Cozzoli, Francesco Smolders, Sven Eelkema, Menno Ysebaert, Tom Escaravage, Vincent Temmerman, Stijn Meire, Patrick Herman, Peter M.J. and Bouma, Tjeerd J. 2017. A modeling approach to assess coastal management effects on benthic habitat quality: A case study on coastal defense and navigability. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 184, p. 67.
Cuvillier, A. Villeneuve, N. Cordier, E. Kolasinski, J. Maurel, L. Farnier, N. and Frouin, P. 2017. Causes of seasonal and decadal variability in a tropical seagrass seascape (Reunion Island, south western Indian Ocean). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 184, p. 90.
Hamberg, Jonas Findlay, Stuart E. G. Limburg, Karin E. and Diemont, Stewart A. W. 2017. Post-storm sediment burial and herbivory of Vallisneria americana in the Hudson River estuary: mechanisms of loss and implications for restoration. Restoration Ecology,
Han, Qiuying Soissons, Laura M. Liu, Dongyan van Katwijk, Marieke M. and Bouma, Tjeerd J. 2017. Individual and population indicators of Zostera japonica respond quickly to experimental addition of sediment-nutrient and organic matter. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 114, Issue. 1, p. 201.
Mach, Megan E. Levings, Colin D. and Chan, Kai M. A. 2017. Nonnative Species in British Columbia Eelgrass Beds Spread via Shellfish Aquaculture and Stay for the Mild Climate. Estuaries and Coasts, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 187.
Mutchler, Troy and Hoffman, Daniel K. 2017. Response of seagrass (Thalassia testudinum) metrics to short-term nutrient enrichment and grazing manipulations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 486, p. 105.
Tiling, Kathryn and Proffitt, C. Edward 2017. Effects of Lyngbya majuscula blooms on the seagrass Halodule wrightii and resident invertebrates. Harmful Algae, Vol. 62, p. 104.
Abrams, Jesse F. Hohn, Sönke Rixen, Tim Baum, Antje and Merico, Agostino 2016. The impact of Indonesian peatland degradation on downstream marine ecosystems and the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 325.
Boudouresque, Charles F. Pergent, Gérard Pergent-Martini, Christine Ruitton, Sandrine Thibaut, Thierry and Verlaque, Marc 2016. The necromass of the Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadow: fate, role, ecosystem services and vulnerability. Hydrobiologia, Vol. 781, Issue. 1, p. 25.
Brandano, Marco Cuffaro, Marco Gaglianone, Giovanni Petricca, Patrizio Stagno, Vincenzo and Mateu-Vicens, Guillem 2016. Evaluating the Role of Seagrass in Cenozoic CO2 Variations. Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol. 4,
Bulmer, RH Kelly, S and Jeffs, AG 2016. Light requirements of the seagrass,Zostera muelleri, determined by observations at the maximum depth limit in a temperate estuary, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 50, Issue. 2, p. 183.
Butler, Jack Stanley, Jenni A. and Butler, Mark J. 2016. Underwater soundscapes in near-shore tropical habitats and the effects of environmental degradation and habitat restoration. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 479, p. 89.
Demers, Marie-Claire A. Knott, Nathan A. and Davis, Andrew R. 2016. Under the radar: Sessile epifaunal invertebrates in the seagrass Posidonia australis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Vol. 96, Issue. 02, p. 363.
Eriander, Louise Infantes, Eduardo Olofsson, Malin Olsen, Jeanine L. and Moksnes, Per-Olav 2016. Assessing methods for restoration of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in a cold temperate region. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 479, p. 76.
Gil, Michael A. Goldenberg, Silvan U. Ly Thai Bach, Anne Mills, Suzanne C. and Claudet, Joachim 2016. Interactive effects of three pervasive marine stressors in a post-disturbance coral reef. Coral Reefs, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 1281.
González-Ortiz, Vanessa Egea, Luis Gonzalo Jiménez-Ramos, Rocio Moreno-Marín, Francisco Pérez-Lloréns, José Lucas Bouma, Tjeerd and Brun, Fernando 2016. Submerged vegetation complexity modifies benthic infauna communities: the hidden role of the belowground system. Marine Ecology, Vol. 37, Issue. 3, p. 543.
Groner, ML Burge, CA Kim, CJS Rees, E Van Alstyne, KL Yang, S Wyllie-Echeverria, S and Harvell, CD 2016. Plant characteristics associated with widespread variation in eelgrass wasting disease. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, Vol. 118, Issue. 2, p. 159.
Groner, Maya L. Maynard, Jeffrey Breyta, Rachel Carnegie, Ryan B. Dobson, Andy Friedman, Carolyn S. Froelich, Brett Garren, Melissa Gulland, Frances M. D. Heron, Scott F. Noble, Rachel T. Revie, Crawford W. Shields, Jeffrey D. Vanderstichel, Raphaël Weil, Ernesto Wyllie-Echeverria, Sandy and Harvell, C. Drew 2016. Managing marine disease emergencies in an era of rapid change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, Issue. 1689, p. 20150364.
Grudzinski, Bartosz P. Daniels, Melinda D. Anibas, Kyle and Spencer, David 2016. Bison and cattle grazing management, bare ground coverage, and links to suspended sediment concentrations in grassland streams. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 52, Issue. 1, p. 16.
Many natural and human-induced events create disturbances in seagrasses throughout the world, but quantifying losses of habitat is only beginning. Over the last decade, 90000 ha of seagrass loss have been documented although the actual area lost is certainly greater. Seagrasses, an assemblage of marine flowering plant species, are valuable structural and functional components of coastal ecosystems and are currently experiencing worldwide decline. This group of plants is known to support a complex trophic food web and a detritus-based food chain, as well as to provide sediment and nutrient filtration, sediment stabilization, and breeding and nursery areas for finfish and shellfish.
We define disturbance, natural or human-induced, as any event that measurably alters resources available to seagrasses so that a plant response is induced that results in degradation or loss. Applying this definition, we find a common thread in many seemingly unrelated seagrass investigations. We review reports of seagrass loss from both published and ‘grey’ literature and evaluate the types of disturbances that have caused seagrass decline and disappearance. Almost certainly more seagrass has been lost globally than has been documented or even observed, but the lack of comprehensive monitoring and seagrass. mapping makes an assessment of true loss of this resource impossible to determine.
Natural disturbances that are most commonly responsible for seagrass loss include hurricanes, earthquakes, disease, and grazing by herbivores. Human activities most affecting seagrasses are those which alter water quality or clarity: nutrient and sediment loading from runoff and sewage disposal, dredging and filling, pollution, upland development, and certain fishing practices. Seagrasses depend on an adequate degree of water clarity to sustain productivity in their submerged environment. Although natural events have been responsible for both large-scale and local losses of seagrass habitat, our evaluation suggests that human population expansion is now the most serious cause of seagrass habitat loss, and specifically that increasing anthropogenic inputs to the coastal oceans are primarily responsible for the world-wide decline in seagrasses.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.