema (2006) Examining the linkages between AIDS and biodiversity conservation in coastal Tanzania. Ocean and Coastal Management 49: 792811.

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Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
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Supplementary Materials

McGarry supplementary material
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