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A review of toxoplasmosis in humans and animals in Ethiopia

  • J. P. DUBEY (a1), N. TIAO (a2), W. A. GEBREYES (a2) and J. L. JONES (a3)
Abstract
SUMMARY

Toxoplasmosis caused by the protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, is a worldwide zoonosis. In this paper published information on toxoplasmosis in humans and other animals in Ethiopia is reviewed. Limited data indicate that the prevalence of T. gondii in humans in Ethiopia is very high, up to 41% of children aged 1–5 years were reported to be seropositive. There is little information on seroprevalence data in pregnant women and no data on congenital toxoplasmosis in children. About 1 million adults in Ethiopia are considered to be infected with HIV with less than one-third likely receive highly active antiviral therapy. Based on a conservative T. gondii seroprevalence of 50%, thousands might die of concurrent opportunistic infections, including toxoplasmosis. However, exact figures are not available, and most serological surveys are not current. Serological surveys indicate up to 79% of goats and sheep have T. gondii antibodies. However, there is no information on losses due to toxoplasmosis in livestock or the presence of viable T. gondii in any host in Ethiopia.

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr. J. P. Dubey, APDL, ANRI, BARC, Building 1001, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA. (Email: jitender.dubey@ars.usda.gov)
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13. TBekele , OBKasali . Toxoplasmosis in sheep, goats and cattle in central Ethiopia. Veterinary Research Communications 1989; 13: 371375.

17.T Shibre , Trimethoprim as adjuvant treatment in schizophrenia: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Schizophrenia Bulletin 2010; 36: 846851.

20. KHuruy , Immune restoration disease and changes in CD4+ T-cell count in HIV-infected patients during highly active antiretroviral therapy at Zewditu memorial hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. AIDS Research and Therapy 2010; 7: 46.

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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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