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The association of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) carriage in humans with pigs – a reply

  • J. FISCHER (a1), K. HILLE (a2), A. MELLMANN (a1), F. SCHAUMBURG (a3), L. KREIENBROCK (a2) and R. KÖCK (a1) (a3)...
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Author for correspondence: Dr R. Köck, Institute of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Münster, Domagkstr. 10, 48149 Münster, Germany. (Email:
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1. Denkel, LA, et al. The association of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) carriage in humans with pigs [Letter]. Epidemiology and Infection. Published online 12 October 2015. doi:10.1017/S095026881500240X.
2. Dohmen, W, et al. Carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in pig farmers is associated with occurrence in pigs. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2015; 21: 917923.
3. Dierikx, C, et al. Extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase- and AmpC-beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in Dutch broilers and broiler farmers. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2013; 68: 6067.
4. Belmar, Campos C, et al. Prevalence and genotypes of extended spectrum beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from human stool and chicken meat in Hamburg, Germany. International Journal of Medical Microbiology 2014; 304: 678684.
5. Valenza, G, et al. Extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli as intestinal colonizers in the German community. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2014; 58: 12281230.
6. March, A, et al. Colonization of residents and staff of a long-term-care facility and adjacent acute-care hospital geriatric unit by multiresistant bacteria. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2010; 16: 934944.
7. Fischer, J, et al. Low-level antimicrobial resistance of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from the nares of pig-exposed persons. Epidemiology and Infection Published online: 29 July 2015. doi:10.1017/S0950268815001776.
8. Köck, R, et al. The burden of zoonotic MRSA colonization and infection in Germany. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 2014; 127: 384398.
9. Leistner, R, et al. Regional distribution of nosocomial infections due to ESBL-positive Enterobacteriaceae in Germany: data from the German National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections (KISS). Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2015; 21: 255 e251255.
10. Cuny, C, et al. State-wide surveillance of antibiotic resistance patterns and spa types of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from blood cultures in North-Rhine-Westphalia, 2011–2013. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2015; 21: 750757.
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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