One hundred and six patients suffering from severe dehydrating diarrhoea were studied of whom 36 patients were positive for Vibrio cholerae. Out of 36, 15 were positive for V. cholerae O1, 10 for V. cholerae O139 and 11 for V. cholerae non-O1 non-O139. O1 and O139 were positive for the 301-bp ctxA amplicon and 471-bp tcpA amplicon indicating that the strains possessed toxigenic capability whereas no non-O1 non-O139 strain possessed ctxA or tcpA genes. Post-admission severity of purging and amount of ORS required were less in the V. cholerae non-O1 non-O139 group (P<0·05) compared to the V. cholerae O1 and O139 groups. It appears from this study that a cholera-like clinical condition can be caused in the absence of CT as exemplified by strains of non-O1 non-O139.
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