Skip to main content
×
Home

A bacteriological survey of washrooms and toilets

  • M. P. Mendes (a1) and D. J. Lynch (a1)
Summary
SUMMARY

A survey of the bacterial flora present at various positions in 130 male and female washrooms and toilets is reported. Several bacteria of faecal origin were found in large numbers: the areas likely to be the most important sources of cross-infection from faecal contamination are indicated. The results are used to assess priorities for disinfection.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Barnard A. F. (1972). Bacteriological survey of a hydrotherapy pool: best method of disinfection. Community Medicine, 10 Nov., 8791.
Bound W. H. & Atkinson R. I. (1966). Bacterial aerosol from water closets. Lancet i, 1369–70.
Burgess J. A. (1963). Trichomonas vaginalis infection from splashing in water closets. British Journal of Venereal Diseases 39, 248–50.
Cowan S. T. & Steel K. J. (1965). Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria. Cambridge University Press.
Cruickshank R. (1968). Medical Microbiology. 11th ed. Edinburgh: E. & F. Livingstone.
Darlow H. M. & Bale W. R. (1959). Infective hazards of water closets. Lancet i, 11961200.
Hutchinson R. I. (1956). Some observations on the method of spread of Sonne dysentery. Monthly Bulletin of the Ministry of Health and the Public Health Laboratory Service 15, 110–18.
Jessen C. (1955). Luftborne Mikroorganismer Forekomst og Bekaempelse, p. 103. Copenhagen.
Ketyi I. & Barna K. (1964). Studies on the human intestinal flora. Acta Microbiologica Hungarica 11, 173–83.
McCullagh W. McK. H. (1953). The gap seat. Lancet i, 698.
Maurer I. M., Efstratiou A. & Watson H. M. (1972). Lavatory brushes in hospitals. British Hospital Journal and Social Service Review (Institutional Cleaning Supplement), May 13.
Newsom S. W. B. (1972). Microbiology of hospital toilets. Lancet ii, 700–3.
Sharpe A. N. & Kilsby D. C. (1971). A rapid, inexpensive bacterial count technique using agar droplets. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 34, 435–40.
Thomas M. E. M. & Tillet H. E. (1973). Sonne dysentery in day schools and nurseries: an eighteen-year study in Edmonton. Journal of Hygiene 71, 593602.
Whittington M. J. (1957). Epidemiology of infections with Trichomonas vaginalis in the light of improved diagnostic methods. British Journal of Venereal Diseases 33, 8091.
Williams R. E. O., Blowers R., Garrod L. P. & Shooter R. A. (1966). Hospital Infection. 2nd ed. London: Lloyd-Luke.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 36 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 453 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.