Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-gbqfq Total loading time: 0.333 Render date: 2022-05-20T23:06:32.874Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Cockroaches as carriers of bacteria in multi-family dwellings

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 May 2009

A. Cloarec
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'ethologie, URA CNRS 373, Université de Rennes I, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex, France
C. Rivault
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'ethologie, URA CNRS 373, Université de Rennes I, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex, France
F. Fontaine
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'ethologie, URA CNRS 373, Université de Rennes I, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex, France
A. Le Guyader
Affiliation:
A.A.C.C.E.S. Qualité, 13 bis rue Lanjunais, 35000 Rennes, France
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Summary

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

The potential risk of bacterial dissemination due to the presence of cockroaches (Blattella germanica, Blattellidae) in low-income flats was investigated. Cockroaches can carry a great variety of bacterial species; we identified 30 different species from 52 different flats. Klebsiella oxycytoca, K. pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae were the most frequently found. Pathogenic and potentially pathogenic bacteria represented 54% of all the bacterial identifications. Bacteria were carried either on the cuticle or in the gut. Contamination through external contact is sufficient to insure bacterial diffusion. There was a very low level of overlap estimated by Pianka's index (a) between the bacterial flora of neighbouring blocks of flats, and (b) between bacterial flora of different flats in the same block.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1992

References

1.Bennett, GW, Owens, JM. Advances in urban pest management. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1986.Google Scholar
2.Wood, FE. Cockroach control in public housing. Ann Entomol Fenn 1980; 48: 14–8.Google Scholar
3.Wood, FE, Robinson, WH, Kraft, SK, Zungoli, PA. Survey of attitudes and knowledges of public housing residents toward cockroaches. Bull Entomol Soc Am 1981; 27: 913.Google Scholar
4.Robinson, WH, Akers, RC, Powell, PK. German cockroaches in urban apartment buildings. Pest Control 1980; 48: 1820.Google Scholar
5.Owens, JM, Bennett, GW. German cockroach movement within and between urban apartments. J Econ Entomol 1982; 75: 570–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6.Owens, JM, Bennett, GW. Comparative study of german cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattelidae). Population sampling techniques. Environ Entomol 1983; 12: 1040–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7.Rivault, C. Spatial distribution of the cockroach, Blattella germanica, in a swimming-bath facility. Entomol Exp Appl 1989; 53: 247–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8.Marsh, BT, Berthold, JK. The importance of sanitation. In: Bennett, GW, Owens, JM eds. Advances in urban pest management. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1986; 5168.Google Scholar
9.Cochran, DG. Cockroaches-biology and control. WHO vector biology & control series, Geneva, Switzerland 1982; 856: 153.Google Scholar
10.Roth, LM, Willis, ER. The medical and veterinary importance of cockroaches. Smithson Misc Collect. 1957; 134: 1147.Google Scholar
11.Burgess, NRH, MacDermott, SN, Whitting, J. Aerobic bacteria occurring in the hind-gut of the cockroach, Blatta orientalis. J Hyg 1973; 71: 17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
12.Burgess, NRH, MacDermott, SN, Whitting, J. Laboratory transmission of Enterobacteriaceae by the oriental cockroach. Blatta orientalis. J Hyg 1973; 71: 914.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
13.Frishman, AM. Alcamo, IE. Domestic cockroach and human bacterial disease. Pest Control 1977; 45: 2046.Google Scholar
14.Le, Guyader A, Rivault, C, Chaperon, J. Microbial organisms carried by brown-banded cockroaches in relation to their spatial distribution in a hospital. Epidemiol Infect 1989; 102: 485–92.Google Scholar
15.Fotedar, R, Banerjee, U, Shrinivas, Verma A. Cockroaches Blattella germanica as carriers of microorganisms of medical importance in hospitals. Epidemiol Infect 1991; 107: 181–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
16.Pianka, ER. The structure of lizard communities. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 1973; 4: 5374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17.Story, KO. Inspection, diagnosis, pest population monitoring, and consultation. In: Bennett, GW, Owens, JM, eds. Urban Pest Management. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company 1986; 6994.Google Scholar
18.Burgess, NRH. Hospital design and cockroach control. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1984; 78: 293–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
19.Rivault, C, Le, Guyader A, Cloarec, A. Transport de bactéries par les blattes en milieu urbain. Bull Soc Zool Fr 1991; 116: 235–41.Google Scholar
20.Avril, JL. Dictionnaire pratique de bactriologie clinique. Edition marketing Paris 1988.Google Scholar
21.Bennett, GW. Evaluating pesticides in urban environments. Chem Times Trends 1978; 2: 5561.Google Scholar
22.Cornwell, PB, Mendes, MF. Disease organisms carried by oriental cockroaches in relation to acceptable standards of hygiene. Int Pest Control 1981; 23: 72–4.Google Scholar
You have Access
40
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Cockroaches as carriers of bacteria in multi-family dwellings
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Cockroaches as carriers of bacteria in multi-family dwellings
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Cockroaches as carriers of bacteria in multi-family dwellings
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *