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    Margawani, K. R. Robertson, I. D. and Hampson, D. J. 2009. Isolation of the anaerobic intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira pilosicoli from long-term residents and Indonesian visitors to Perth, Western Australia. Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol. 58, Issue. 2, p. 248.

    Mortimer-Jones, S. M. Phillips, N. D. La, T. Naresh, R. and Hampson, D. J. 2008. Penicillin resistance in the intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira pilosicoli associated with OXA-136 and OXA-137, two new variants of the class D  -lactamase OXA-63. Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol. 57, Issue. 9, p. 1122.

    Phillips, N.D. La, T. and Hampson, D.J. 2005. A cross-sectional study to investigate the occurrence and distribution of intestinal spirochaetes (Brachyspira spp.) in three flocks of laying hens. Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 105, Issue. 3-4, p. 189.

    Stephens, Carol P. and Hampson, David J. 2002. Experimental infection of broiler breeder hens with the intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira ( Serpulina ) pilosicoli causes reduced egg production. Avian Pathology, Vol. 31, Issue. 2, p. 169.


Carriage of intestinal spirochaetes by humans: epidemiological data from Western Australia

  • C. J. BROOKE (a1), A. N. CLAIR (a2), A. S. J. MIKOSZA (a1), T. V. RILEY (a2) (a3) and D. J. HAMPSON (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 26 November 2001

The purpose of this study was to investigate carriage of intestinal spirochaetes by selected population groups in Western Australia. Stool specimens from 293 rural patients with gastrointestinal disorders, and from 227 healthy migrants from developing countries were cultured. Spirochaete isolates were identified using PCR, and typed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Brachyspira aalborgi was not isolated. Brachyspira pilosicoli was recovered from 15 rural patients, all Aboriginal. Prevalence was 9·9% in 151 Aboriginals and 0% in 142 non-Aboriginals. Carriage of B. pilosicoli amongst migrants was 10·6% (24/227). Carriage was significantly increased in Aboriginal children aged 2–5 years (P = 0·0027) and in migrant individuals from the Middle East and Africa (P = 0·0034). Carriage was significantly associated with detection of faecal protozoa in both Aboriginals (P = 0·0021) and migrants (P = 0·012). PFGE results indicated that the B. pilosicoli strains were genetically diverse.

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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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