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The changing face of meningococcal disease in West Africa

  • B. GREENWOOD (a1)
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Abstract

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Professor B. Greenwood, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK. (Email: brian.greenwood@lshtm.ac.uk)

References

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1. Greenwood, BM. Meningococcal meningitis in Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1999; 93: 341353.
2. Horn, AE. Report on an investigation of cerebrospinal fever in the northern territories of the Gold Coast in 1908. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1908; 11: 358365.
3. Lapeyssonie, L. Cerebrospinal meningitis in Africa [in French]. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1963; 28 (Suppl.): 3114.
4. Whittle, HC, et al. Group C meningococcal meningitis in the northern savannah of Africa. Lancet 1975; 1: 1377.
5. Broome, CV, et al. Epidemic group C meningococcal meningitis in Upper Volta, 1979. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1983; 61: 325330.
6. Decosas, J, Koama, J-BT. Chronicle of an outbreak foretold: meningococcal meningitis W135 in Burkina Faso. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2002; 2: 663765.
7. Boisier, P, et al. Meningococcal meningitis: unprecedented incidence of serogroup X-related cases in 2006 in Niger. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 44: 657673.
8. Achtman, M. Molecular epidemiology of epidemic bacterial meningitis. Reviews of Medical Microbiology 1990; 1: 2938.
9. Lingappa, JR, et al. Serogroup W-135 meningococcal disease during the Hajj, 2000. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2003; 9: 665671.
10. Denis, F, et al. Emergence of meningococcal meningitis caused by W135 subgroups in Africa. Lancet 1982; ii: 13351336.
11. Kwara, A, et al. Meningitis caused by a serogroup W135 clone of the ET-37 complex of Neisseria meningitidis in West Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health 1998; 3: 742746.
12. Gagneux, SP, et al. Prospective study of a serogroup X Neisseria meningitidis outbreak in northern Ghana. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2002; 185: 618626.
13. Djibo, S, et al. Outbreaks of serogroup X meningococcal meningitis in Niger 1995–2000. Tropical Medicine and International Health 2003; 8: 11181123.
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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