Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS AND CASE STUDIES: Addressing the Societal Costs of Unconventional Oil and Gas Exploration and Production: A Framework for Evaluating Short-Term, Future, and Cumulative Risks and Uncertainties of Hydrofracking

  • Simona L. Perry (a1)
Abstract

This article proposes a framework for addressing societal costs—psychological, social, community, and human health risks and uncertainties—associated with natural gas extraction and production from tight shale, tight sand, or coal-bed methane formations that use hydraulic fracturing processes. The US Environmental Protection Agency's 2011–14 study of hydraulic fracturing and the risks posed to drinking-water resources is used as a case study of how such a framework could be applied. This report also discusses some of the current regulatory and institutional barriers that make incorporation of societal costs into science-based and proactive decisions regarding unconventional oil and gas exploration and production in the United States more difficult and recommends some general steps for getting past those barriers.

Environmental Practice 14:1–14 (2012)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Simona L. Perry, c.a.s.e. Consulting Services, 9810 Dairyton Court, Montgomery Village, MD 20886; (phone) 240-599-6655; (e-mail) communitypower.slp@gmail.com
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M. Bamberger , and R.E. Oswald. 2012. Impacts of Gas Drilling on Human and Animal Health. New Solutions 22(1):5177.

R.B. Brown , S.F. Dorius, and R.S. Krannich. 2005. The Boom-Bust Recovery Cycle: Dynamics of Change in Community Satisfaction and Social Integration in Delta, Utah. Rural Sociology 70(1):2849.

R.L. Cooper , and R.J. Kavlock. 1997. Endocrine Disruptors and Reproductive Development: A Weight-of-Evidence Overview. Journal of Endocrinology 152(2):159166.

B. De Marchi 2003. Public Participation and Risk Governance. Science and Public Policy 30(3):171176.

L. Dodds , W. King, C. Woolcott, and J. Pole. 1999. Trihalomethanes in Public Water Supplies and Adverse Birth Outcomes. Epidemiology 10(3):233237.

S. Entrekin , M. Evans-White, B. Johnson, and E. Hagenbuch. 2011. Rapid Expansion of Natural Gas Development Poses a Threat to Surface Waters. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9(9):503511.

D.J. Fiorino 1990. Citizen Participation and Environmental Risk: A Survey of Institutional Mechanisms. Science, Technology, & Human Values 15(2):226243.

J.S. Gilmore 1976. Boom Towns May Hinder Energy Resource Development: Isolated Rural Communities Cannot Handle Sudden Industrialization and Growth without Help. Science 191(4227):535–40.

B.D. Goldstein , J. Kriesky, and B. Pavliakova. 2012. Missing from the Table: Role of the Environmental Public Health Community in Governmental Advisory Commissions Related to Marcellus Shale Drilling. Environmental Health Perspectives 120:483486. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104594 (accessed May 15, 2012).

M.I. Greenberg , J. Waksman, and J. Curtis. 2007. Silicosis: A Review. Disease-a-Month 53(8):394416.

R.E. Kasperson 1986. Six Propositions on Public Participation and Their Relevance for Risk Communication. Risk Analysis 6(3):275281.

K.M. Klemow 2012. Science and Energy Policy: Leave the Cherries Alone. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10(3):115.

C.A. Lengnick-Hall , and M.L. Lengnick-Hall. 1988. Strategic Human Resources Management: A Review of the Literature and a Proposed Typology. Academy of Management Review 13(3):454470.

B. Liljas 1998. How to Calculate Indirect Costs in Economic Evaluations. Pharmacoeconomics 13(1):17.

S. Macintyre , A. Ellaway, and S. Cummins. 2002. Place Effects on Health: How Can We Conceptualise, Operationalise and Measure Them? Social Science & Medicine 55(1):125139.

T.D. MacKenzie , C.E. Bartecchi, and R.W. Schrier. 1994. The Human Costs of Tobacco Use—Second of Two Parts. New England Journal of Medicine 330(14):975980.

L.M. McKenzie , R.Z. Witter, L.S. Newman, and J.L. Adgate. 2012. Human Health Risk Assessment of Air Emissions from Development of Unconventional Natural Gas Resources. Science of the Total Environment 424(May):7987.

D. O'Rourke , and S. Connolly. 2003. Just oil? The Distribution of Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Production and Consumption. Annual Review of Environmental Resources 28:587617. Available at http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev.energy.28.050302.105617 (accessed October 30, 2012).

S.G. Osborn , A. Vengosh, N.R. Warner, and R.B. Jackson. 2011. Methane Contamination of Drinking Water Accompanying Gas Well Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 108(20):81728176.

M. Park , and P.A. Stokowski. 2009. Social Disruption Theory and Crime in Rural Communities: Comparisons across Three Levels of Tourism Growth. Tourism Management 30(6):905915.

S.L. Perry 2012. Development, Land Use, and Collective Trauma: The Marcellus Shale Gas Boom in Rural Pennsylvania. Culture, Agriculture, Food, and Environment 34(1):8090.

G. Rowe , and L.J. Frewer. 2000. Public Participation Methods: A Framework for Evaluation. Science, Technology, & Human Values 25(1):329.

L.A. Sagan 1972. Human Costs of Nuclear Power. Science 177(4048):487493.

A. Sen 2000. The Discipline of Cost-Benefit Analysis. Journal of Legal Studies 29(S2):931952.

M.D. Smith , R.S. Krannich, and L.M. Hunter. 2001. Growth, Decline, Stability, and Disruption: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Well-being in Four Western Rural Communities. Rural Sociology 66(3):425450.

N.R. Warner , R.B. Jackson, T.H. Darrah, S.G. Osborn, A. Down, K. Zhao, A. White, and A. Vengosh. 2012. Geochemical Evidence for Possible Natural Migration of Marcellus Formation Brine to Shallow Aquifers in Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 109(30):1196111966.

V.G. Zartarian , B.D. Schultz, T.M. Barzyk, M. Smuts, D.M. Hammond, M. Medina-Vera, and A.M. Geller. 2011. The Environmental Protection Agency's Community-Focused Exposure and Risk Screening Tool (C-FERST) and Its Potential Use for Environmental Justice Efforts. American Journal of Public Health 101(S1):S286S294.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Practice
  • ISSN: 1466-0466
  • EISSN: 1466-0474
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-practice
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×