Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 101
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Alsmo, Thomas and Alsmo, Catharina 2016. A Comparison of Relative Humidity between Two Swedish Buildings with Different Ventilation Solutions. Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 07, Issue. 06, p. 855.

    Derby, Melanie M. Hamehkasi, Maryam Eckels, Steven Hwang, Grace Jones, Byron Maghirang, Ronaldo and Shulan, David 2016. Update of the scientific evidence for specifying lower limit relative humidity levels for comfort, health and IEQ in occupied spaces (RP-1630). Science and Technology for the Built Environment, p. 00.

    Guan, J. Chan, M. and VanderZaag, A. 2016. Inactivation of Avian Influenza Viruses on Porous and Non-porous Surfaces is Enhanced by Elevating Absolute Humidity. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases,

    Seo, Youngmin Kim, Ji-eun Jeong, Yoon Lee, Kwan Hong Hwang, Jangsun Hong, Jongwook Park, Hansoo and Choi, Jonghoon 2016. Engineered nanoconstructs for the multiplexed and sensitive detection of high-risk pathogens. Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue. 4, p. 1944.

    Shaw Stewart, Patrick D. 2016. Seasonality and selective trends in viral acute respiratory tract infections. Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 86, p. 104.

    Brown, J.R. Tang, J.W. Pankhurst, L. Klein, N. Gant, V. Lai, K.M. McCauley, J. and Breuer, J. 2015. Influenza virus survival in aerosols and estimates of viable virus loss resulting from aerosolization and air-sampling. Journal of Hospital Infection, Vol. 91, Issue. 3, p. 278.

    Ganguly, Nandita D. 2015. Short term change in relative humidity during the festival of Diwali in India. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 129, p. 49.

    Li, Yuguo Tang, Julian Noakes, Catherine and Hodgson, Michael J. 2015. Engineering control of respiratory infection and low-energy design of healthcare facilities. Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 25.

    Metz, Jane A. and Finn, Adam 2015. Influenza and humidity – Why a bit more damp may be good for you!. Journal of Infection, Vol. 71, p. S54.

    Alsmo, Thomas and Alsmo, Catharina 2014. Ventilation and Relative Humidity in Swedish Buildings. Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 05, Issue. 11, p. 1022.

    Bouvier, Nicole 2014. Human Respiratory Viral Infections.

    Ge, Song Kuehn, Thomas H. Abin, Martha Verma, Harsha Bekele, Aschalew Mor, Sunil K. Goyal, Sagar M. Appert, Jessica Raynor, Peter C. and Zuo, Zhili 2014. Airborne Virus Survivability During Long-Term Sampling Using a Non-Viable Andersen Cascade Impactor in an Environmental Chamber. Aerosol Science and Technology, Vol. 48, Issue. 12, p. 1360.

    Guimarães, Ana Paula Ramalho, Teodorico Castro and França, Tanos Celmar Costa 2014. Preventing the return of smallpox: molecular modeling studies on thymidylate kinase fromVariola virus. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, Vol. 32, Issue. 10, p. 1601.

    Jaakkola, Kari Saukkoriipi, Annika Jokelainen, Jari Juvonen, Raija Kauppila, Jaana Vainio, Olli Ziegler, Thedi Rönkkö, Esa Jaakkola, Jouni JK and Ikäheimo, Tiina M 2014. Decline in temperature and humidity increases the occurrence of influenza in cold climate. Environmental Health, Vol. 13, Issue. 1,

    Melero, Mar García-Párraga, Daniel Corpa, Juan Manuel Ortega, Joaquín Rubio-Guerri, Consuelo Crespo, José Luis Rivera-Arroyo, Belén and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, José Manuel 2014. First molecular detection and characterization of herpesvirus and poxvirus in a Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). BMC Veterinary Research, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,

    Prussin, Aaron J. Marr, Linsey C. and Bibby, Kyle J. 2014. Challenges of studying viral aerosol metagenomics and communities in comparison with bacterial and fungal aerosols. FEMS Microbiology Letters, Vol. 357, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Tang, Julian W. and Loh, Tze Ping 2014. Correlations between climate factors and incidence-a contributor to RSV seasonality. Reviews in Medical Virology, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 15.

    Zhao, Yang Aarnink, AndrÉ J. A. De Jong, Mart C. M. and Groot Koerkamp, Peter W. G. 2014. Airborne Microorganisms From Livestock Production Systems and Their Relation to Dust. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 44, Issue. 10, p. 1071.

    Zinder, Daniel Bedford, Trevor Baskerville, Edward B Woods, Robert J Roy, Manojit and Pascual, Mercedes 2014. Seasonality in the migration and establishment of H3N2 Influenza lineages with epidemic growth and decline. BMC Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 14, Issue. 1,

    Fernstrom, Aaron and Goldblatt, Michael 2013. Aerobiology and Its Role in the Transmission of Infectious Diseases. Journal of Pathogens, Vol. 2013, p. 1.


Airborne micro-organisms: survival tests with four viruses

  • G. J. Harper (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

Airborne virus particles of vaccinia, influenza, Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, and poliomyelitis have been tested for viable survival in the dark at controlled temperatures and relative humidity (R.H.) for up to 23 hr. after spraying.

Viable survival at each R.H. level was better at lower temperature than at higher temperature. Poliomyelitis virus showed best survival at high R.H.; the other three viruses survived best at low R.H.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. D. Cooper (1955). Virology, 1, 397.

D. G. ff. Edward , W. J. Elford & P. P. Laidlaw (1943). J. Hyg., Camb., 43, 1.

J. H. Hemmes , K. C. Winkler & S. M. Kool (1960). Nature, Lond., 188, 430.

D. W. Henderson (1952). J. Hyg., Camb., 50, 53.

W. Lester (1943). J. exp. Med. 88, 361.

C. G. Loosli , H. M. Lemon , O. H. Robertson & E. Appel (1943 a). Proc. Soc. exp. Biol., N.Y., 53, 205.

C. G. Loosli , O. H. Robertson & T. T. Puck (1943 b). J. infect. Dis. 72, 142.

P. von Magnus (1951). Acta path. microbiol. Scand. 28, 278.

I. L. Shechmeister (1950). J. Infect. Dis. 87, 128.

H. M. Skinner & C. J. Bradish (1954). J. gen. Microbiol. 10, 377.

N. Veall (1948). Brit. J. Radiol. 21, 347.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *