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An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis associated with a resort swimming pool

  • W. R. MacKenzie (a1), J. J. Kazmierczak (a2) and J. P. Davis (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

An outbreak of cyptosporidiosis occurred in late April 1993 among resort hotel guests which was temporally associated with, but geographically distant from, a massive waterborne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, that occurred in late March and early April of 1993. A case-control study was performed among groups with members who reported illness and among a systematic sample of groups who stayed at the resort hotel during the risk period. Of 120 persons interviewed, 51 (43%) met the case definition. Swimming in the resort hotel's pool was significantly associated with case status (OR = 9·8; 95% Cl 3·4, 29·7), as was consumption of ice from the hotel's ice machines (OR = 2·3; 95% Cl 1·01, 5·2). When analysis was restricted only to laboratory-confirmed cases and controls, swimming pool use was the only risk factor significantly associated with illness (OR=13·0; 95%C1 2·6, 88·7). Following waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis associated with water supplies, swimming pools should be considered as possible ongoing sources for transmission regionally.

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