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A population-based study of the epidemiology and clinical features of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in Pennsylvania, 2001–2010

  • J. A. CASEY (a1), S. E. COSGROVE (a2) (a3), W. F. STEWART (a2) (a4), J. POLLAK (a1) and B. S. SCHWARTZ (a1) (a2) (a5) (a4)...
Abstract
SUMMARY

No U.S. general population-based study has characterized the epidemiology and risk factors, including skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI), for healthcare-associated (HA) and community-associated (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We estimated the incidence of HA- and CA-MRSA and SSTI over a 9-year period using electronic health record data from the Geisinger Clinic in Pennsylvania. MRSA cases were frequency-matched to SSTI cases and controls in a nested case-control analysis. Logistic regression was used to assess risk factors, while accounting for antibiotic administration. We identified 1713 incident CA- and 1506 HA-MRSA cases and 78 216 SSTI cases. On average, from 2005 to 2009, the annual incidence of CA-MRSA increased by 34%, HA-MRSA by 7%, and SSTI by 4%. Age, season, community socioeconomic deprivation, obesity, smoking, previous SSTI, and antibiotic administration were identified as independent risk factors for CA-MRSA.

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr B. S. Schwartz, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Room W7041, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. (Email: bschwart@jhsph.edu)
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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